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Date:   Wed, 28 Sep 2016 08:14:24 +1000
From:   Dave Chinner <david@...morbit.com>
To:     Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@...ux.intel.com>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>,
        Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@....de>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>,
        Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@...rosoft.com>,
        linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-mm@...ck.org, linux-nvdimm@...ts.01.org,
        linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 09/11] dax: add struct iomap based DAX PMD support

On Tue, Sep 27, 2016 at 02:48:00PM -0600, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> DAX PMDs have been disabled since Jan Kara introduced DAX radix tree based
> locking.  This patch allows DAX PMDs to participate in the DAX radix tree
> based locking scheme so that they can be re-enabled using the new struct
> iomap based fault handlers.
> 
> There are currently three types of DAX 4k entries: 4k zero pages, 4k DAX
> mappings that have an associated block allocation, and 4k DAX empty
> entries.  The empty entries exist to provide locking for the duration of a
> given page fault.
> 
> This patch adds three equivalent 2MiB DAX entries: Huge Zero Page (HZP)
> entries, PMD DAX entries that have associated block allocations, and 2 MiB
> DAX empty entries.
> 
> Unlike the 4k case where we insert a struct page* into the radix tree for
> 4k zero pages, for HZP we insert a DAX exceptional entry with the new
> RADIX_DAX_HZP flag set.  This is because we use a single 2 MiB zero page in
> every 2MiB hole mapping, and it doesn't make sense to have that same struct
> page* with multiple entries in multiple trees.  This would cause contention
> on the single page lock for the one Huge Zero Page, and it would break the
> page->index and page->mapping associations that are assumed to be valid in
> many other places in the kernel.
> 
> One difficult use case is when one thread is trying to use 4k entries in
> radix tree for a given offset, and another thread is using 2 MiB entries
> for that same offset.  The current code handles this by making the 2 MiB
> user fall back to 4k entries for most cases.  This was done because it is
> the simplest solution, and because the use of 2MiB pages is already
> opportunistic.
> 
> If we were to try to upgrade from 4k pages to 2MiB pages for a given range,
> we run into the problem of how we lock out 4k page faults for the entire
> 2MiB range while we clean out the radix tree so we can insert the 2MiB
> entry.  We can solve this problem if we need to, but I think that the cases
> where both 2MiB entries and 4K entries are being used for the same range
> will be rare enough and the gain small enough that it probably won't be
> worth the complexity.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@...ux.intel.com>
....
> +#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)
> +/*
> + * The 'colour' (ie low bits) within a PMD of a page offset.  This comes up
> + * more often than one might expect in the below functions.
> + */
> +#define PG_PMD_COLOUR	((PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT) - 1)
> +
> +static void __dax_pmd_dbg(struct iomap *iomap, unsigned long address,
> +		const char *reason, const char *fn)
> +{
> +	if (iomap) {
> +		char bname[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
> +
> +		bdevname(iomap->bdev, bname);
> +		pr_debug("%s: %s addr %lx dev %s type %#x blkno %ld "
> +			"offset %lld length %lld fallback: %s\n", fn,
> +			current->comm, address, bname, iomap->type,
> +			iomap->blkno, iomap->offset, iomap->length, reason);
> +	} else {
> +		pr_debug("%s: %s addr: %lx fallback: %s\n", fn,
> +			current->comm, address, reason);
> +	}
> +}

Yuck! Tracepoints for debugging information like this, please, not
printk awfulness.

> +
> +#define dax_pmd_dbg(bh, address, reason) \
> +	__dax_pmd_dbg(bh, address, reason, __func__)
> +
> +static int iomap_pmd_insert_mapping(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
> +		struct vm_fault *vmf, unsigned long address,
> +		struct iomap *iomap, loff_t pos, bool write, void **entryp)

Please put a "dax" in the function name. grepping, cscope, etc are
much easier when static function names are namespaced properly.

> +{
> +	struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
> +	struct block_device *bdev = iomap->bdev;
> +	struct blk_dax_ctl dax = {
> +		.sector = iomap_dax_sector(iomap, pos),
> +		.size = PMD_SIZE,
> +	};
> +	long length = dax_map_atomic(bdev, &dax);
> +	void *ret;
> +
> +	if (length < 0) {
> +		dax_pmd_dbg(iomap, address, "dax-error fallback");
> +		return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
> +	}

Fails to unmap. Please use an goto based error stack. And
tracepoints make this much neater:

	trace_dax_pmd_insert_mapping(iomap, address, &dax, length);
	if (length < 0)
		goto unmap_fallback;
	if (length < PMD_SIZE)
		goto unmap_fallback;
	.....

	trace_dax_pmd_insert_mapping_done(iomap, address, &dax, length);
	return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(vma, address, pmd, dax.pfn, write);

unmap_fallback:
	dax_unmap_atomic(bdev, &dax);
fallback:
	trace_dax_pmd_insert_fallback(iomap, address, &dax, length);
	return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
}

i.e. we don't need need all those debug printks to tell us what
failed - the first tracepoint tells use everything about the context
we are about to check, and the last tracepoint tells us whether we
are falling back or about to try mapping a PMD.

If you really need custom printk output for debugging, then use
trace_printk() so that it shows up in the trace output along with
all the trace points....

Same goes for all the other pr_debug() cals in this code - they need
to go and be replaced with tracepoints.

> +int iomap_dax_pmd_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
> +		pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags, struct iomap_ops *ops)

dax_iomap_pmd_fault() - dax_ is the namespace prefix for the code in
fs/dax.c, not iomap_...

> +{
> +	struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
> +	unsigned long pmd_addr = address & PMD_MASK;
> +	bool write = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
> +	struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
> +	struct iomap iomap = { 0 };
> +	int error, result = 0;
> +	pgoff_t size, pgoff;
> +	struct vm_fault vmf;
> +	void *entry;
> +	loff_t pos;
> +
> +	/* dax pmd mappings require pfn_t_devmap() */
> +	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD))
> +		return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;

So we build all this stuff in, even if CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD=n?
Shouldn't we just have a simple function that returns
VM_FAULT_FALLBACK when CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD=n?

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@...morbit.com
--
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