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Date:   Thu, 20 Apr 2017 22:00:48 +0300
From:   Alexey Lyashkov <alexey.lyashkov@...il.com>
To:     linux-ext4 <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>
Cc:     Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>,
        Artem Blagodarenko <artem.blagodarenko@...il.com>
Subject: some large dir testing results

Hi All,

I run some testing on my environment with large dir patches provided by Artem.
Each test run a 11 loops with creating 20680000 mknod objects for normal dir, and 20680000 for large dir.
FS was reformatted before each test, files was created in root dir to have an allocate inodes and blocks from GD#0 and up.
Journal have a size - 4G and it was internal journal.
Kernel was RHEL 7.2 based with lustre patches.

Test script code
#!/bin/bash

LOOPS=11

for i in `seq ${LOOPS}`; do 
	mkfs -t ext4 -F -I 256 -J size=4096 ${DEV}
	mount -t ldiskfs ${DEV} ${MNT}
	pushd ${MNT}
	/usr/lib/lustre/tests/createmany -m test 20680000 >& /tmp/small-mknod${i}
	popd
	umount ${DEV}
done


for i in `seq ${LOOPS}`; do 
	mkfs -t ext4 -F -I 256 -J size=4096 -O large_dir ${DEV}
	mount -t ldiskfs ${DEV} ${MNT}
	pushd ${MNT}
	/usr/lib/lustre/tests/createmany -m test 206800000 >& /tmp/large-mknod${i}
	popd
	umount ${DEV}
done

Tests was run on two nodes - first node have a storage with raid10 of fast HDD’s, second node have a NMVE as block device.
Current directory code have a near of similar results for both nodes for first test:
 - HDD node 56k-65k creates/s
 - SSD node ~80k creates/s
But large_dir testing have a large differences for nodes.
- HDD node have a drop a creation rate to 11k create/s
- SSD node have drop to 46k create/s

Initial analyze say about several problems
0) CPU load isn’t high, and perf top say ldiskfs functions isn’t hot (2%-3% cpu), most spent for dir entry checking function.

1) lookup have a large time to read a directory block to verify file not exist. I think it because a block fragmentation.
[root@...k03 ~]# cat /proc/100993/stack
[<ffffffff81211b1e>] sleep_on_buffer+0xe/0x20
[<ffffffff812130da>] __wait_on_buffer+0x2a/0x30
[<ffffffffa0899e6c>] ldiskfs_bread+0x7c/0xc0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa088ee4a>] __ldiskfs_read_dirblock+0x4a/0x400 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08915af>] ldiskfs_dx_find_entry+0xef/0x200 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0891b8b>] ldiskfs_find_entry+0x4cb/0x570 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08921d5>] ldiskfs_lookup+0x75/0x230 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffff811e8e7d>] lookup_real+0x1d/0x50
[<ffffffff811e97f2>] __lookup_hash+0x42/0x60
[<ffffffff811ee848>] filename_create+0x98/0x180
[<ffffffff811ef6e1>] user_path_create+0x41/0x60
[<ffffffff811f084a>] SyS_mknodat+0xda/0x220
[<ffffffff811f09ad>] SyS_mknod+0x1d/0x20
[<ffffffff81645549>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[<ffffffffffffffff>] 0xffffffffffffffff
2) Some JBD problems when create thread have a wait a shadow BH from a committed transaction.
[root@...k03 ~]# cat /proc/100993/stack
[<ffffffffa06a072e>] sleep_on_shadow_bh+0xe/0x20 [jbd2]
[<ffffffffa06a1bad>] do_get_write_access+0x2dd/0x4e0 [jbd2]
[<ffffffffa06a1dd7>] jbd2_journal_get_write_access+0x27/0x40 [jbd2]
[<ffffffffa08c7cab>] __ldiskfs_journal_get_write_access+0x3b/0x80 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08ce817>] __ldiskfs_new_inode+0x447/0x1300 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08948c8>] ldiskfs_create+0xd8/0x190 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffff811eb42d>] vfs_create+0xcd/0x130
[<ffffffff811f0960>] SyS_mknodat+0x1f0/0x220
[<ffffffff811f09ad>] SyS_mknod+0x1d/0x20
[<ffffffff81645549>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[<ffffffffffffffff>] 0xffffffffffffffff
[root@...k03 ~]# cat /proc/100993/stack
[<ffffffffa06a072e>] sleep_on_shadow_bh+0xe/0x20 [jbd2]
[<ffffffffa06a1bad>] do_get_write_access+0x2dd/0x4e0 [jbd2]
[<ffffffffa06a1dd7>] jbd2_journal_get_write_access+0x27/0x40 [jbd2]
[<ffffffffa08c7cab>] __ldiskfs_journal_get_write_access+0x3b/0x80 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08a75bd>] ldiskfs_mb_mark_diskspace_used+0x7d/0x4f0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08abacc>] ldiskfs_mb_new_blocks+0x2ac/0x5d0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08db63d>] ldiskfs_ext_map_blocks+0x49d/0xed0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa08997d9>] ldiskfs_map_blocks+0x179/0x590 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0899c55>] ldiskfs_getblk+0x65/0x200 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0899e17>] ldiskfs_bread+0x27/0xc0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa088e3be>] ldiskfs_append+0x7e/0x150 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa088fb09>] do_split+0xa9/0x900 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0892bb2>] ldiskfs_dx_add_entry+0xc2/0xbc0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0894154>] ldiskfs_add_entry+0x254/0x6e0 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0894600>] ldiskfs_add_nondir+0x20/0x80 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffffa0894904>] ldiskfs_create+0x114/0x190 [ldiskfs]
[<ffffffff811eb42d>] vfs_create+0xcd/0x130
[<ffffffff811f0960>] SyS_mknodat+0x1f0/0x220
[<ffffffff811f09ad>] SyS_mknod+0x1d/0x20
[<ffffffff81645549>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

I know several jbd2 improvements by Kara isn’t landed into RHEL7, but i don’t think it will big improvement, as SSD have less perf drop.
I think perf dropped due additional seeks requested to have access to the dir data or inode allocation.

Alex

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