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Date:   Tue, 28 Nov 2017 15:27:47 -0600
From:   Ashlie Martinez <ashmrtn@...xas.edu>
To:     "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>
Cc:     Vijay Chidambaram <vvijay03@...il.com>,
        Ext4 <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: ext4 fix for interaction between i_size, fallocate, and delalloc
 after a crash

On Tue, Nov 28, 2017 at 2:45 PM, Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu> wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 28, 2017 at 07:04:54AM -0600, Ashlie Martinez wrote:
>> No biggie, part of the reason this was so hard for me to wrap my head
>> around is I don't have a physical machine that I can reproduce this on
>> (and I never got around to getting a GCE instance to test on). Not
>> being able to poke around a reproducing system makes it a little bit
>> harder for me to reason about :)
>
> This does reproduce easily using kvm-xfstests[1]; using gce-xfstests
> was not necessary.  That's actually how I debugged it, since kvm
> starts up in under 5 seconds, while starting up a cloud VM takes a bit
> longer.  So if you want a quick edit/compile/debug cycle, or if you
> attach a debugger to the running kernel, using kvm-xfstests is the
> right tool to use.  99% of the command syntax and test appliance
> implementation is the same between kvm-xfstests and gce-xfstests.

Unfortunately this timing bug only reproduces on some machines. Xiao
and I have been unable to reproduce this bug (I've tried kvm-xfstests,
my own kvm VMs, VMs without kvm, VMs with/without virtio drivers, and
another bare metal system). generic/456 basically sets up a race
condition between a kernel flusher thread and triggering dm-flakey, so
I think things like system load, core count, etc. might cause
different test results.

>
> [1] https://github.com/tytso/xfstests-bld/blob/master/Documentation/kvm-quickstart.md
>
> I've been trying to promote the use of kvm-xfstests for researchers
> who are interested in doing file system work.  So if you can help
> promote {kvm,gce}-xfstests amongst your fellow students and
> professors, that would be great!
>
>
> You can run the reproducer automatically via "kvm-xfstests -c 4k
> generic/456".  But you can also run "kvm-xfstests shell", and then run
> the following commands;
>
> kvm-xfstests# export FSTESTSET=generic/456
> kvm-xfstests# ./runtests.sh
>
> You can then edit the test script to add debugging commands; it can be
> found in /root/xfstests/tests/generic/456 and then rerun the tests
> using the "./runtests.sh" script.
>
> Sorry, the only editor available is /bin/ed.  If you want to use some
> other editor, and are willing to build your own test-appliance VM
> image instead of just downloading the rebuilt test applinace image,
> you can add it to the xfstests-packages file in the
> kvm-xfstests/test-appliance directory, and generate your own test
> appliance.  See [2] for more details.
>
> [2] https://github.com/tytso/xfstests-bld/blob/master/Documentation/building-rootfs.md
>
> This is actually how I figured out what was happening; I added
> commands such as "debugfs -R 'stat <11>'" so I could see was going on
> with the file system before the _flakey_drop_and_remount statement,
> and then varied the number of operations in the fsx operations to
> replay list.
>
> Regards,
>
>                                                 - Ted

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