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Date:   Tue, 9 Jan 2018 23:26:01 -0500
From:   Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
To:     Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:     Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2@....com.cn>, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, ebiggers@...gle.com, jack@...e.cz,
        zhong.weidong@....com.cn
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] fs/mbcache: make sure mb_cache_count() not return
 negative value.

On Mon, Jan 08, 2018 at 04:13:04PM -0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> I agree with Jan's comment.  We need to figure out how ->c_entry_count
> went negative.  mb_cache_count() says this state is "Unlikely, but not
> impossible", but from a quick read I can't see how this happens - it
> appears that coherency between ->c_list and ->c_entry_count is always
> maintained under ->c_list_lock?

I think I see the problem; and I think this should fix it.  Andrew,
Jan, can you review and double check my analysis?

Thanks,

     	     	    	       	     	- Ted

commit 18fb3649c7cd9e70f05045656c1888459d96dfe4
Author: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
Date:   Tue Jan 9 23:24:53 2018 -0500

    mbcache: fix potential double counting when removing entry
    
    Entries are removed from the mb_cache entry in two places:
    mb_cache_shrink() and mb_cache_entry_delete().  The mb_cache_shrink()
    function finds the entry to delete via the cache->c_list pointer,
    while mb_cache_entry_delete() finds the entry via the hash lists.
    
    If the two functions race with each other, trying to delete an entry
    at the same time, it's possible for cache->c_entry_count to get
    decremented twice for that one entry.  Fix this by checking to see if
    entry is still on the cache list before removing it and dropping
    c_entry_count.
    
    Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>

diff --git a/fs/mbcache.c b/fs/mbcache.c
index 49c5b25bfa8c..0851af5c1c3d 100644
--- a/fs/mbcache.c
+++ b/fs/mbcache.c
@@ -290,8 +290,10 @@ static unsigned long mb_cache_shrink(struct mb_cache *cache,
 			list_move_tail(&entry->e_list, &cache->c_list);
 			continue;
 		}
-		list_del_init(&entry->e_list);
-		cache->c_entry_count--;
+		if (!list_empty(&entry->e_list)) {
+			list_del_init(&entry->e_list);
+			cache->c_entry_count--;
+		}
 		/*
 		 * We keep LRU list reference so that entry doesn't go away
 		 * from under us.

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