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Date:   Thu, 7 Dec 2017 15:49:06 +0000
From:   alexander.levin@...izon.com
To:     "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "stable@...r.kernel.org" <stable@...r.kernel.org>
Cc:     Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@...hat.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "Mike Galbraith" <efault@....de>,
        Romulo Silva de Oliveira <romulo.deoliveira@...c.br>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        "Thomas Gleixner" <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Tommaso Cucinotta <tommaso.cucinotta@...up.it>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>, alexander.levin@...izon.com
Subject: [PATCH AUTOSEL for 4.9 049/156] sched/deadline: Make sure the
 replenishment timer fires in the next period

From: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@...hat.com>

[ Upstream commit 5ac69d37784b237707a7b15d199cdb6c6fdb6780 ]

Currently, the replenishment timer is set to fire at the deadline
of a task. Although that works for implicit deadline tasks because the
deadline is equals to the begin of the next period, that is not correct
for constrained deadline tasks (deadline < period).

For instance:

f.c:
 --------------- %< ---------------
int main (void)
{
	for(;;);
}
 --------------- >% ---------------

  # gcc -o f f.c

  # trace-cmd record -e sched:sched_switch                              \
				   -e syscalls:sys_exit_sched_setattr   \
   chrt -d --sched-runtime  490000000					\
           --sched-deadline 500000000					\
	   --sched-period  1000000000 0 ./f

  # trace-cmd report | grep "{pid of ./f}"

After setting parameters, the task is replenished and continue running
until being throttled:

         f-11295 [003] 13322.113776: sys_exit_sched_setattr: 0x0

The task is throttled after running 492318 ms, as expected:

         f-11295 [003] 13322.606094: sched_switch:   f:11295 [-1] R ==> watchdog/3:32 [0]

But then, the task is replenished 500719 ms after the first
replenishment:

    <idle>-0     [003] 13322.614495: sched_switch:   swapper/3:0 [120] R ==> f:11295 [-1]

Running for 490277 ms:

         f-11295 [003] 13323.104772: sched_switch:   f:11295 [-1] R ==>  swapper/3:0 [120]

Hence, in the first period, the task runs 2 * runtime, and that is a bug.

During the first replenishment, the next deadline is set one period away.
So the runtime / period starts to be respected. However, as the second
replenishment took place in the wrong instant, the next replenishment
will also be held in a wrong instant of time. Rather than occurring in
the nth period away from the first activation, it is taking place
in the (nth period - relative deadline).

Signed-off-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@...hat.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@...radead.org>
Reviewed-by: Luca Abeni <luca.abeni@...tannapisa.it>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Reviewed-by: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@....com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@....de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc: Romulo Silva de Oliveira <romulo.deoliveira@...c.br>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Tommaso Cucinotta <tommaso.cucinotta@...up.it>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/ac50d89887c25285b47465638354b63362f8adff.1488392936.git.bristot@...hat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@...izon.com>
---
 kernel/sched/deadline.c | 9 +++++++--
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/deadline.c b/kernel/sched/deadline.c
index b0598b2bad88..0a42be57054e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/deadline.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/deadline.c
@@ -505,10 +505,15 @@ static void update_dl_entity(struct sched_dl_entity *dl_se,
 	}
 }
 
+static inline u64 dl_next_period(struct sched_dl_entity *dl_se)
+{
+	return dl_se->deadline - dl_se->dl_deadline + dl_se->dl_period;
+}
+
 /*
  * If the entity depleted all its runtime, and if we want it to sleep
  * while waiting for some new execution time to become available, we
- * set the bandwidth enforcement timer to the replenishment instant
+ * set the bandwidth replenishment timer to the replenishment instant
  * and try to activate it.
  *
  * Notice that it is important for the caller to know if the timer
@@ -530,7 +535,7 @@ static int start_dl_timer(struct task_struct *p)
 	 * that it is actually coming from rq->clock and not from
 	 * hrtimer's time base reading.
 	 */
-	act = ns_to_ktime(dl_se->deadline);
+	act = ns_to_ktime(dl_next_period(dl_se));
 	now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(timer);
 	delta = ktime_to_ns(now) - rq_clock(rq);
 	act = ktime_add_ns(act, delta);
-- 
2.11.0

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