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Date:   Tue, 13 Mar 2018 23:59:30 +0000
From:   Al Viro <viro@...IV.linux.org.uk>
To:     John Ogness <john.ogness@...utronix.de>
Cc:     Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@....de>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@...utronix.de>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Eric Biederman <ebiederm@...ssion.com>
Subject: Re: dcache: remove trylock loops (was Re: [BUG] lock_parent()
 breakage when used from shrink_dentry_list())

On Tue, Mar 13, 2018 at 10:05:55PM +0100, John Ogness wrote:

> > +	rcu_read_lock();		/* to protect parent */
> > +	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
> > +	parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent);
> 
> The preceeding line should be removed. We already have a "parent" from
> before we did the most recent trylock().

Nope.  We have parent, yes, but it had been fetched outside of rcu_read_lock().
So the object it used to point to might have been already freed and we
can't do this:

> > +	spin_lock(&parent->d_lock);

To get rid of that reread we'd need to do this:
	rcu_read_lock();
        parent = dentry->d_parent;
        if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
                return true;
	}
        spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
        spin_lock(&parent->d_lock);
        if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) {
		....

Come to think of that, it might make sense to lift rcu_read_lock() all the
way out of that sucker.  Objections?  Below is the incremental I'd fold into
that commit:

diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index f0e73c93182b..0d1dac750c0a 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -1000,7 +1000,6 @@ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
 
 	inode = dentry->d_inode;
 	if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) {
-		rcu_read_lock();	/* to protect inode */
 		spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
 		spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
 		spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
@@ -1009,16 +1008,14 @@ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
 		/* changed inode means that somebody had grabbed it */
 		if (unlikely(inode != dentry->d_inode))
 			goto out;
-		rcu_read_unlock();
 	}
 
 	parent = dentry->d_parent;
+	/* parent will stay allocated until we drop rcu_read_lock */
 	if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock)))
 		return true;
 
-	rcu_read_lock();		/* to protect parent */
 	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
-	parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent);
 	spin_lock(&parent->d_lock);
 	if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) {
 		spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
@@ -1026,14 +1023,11 @@ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
 		goto out;
 	}
 	spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
-	if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) {
-		rcu_read_unlock();
+	if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count))
 		return true;
-	}
 	spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
 out:
 	spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
-	rcu_read_unlock();
 	return false;
 }
 
@@ -1044,8 +1038,10 @@ static void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list)
 
 		dentry = list_entry(list->prev, struct dentry, d_lru);
 		spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+		rcu_read_lock();
 		if (!shrink_lock_dentry(dentry)) {
 			bool can_free = false;
+			rcu_read_unlock();
 			d_shrink_del(dentry);
 			if (dentry->d_lockref.count < 0)
 				can_free = dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MAY_FREE;
@@ -1054,6 +1050,7 @@ static void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list)
 				dentry_free(dentry);
 			continue;
 		}
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		d_shrink_del(dentry);
 		parent = dentry->d_parent;
 		__dentry_kill(dentry);

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