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Date:   Mon, 16 Apr 2018 13:35:26 -0600
From:   Mathieu Poirier <>
Subject: [PATCH 2/3] coresight: Add section for integration with the perf tools

Adding a section that document how to use the Coresight framework and
drivers from the perf tools.

Signed-off-by: Mathieu Poirier <>
 Documentation/trace/coresight.txt | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 50 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/coresight.txt b/Documentation/trace/coresight.txt
index 710c75b6c73f..8caae8050a60 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/coresight.txt
+++ b/Documentation/trace/coresight.txt
@@ -187,9 +187,18 @@ that can be performed on them (see "struct coresight_ops").  The
 specific to that component only.  "Implementation defined" customisations are
 expected to be accessed and controlled using those entries.
 How to use the tracer modules
+There is two ways to use the Coresight framework: 1) using the perf cmd line
+tools and 2) interacting directly with the Coresight devices using the sysFS
+interface.  Preference is given to the former as using the sysFS interface
+requires a deep understanding of the Coresight HW.  The following sections
+provide details on using both methods.
+1) Using the sysFS interface:
 Before trace collection can start, a coresight sink needs to be identify.
 There is no limit on the amount of sinks (nor sources) that can be enabled at
 any given moment.  As a generic operation, all device pertaining to the sink
@@ -295,6 +304,47 @@ Instruction     13570831        0x8026B584      E28DD00C        false   ADD
 Instruction     0       0x8026B588      E8BD8000        true    LDM      sp!,{pc}
 Timestamp                                       Timestamp: 17107041535
+2) Using perf framework:
+Coresight tracers are represented using the Perf framework's Performance
+Monitoring Unit (PMU) abstraction.  As such the perf framework takes charge of
+controlling when tracing gets enabled based on when the process of interest is
+scheduled.  When configured in a system, Coresight PMUs will be listed when
+queried by the perf command line tool:
+	linaro@...aro-nano:~$ ./perf list pmu
+		List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):
+		cs_etm//                                    [Kernel PMU event]
+	linaro@...aro-nano:~$
+Regardless of the number of tracers available in a system (usually equal to the
+amount of processor core), the "cs_etm" PMU will be listed only once.
+A Coresight PMU works the same way as any other PMUs, i.e the name of the PMU is
+listed along with configuration options within forward slashes '/'.  Since a
+Coresight system will typically have more than one sink, the name of the sink to
+work with needs to be specified as an event option.  Names for sink to choose
+from are listed in sysFS under ($SYSFS)/bus/coresight/devices:
+	root@...aro-nano:~# ls /sys/bus/coresight/devices/
+		20010000.etf   20040000.funnel  20100000.stm  22040000.etm
+		22140000.etm  230c0000.funnel  23240000.etm 20030000.tpiu
+		20070000.etr     20120000.replicator  220c0000.funnel
+		23040000.etm  23140000.etm     23340000.etm
+	root@...aro-nano:~# perf record -e cs_etm/@...70000.etr/u --per-thread program
+The syntax within the forward slashes '/' is important.  The '@' character
+tells the parser that a sink is about to be specified and that this is the IP
+to use for the trace session.
+More information on the above and other example on how to use Coresight with
+the perf tools can be found in the "" file of the openCSD gitHub
+repository [3].
 How to use the STM module

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