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Date:	Tue, 14 Jun 2011 16:30:07 +0300
From:	"Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@...hat.com>
To:	Shirley Ma <mashirle@...ibm.com>
Cc:	David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>,
	Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>,
	Avi Kivity <avi@...hat.com>, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH V7 0/4 net-next] macvtap/vhost TX zero-copy support

On Sat, May 28, 2011 at 12:14:37PM -0700, Shirley Ma wrote:
> This patchset add supports for TX zero-copy between guest and host
> kernel through vhost. It significantly reduces CPU utilization on the
> local host on which the guest is located (It reduced about 50% CPU usage
> for single stream test on the host, while 4K message size BW has
> increased about 50%). The patchset is based on previous submission and
> comments from the community regarding when/how to handle guest kernel
> buffers to be released. This is the simplest approach I can think of
> after comparing with several other solutions.
> 
> This patchset has integrated V3 review comments from community: 
> 
> 1. Add more comments on how to use device ZEROCOPY flag;
> 2. Change device ZEROCOPY to available bit 31
> 3. Fix skb header linear allocation when virtio_net GSO is not enabled
> 
> It has integrated V4 review comments from MST and Sridhar:
> 1. In vhost, using socket poll wake up for outstanding DMAs
> 2. Add detailed comments for vhost_zerocopy_signal_used call
> 3. Add sleep in vhost shutting down instead of busy-wait for outstanding
>    DMAs.
> 4. Copy small packets, don't do zero-copy callback in mavtap, mark it's
>    DMA done in vhost
> 5. change zerocopy to bool in macvtap.
> 
> It has integrated V5 review comments from MST and 
> Michał Mirosław <mirqus@...il.com>
> 1. Prevent userspace apps from holding skb userspace buffers by copying
> userspace buffers to kernel in skb_clone, skb_copy, pskb_copy,
> pskb_expand_head.
> 2. It is also used HIGHDMA, SG feature bits to enable ZEROCOPY to remove
> the dependency of a new feature bit, we can add it later when new
> feature bit is available.
> 
> It has integrated V6 review comments from Eric Dumazet.
> 1. Moving ubuf_info object from skb to caller, just use one pointer in
> skb_share_info to point ubuf_info object.
> 
> 2. Change the zero-copy size from 256 bytes to PAGE_SIZE (4K) because of
> the small message size performance issue.
> 
> 3. During vhost shutting down, release outstanding userspace buffers w/o
> waiting for lower device DMAs done if any. Do we really care about the
> possible wrong data being sent on the wire during shutting down?

Yes, we do. IMHO the right approach is to wait
for DMAs to be done - just use a sleep/wake up construct,
not a timed sleep.

> This patchset includes:
> 1/4: Add a new sock zero-copy flag, SOCK_ZEROCOPY;
> 
> 2/4: Add a new struct skb_ubuf_info in skb_share_info for userspace
> buffers release callback when lower device DMA has done for that skb,
> which is the last reference count gone; Or whenever skb_clone, skb_copy,
> pskb_copy, pskb_expand_head get call from tcpdump, filtering, these
> userspace buffers will be copied into kernel ... we don't want userspace
> apps to hold userspace buffers too long.
> 
> 3/4: Add vhost zero-copy callback in vhost when skb last refcnt is gone;
> add vhost_zerocopy_signal_used to notify guest to release TX skb
> buffers.
> 
> 4/4: Add macvtap zero-copy in lower device when sending packet is
> greater than PAGE_SIZE.
> 
> The patchset is built against linux-2.6.39. It has passed
> netperf/netserver multiple streams stress test, tcpdump
> suspended test, dynamically SG change test.
> 
> Single TCP_STREAM 120 secs test results 2.6.39-rc3 over ixgbe 10Gb NIC
> results:
> 
> Message BW(Gb/s)qemu-kvm (NumCPU)vhost-net(NumCPU) PerfTop irq/s
> 4K      7408.57         92.1%           22.6%           1229
> 4K(Orig)4913.17         118.1%          84.1%           2086    
> 8K      9129.90         89.3%           23.3%           1141
> 8K(Orig)7094.55         115.9%          84.7%           2157
> 16K     9178.81         89.1%           23.3%           1139
> 16K(Orig)8927.1         118.7%          83.4%           2262
> 64K     9171.43         88.4%           24.9%           1253
> 64K(Orig)9085.85        115.9%          82.4%           2229
> 
> For message size less or equal than 2K, there is a known KVM guest TX
> overrun issue. With this zero-copy patch, the issue becomes more severe,
> guest io_exits has tripled than before, so the performance is not good.
> Once the TX overrun problem has been addressed, I will retest the small
> message size performance.
> 
>  drivers/net/macvtap.c  |  131
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>  drivers/vhost/net.c    |   45 ++++++++++++++++-
>  drivers/vhost/vhost.c  |   51 +++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/vhost/vhost.h  |   15 ++++++
>  include/linux/skbuff.h |   25 +++++++++
>  include/net/sock.h     |    1 +
>  net/core/skbuff.c      |   83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  7 files changed, 338 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
> 
> 
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