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Date:   Sat, 25 Mar 2017 19:37:12 +0300
From:   Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@...il.com>
To:     David Laight <David.Laight@...LAB.COM>
Cc:     "steffen.klassert@...unet.com" <steffen.klassert@...unet.com>,
        "herbert@...dor.apana.org.au" <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>,
        "davem@...emloft.net" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] xfrm: branchless addr4_match() on 64-bit

On Fri, Mar 24, 2017 at 05:16:44PM +0000, David Laight wrote:
> From: Alexey Dobriyan
> > Sent: 23 March 2017 23:33
> > Current addr4_match() code has special test for /0 prefixes because of
> > standard required undefined behaviour. However, it is possible to omit
> > it on 64-bit because shifting can be done in a 64-bit register and then
> > truncated to the expected value (which is 0 mask).
> > 
> > Implicit truncation by htonl() fits nicely into R32-within-R64 model
> > on x86-64.
> ...
> >  static inline bool addr4_match(__be32 a1, __be32 a2, u8 prefixlen)
> >  {
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
> > +	/* L in UL is not a typo. */
> > +	return !((a1 ^ a2) & htonl(~0UL << (32 - prefixlen)));
> > +#else
> >  	/* C99 6.5.7 (3): u32 << 32 is undefined behaviour */
> >  	if (prefixlen == 0)
> >  		return true;
> >  	return !((a1 ^ a2) & htonl(0xFFFFFFFFu << (32 - prefixlen)));
> > +#endif
> 
> Can't this just be written:
> 
>   	if (sizeof (long) == 4 && prefixlen == 0)

Indeed.

>   		return true;
> 	return !((a1 ^ a2) & htonl(0xFFFFFFFFUL << (32 - prefixlen)));

0xFFFFFFFFUL is really long movabs, ~0UL is better.

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