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Date:   Mon, 16 Apr 2018 12:33:26 -0700
From:   Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>
To:     <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>, <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v3 09/10] bpf: btf: Add BTF support to libbpf

If the ".BTF" elf section exists, libbpf will try to create
a btf_fd (through BPF_BTF_LOAD).  If that fails, it will still
continue loading the bpf prog/map without the BTF.

If the bpf_object has a BTF loaded, it will create a map with the btf_fd.
libbpf will try to figure out the btf_key_id and btf_value_id of a map by
finding the BTF type with name "<map_name>_key" and "<map_name>_value".
If they cannot be found, it will continue without using the BTF.

Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...com>
---
 tools/lib/bpf/Build    |   2 +-
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c    |  92 +++++++++---
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h    |  16 +++
 tools/lib/bpf/btf.c    | 377 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/btf.h    |  22 +++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c | 148 +++++++++++++++++--
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h |   3 +
 7 files changed, 629 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/lib/bpf/btf.c
 create mode 100644 tools/lib/bpf/btf.h

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/Build b/tools/lib/bpf/Build
index 64c679d67109..6070e655042d 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/Build
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/Build
@@ -1 +1 @@
-libbpf-y := libbpf.o bpf.o nlattr.o
+libbpf-y := libbpf.o bpf.o nlattr.o btf.o
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
index acbb3f8b3bec..76b36cc16e7f 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
@@ -73,43 +73,76 @@ static inline int sys_bpf(enum bpf_cmd cmd, union bpf_attr *attr,
 	return syscall(__NR_bpf, cmd, attr, size);
 }
 
-int bpf_create_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
-			int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
-			__u32 map_flags, int node)
+int bpf_create_map_xattr(const struct bpf_create_map_attr *create_attr)
 {
-	__u32 name_len = name ? strlen(name) : 0;
+	__u32 name_len = create_attr->name ? strlen(create_attr->name) : 0;
 	union bpf_attr attr;
 
 	memset(&attr, '\0', sizeof(attr));
 
-	attr.map_type = map_type;
-	attr.key_size = key_size;
-	attr.value_size = value_size;
-	attr.max_entries = max_entries;
-	attr.map_flags = map_flags;
-	memcpy(attr.map_name, name, min(name_len, BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN - 1));
+	attr.map_type = create_attr->map_type;
+	attr.key_size = create_attr->key_size;
+	attr.value_size = create_attr->value_size;
+	attr.max_entries = create_attr->max_entries;
+	attr.map_flags = create_attr->map_flags;
+	memcpy(attr.map_name, create_attr->name,
+	       min(name_len, BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN - 1));
+	attr.numa_node = create_attr->numa_node;
+	attr.btf_fd = create_attr->btf_fd;
+	attr.btf_key_id = create_attr->btf_key_id;
+	attr.btf_value_id = create_attr->btf_value_id;
+
+	return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
 
+int bpf_create_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+			int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
+			__u32 map_flags, int node)
+{
+	struct bpf_create_map_attr map_attr = {};
+
+	map_attr.name = name;
+	map_attr.map_type = map_type;
+	map_attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+	map_attr.key_size = key_size;
+	map_attr.value_size = value_size;
+	map_attr.max_entries = max_entries;
 	if (node >= 0) {
-		attr.map_flags |= BPF_F_NUMA_NODE;
-		attr.numa_node = node;
+		map_attr.numa_node = node;
+		map_attr.map_flags |= BPF_F_NUMA_NODE;
 	}
 
-	return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+	return bpf_create_map_xattr(&map_attr);
 }
 
 int bpf_create_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, int key_size,
 		   int value_size, int max_entries, __u32 map_flags)
 {
-	return bpf_create_map_node(map_type, NULL, key_size, value_size,
-				   max_entries, map_flags, -1);
+	struct bpf_create_map_attr map_attr = {};
+
+	map_attr.map_type = map_type;
+	map_attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+	map_attr.key_size = key_size;
+	map_attr.value_size = value_size;
+	map_attr.max_entries = max_entries;
+
+	return bpf_create_map_xattr(&map_attr);
 }
 
 int bpf_create_map_name(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
 			int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
 			__u32 map_flags)
 {
-	return bpf_create_map_node(map_type, name, key_size, value_size,
-				   max_entries, map_flags, -1);
+	struct bpf_create_map_attr map_attr = {};
+
+	map_attr.name = name;
+	map_attr.map_type = map_type;
+	map_attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+	map_attr.key_size = key_size;
+	map_attr.value_size = value_size;
+	map_attr.max_entries = max_entries;
+
+	return bpf_create_map_xattr(&map_attr);
 }
 
 int bpf_create_map_in_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
@@ -573,3 +606,28 @@ int bpf_set_link_xdp_fd(int ifindex, int fd, __u32 flags)
 	close(sock);
 	return ret;
 }
+
+int bpf_load_btf(void *btf, __u32 btf_size, char *log_buf, __u32 log_buf_size,
+		 bool do_log)
+{
+	union bpf_attr attr = {};
+	int fd;
+
+	attr.btf = ptr_to_u64(btf);
+	attr.btf_size = btf_size;
+
+retry:
+	if (do_log && log_buf && log_buf_size) {
+		attr.btf_log_level = 1;
+		attr.btf_log_size = log_buf_size;
+		attr.btf_log_buf = ptr_to_u64(log_buf);
+	}
+
+	fd = sys_bpf(BPF_BTF_LOAD, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+	if (fd == -1 && !do_log && log_buf && log_buf_size) {
+		do_log = true;
+		goto retry;
+	}
+
+	return fd;
+}
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
index 39f6a0d64a3b..01bda076310f 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
@@ -26,6 +26,20 @@
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
 #include <stddef.h>
 
+struct bpf_create_map_attr {
+	const char *name;
+	enum bpf_map_type map_type;
+	__u32 map_flags;
+	__u32 key_size;
+	__u32 value_size;
+	__u32 max_entries;
+	__u32 numa_node;
+	__u32 btf_fd;
+	__u32 btf_key_id;
+	__u32 btf_value_id;
+};
+
+int bpf_create_map_xattr(const struct bpf_create_map_attr *create_attr);
 int bpf_create_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
 			int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
 			__u32 map_flags, int node);
@@ -87,4 +101,6 @@ int bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(int prog_fd, void *info, __u32 *info_len);
 int bpf_prog_query(int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type, __u32 query_flags,
 		   __u32 *attach_flags, __u32 *prog_ids, __u32 *prog_cnt);
 int bpf_raw_tracepoint_open(const char *name, int prog_fd);
+int bpf_load_btf(void *btf, __u32 btf_size, char *log_buf, __u32 log_buf_size,
+		 bool do_log);
 #endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b6e13e83dded
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,377 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (c) 2018 Facebook */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/btf.h>
+#include "btf.h"
+#include "bpf.h"
+
+#define elog(fmt, ...) { if (err_log) err_log(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); }
+#define max(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
+#define min(a, b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
+
+#define BTF_MAX_NR_TYPES 65535
+
+static struct btf_type btf_void;
+
+struct btf {
+	union {
+		struct btf_header *hdr;
+		void *data;
+	};
+	struct btf_type **types;
+	const char *strings;
+	void *nohdr_data;
+	uint32_t nr_types;
+	uint32_t types_size;
+	uint32_t data_size;
+	int fd;
+};
+
+static const char *btf_name_by_offset(const struct btf *btf, uint32_t offset)
+{
+	if (!BTF_STR_TBL_ELF_ID(offset) &&
+	    BTF_STR_OFFSET(offset) < btf->hdr->str_len)
+		return &btf->strings[BTF_STR_OFFSET(offset)];
+	else
+		return NULL;
+}
+
+static int btf_add_type(struct btf *btf, struct btf_type *t)
+{
+	if (btf->types_size - btf->nr_types < 2) {
+		struct btf_type **new_types;
+		u32 expand_by, new_size;
+
+		if (btf->types_size == BTF_MAX_NR_TYPES)
+			return -E2BIG;
+
+		expand_by = max(btf->types_size >> 2, 16);
+		new_size = min(BTF_MAX_NR_TYPES, btf->types_size + expand_by);
+
+		new_types = realloc(btf->types, sizeof(*new_types) * new_size);
+		if (!new_types)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		if (btf->nr_types == 0)
+			new_types[0] = &btf_void;
+
+		btf->types = new_types;
+		btf->types_size = new_size;
+	}
+
+	btf->types[++(btf->nr_types)] = t;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int btf_parse_hdr(struct btf *btf, btf_print_fn_t err_log)
+{
+	const struct btf_header *hdr = btf->hdr;
+	u32 meta_left;
+
+	if (btf->data_size < sizeof(struct btf_header)) {
+		elog("BTF header not found\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (hdr->magic != BTF_MAGIC) {
+		elog("Invalid BTF magic:%x\n", hdr->magic);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (hdr->version != BTF_VERSION) {
+		elog("Unsupported BTF version:%u\n", hdr->version);
+		return -ENOTSUP;
+	}
+
+	if (hdr->flags) {
+		elog("Unsupported BTF flags:%x\n", hdr->flags);
+		return -ENOTSUP;
+	}
+
+	meta_left = btf->data_size - sizeof(*hdr);
+	if (!meta_left) {
+		elog("BTF has no data\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (meta_left < hdr->type_off) {
+		elog("Invalid BTF type section offset:%u\n", hdr->type_off);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (meta_left < hdr->str_off) {
+		elog("Invalid BTF string section offset:%u\n", hdr->str_off);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (hdr->type_off >= hdr->str_off) {
+		elog("BTF type section offset >= string section offset. No type?\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (hdr->type_off & 0x02) {
+		elog("BTF type section is not aligned to 4 bytes\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	btf->nohdr_data = btf->hdr + 1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int btf_parse_str_sec(struct btf *btf, btf_print_fn_t err_log)
+{
+	const struct btf_header *hdr = btf->hdr;
+	const char *start = btf->nohdr_data + hdr->str_off;
+	const char *end = start + btf->hdr->str_len;
+
+	if (!hdr->str_len || hdr->str_len - 1 > BTF_MAX_NAME_OFFSET ||
+	    start[0] || end[-1]) {
+		elog("Invalid BTF string section\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	btf->strings = start;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int btf_parse_type_sec(struct btf *btf, btf_print_fn_t err_log)
+{
+	struct btf_header *hdr = btf->hdr;
+	void *nohdr_data = btf->nohdr_data;
+	void *next_type = nohdr_data + hdr->type_off;
+	void *end_type = nohdr_data + hdr->str_off;
+
+	while (next_type < end_type) {
+		struct btf_type *t = next_type;
+		uint16_t vlen = BTF_INFO_VLEN(t->info);
+		int err;
+
+		next_type += sizeof(*t);
+		switch (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)) {
+		case BTF_KIND_INT:
+			next_type += sizeof(int);
+			break;
+		case BTF_KIND_ARRAY:
+			next_type += sizeof(struct btf_array);
+			break;
+		case BTF_KIND_STRUCT:
+		case BTF_KIND_UNION:
+			next_type += vlen * sizeof(struct btf_member);
+			break;
+		case BTF_KIND_ENUM:
+			next_type += vlen * sizeof(struct btf_enum);
+			break;
+		case BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF:
+		case BTF_KIND_PTR:
+		case BTF_KIND_FWD:
+		case BTF_KIND_VOLATILE:
+		case BTF_KIND_CONST:
+		case BTF_KIND_RESTRICT:
+			break;
+		case BTF_KIND_FLOAT:
+		case BTF_KIND_FUNC:
+		default:
+			elog("Unsupported BTF_KIND:%u\n",
+			     BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info));
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		err = btf_add_type(btf, t);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct btf_type *btf_type_by_id(const struct btf *btf,
+					     uint32_t type_id)
+{
+	if (type_id > btf->nr_types)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return btf->types[type_id];
+}
+
+static bool btf_type_is_void(const struct btf_type *t)
+{
+	return t == &btf_void || BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_FWD;
+}
+
+static bool btf_type_is_void_or_null(const struct btf_type *t)
+{
+	return !t || btf_type_is_void(t);
+}
+
+static int64_t btf_type_size(const struct btf_type *t)
+{
+	switch (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)) {
+	case BTF_KIND_INT:
+	case BTF_KIND_FLOAT:
+	case BTF_KIND_STRUCT:
+	case BTF_KIND_UNION:
+	case BTF_KIND_ENUM:
+		return t->size;
+	case BTF_KIND_PTR:
+		return sizeof(void *);
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	};
+}
+
+#define MAX_RESOLVE_DEPTH 32
+
+int64_t btf__resolve_size(const struct btf *btf, uint32_t type_id)
+{
+	const struct btf_array *array;
+	const struct btf_type *t;
+	uint32_t nelems = 1;
+	int64_t size = -1;
+	int i;
+
+	t = btf_type_by_id(btf, type_id);
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_RESOLVE_DEPTH && !btf_type_is_void_or_null(t);
+	     i++) {
+		size = btf_type_size(t);
+		if (size >= 0)
+			break;
+
+		switch (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)) {
+		case BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF:
+		case BTF_KIND_VOLATILE:
+		case BTF_KIND_CONST:
+		case BTF_KIND_RESTRICT:
+			type_id = t->type;
+			break;
+		case BTF_KIND_ARRAY:
+			array = (const struct btf_array *)(t + 1);
+			if (nelems && array->nelems > UINT32_MAX / nelems)
+				return -E2BIG;
+			nelems *= array->nelems;
+			type_id = array->type;
+			break;
+		default:
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		t = btf_type_by_id(btf, type_id);
+	}
+
+	if (size < 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (nelems && size > UINT32_MAX / nelems)
+		return -E2BIG;
+
+	return nelems * size;
+}
+
+int32_t btf__find_by_name(const struct btf *btf, const char *type_name)
+{
+	uint32_t i;
+
+	if (!strcmp(type_name, "void"))
+		return 0;
+
+	for (i = 1; i <= btf->nr_types; i++) {
+		const struct btf_type *t = btf->types[i];
+		const char *name = btf_name_by_offset(btf, t->name);
+
+		if (name && !strcmp(type_name, name))
+			return i;
+	}
+
+	return -ENOENT;
+}
+
+void btf__free(struct btf *btf)
+{
+	if (!btf)
+		return;
+
+	if (btf->fd != -1)
+		close(btf->fd);
+
+	free(btf->data);
+	free(btf->types);
+	free(btf);
+}
+
+struct btf *btf__new(uint8_t *data, uint32_t size,
+		     btf_print_fn_t err_log)
+{
+	uint32_t log_buf_size = 0;
+	char *log_buf = NULL;
+	struct btf *btf;
+	int err;
+
+	btf = calloc(1, sizeof(struct btf));
+	if (!btf)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	btf->fd = -1;
+
+	if (err_log) {
+		log_buf = malloc(BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE);
+		if (!log_buf) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto done;
+		}
+		*log_buf = 0;
+		log_buf_size = BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE;
+	}
+
+	btf->data = malloc(size);
+	if (!btf->data) {
+		err = -ENOMEM;
+		goto done;
+	}
+
+	memcpy(btf->data, data, size);
+	btf->data_size = size;
+
+	btf->fd = bpf_load_btf(btf->data, btf->data_size,
+			       log_buf, log_buf_size, false);
+
+	if (btf->fd == -1) {
+		err = -errno;
+		elog("Error loading BTF: %s(%d)\n", strerror(errno), errno);
+		if (log_buf && *log_buf)
+			elog("%s\n", log_buf);
+		goto done;
+	}
+
+	err = btf_parse_hdr(btf, err_log);
+	if (err)
+		goto done;
+
+	err = btf_parse_str_sec(btf, err_log);
+	if (err)
+		goto done;
+
+	err = btf_parse_type_sec(btf, err_log);
+
+done:
+	free(log_buf);
+
+	if (err) {
+		btf__free(btf);
+		return ERR_PTR(err);
+	}
+
+	return btf;
+}
+
+int btf__fd(const struct btf *btf)
+{
+	return btf->fd;
+}
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..74bb344035bb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (c) 2018 Facebook */
+
+#ifndef __BPF_BTF_H
+#define __BPF_BTF_H
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+#define BTF_ELF_SEC ".BTF"
+
+struct btf;
+
+typedef int (*btf_print_fn_t)(const char *, ...)
+	__attribute__((format(printf, 1, 2)));
+
+void btf__free(struct btf *btf);
+struct btf *btf__new(uint8_t *data, uint32_t size, btf_print_fn_t err_log);
+int32_t btf__find_by_name(const struct btf *btf, const char *type_name);
+int64_t btf__resolve_size(const struct btf *btf, uint32_t type_id);
+int btf__fd(const struct btf *btf);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index 5922443063f0..59340bf4fc58 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@
 
 #include "libbpf.h"
 #include "bpf.h"
+#include "btf.h"
 
 #ifndef EM_BPF
 #define EM_BPF 247
@@ -212,6 +213,8 @@ struct bpf_map {
 	char *name;
 	size_t offset;
 	struct bpf_map_def def;
+	uint32_t btf_key_id;
+	uint32_t btf_value_id;
 	void *priv;
 	bpf_map_clear_priv_t clear_priv;
 };
@@ -256,6 +259,8 @@ struct bpf_object {
 	 */
 	struct list_head list;
 
+	struct btf *btf;
+
 	void *priv;
 	bpf_object_clear_priv_t clear_priv;
 
@@ -819,7 +824,15 @@ static int bpf_object__elf_collect(struct bpf_object *obj)
 							data->d_size);
 		else if (strcmp(name, "maps") == 0)
 			obj->efile.maps_shndx = idx;
-		else if (sh.sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB) {
+		else if (strcmp(name, BTF_ELF_SEC) == 0) {
+			obj->btf = btf__new(data->d_buf, data->d_size,
+					    __pr_debug);
+			if (IS_ERR(obj->btf)) {
+				pr_warning("Error loading ELF section %s: %ld. Ignored and continue.\n",
+					   BTF_ELF_SEC, PTR_ERR(obj->btf));
+				obj->btf = NULL;
+			}
+		} else if (sh.sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB) {
 			if (obj->efile.symbols) {
 				pr_warning("bpf: multiple SYMTAB in %s\n",
 					   obj->path);
@@ -996,33 +1009,126 @@ bpf_program__collect_reloc(struct bpf_program *prog, GElf_Shdr *shdr,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int bpf_map_find_btf_info(struct bpf_map *map, const struct btf *btf)
+{
+	struct bpf_map_def *def = &map->def;
+	const size_t max_name = 256;
+	int64_t key_size, value_size;
+	int32_t key_id, value_id;
+	char name[max_name];
+
+	/* Find key type by name from BTF */
+	if (snprintf(name, max_name, "%s_key", map->name) == max_name) {
+		pr_warning("map:%s length of BTF key_type:%s_key is too long\n",
+			   map->name, map->name);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	key_id = btf__find_by_name(btf, name);
+	if (key_id < 0) {
+		pr_debug("map:%s key_type:%s cannot be found in BTF\n",
+			 map->name, name);
+		return key_id;
+	}
+
+	key_size = btf__resolve_size(btf, key_id);
+	if (key_size < 0) {
+		pr_warning("map:%s key_type:%s cannot get the BTF type_size\n",
+			   map->name, name);
+		return key_size;
+	}
+
+	if (def->key_size != key_size) {
+		pr_warning("map:%s key_type:%s has BTF type_size:%ld != key_size:%u\n",
+			   map->name, name, key_size, def->key_size);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* Find value type from BTF */
+	if (snprintf(name, max_name, "%s_value", map->name) == max_name) {
+		pr_warning("map:%s length of BTF value_type:%s_value is too long\n",
+			  map->name, map->name);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	value_id = btf__find_by_name(btf, name);
+	if (value_id < 0) {
+		pr_debug("map:%s value_type:%s cannot be found in BTF\n",
+			 map->name, name);
+		return value_id;
+	}
+
+	value_size = btf__resolve_size(btf, value_id);
+	if (value_size < 0) {
+		pr_warning("map:%s value_type:%s cannot get the BTF type_size\n",
+			   map->name, name);
+		return value_size;
+	}
+
+	if (def->value_size != value_size) {
+		pr_warning("map:%s value_type:%s has BTF type_size:%ld != value_size:%u\n",
+			   map->name, name, value_size, def->value_size);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	map->btf_key_id = key_id;
+	map->btf_value_id = value_id;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int
 bpf_object__create_maps(struct bpf_object *obj)
 {
+	struct bpf_create_map_attr create_attr = {};
 	unsigned int i;
+	int err;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < obj->nr_maps; i++) {
-		struct bpf_map_def *def = &obj->maps[i].def;
-		int *pfd = &obj->maps[i].fd;
-
-		*pfd = bpf_create_map_name(def->type,
-					   obj->maps[i].name,
-					   def->key_size,
-					   def->value_size,
-					   def->max_entries,
-					   def->map_flags);
+		struct bpf_map *map = &obj->maps[i];
+		struct bpf_map_def *def = &map->def;
+		int *pfd = &map->fd;
+
+		create_attr.name = map->name;
+		create_attr.map_type = def->type;
+		create_attr.map_flags = def->map_flags;
+		create_attr.key_size = def->key_size;
+		create_attr.value_size = def->value_size;
+		create_attr.max_entries = def->max_entries;
+		create_attr.btf_fd = 0;
+		create_attr.btf_key_id = 0;
+		create_attr.btf_value_id = 0;
+
+		if (obj->btf && !bpf_map_find_btf_info(map, obj->btf)) {
+			create_attr.btf_fd = btf__fd(obj->btf);
+			create_attr.btf_key_id = map->btf_key_id;
+			create_attr.btf_value_id = map->btf_value_id;
+		}
+
+		*pfd = bpf_create_map_xattr(&create_attr);
+		if (*pfd < 0 && create_attr.btf_key_id) {
+			pr_warning("Error in bpf_create_map_xattr(%s):%s(%d). Retrying without BTF.\n",
+				   map->name, strerror(errno), errno);
+			create_attr.btf_fd = 0;
+			create_attr.btf_key_id = 0;
+			create_attr.btf_value_id = 0;
+			map->btf_key_id = 0;
+			map->btf_value_id = 0;
+			*pfd = bpf_create_map_xattr(&create_attr);
+		}
+
 		if (*pfd < 0) {
 			size_t j;
-			int err = *pfd;
 
+			err = *pfd;
 			pr_warning("failed to create map (name: '%s'): %s\n",
-				   obj->maps[i].name,
+				   map->name,
 				   strerror(errno));
 			for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
 				zclose(obj->maps[j].fd);
 			return err;
 		}
-		pr_debug("create map %s: fd=%d\n", obj->maps[i].name, *pfd);
+		pr_debug("create map %s: fd=%d\n", map->name, *pfd);
 	}
 
 	return 0;
@@ -1641,6 +1747,7 @@ void bpf_object__close(struct bpf_object *obj)
 
 	bpf_object__elf_finish(obj);
 	bpf_object__unload(obj);
+	btf__free(obj->btf);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < obj->nr_maps; i++) {
 		zfree(&obj->maps[i].name);
@@ -1692,6 +1799,11 @@ unsigned int bpf_object__kversion(struct bpf_object *obj)
 	return obj ? obj->kern_version : 0;
 }
 
+int bpf_object__btf_fd(const struct bpf_object *obj)
+{
+	return obj->btf ? btf__fd(obj->btf) : -1;
+}
+
 int bpf_object__set_priv(struct bpf_object *obj, void *priv,
 			 bpf_object_clear_priv_t clear_priv)
 {
@@ -1929,6 +2041,16 @@ const char *bpf_map__name(struct bpf_map *map)
 	return map ? map->name : NULL;
 }
 
+uint32_t bpf_map__btf_key_id(const struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+	return map ? map->btf_key_id : 0;
+}
+
+uint32_t bpf_map__btf_value_id(const struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+	return map ? map->btf_value_id : 0;
+}
+
 int bpf_map__set_priv(struct bpf_map *map, void *priv,
 		     bpf_map_clear_priv_t clear_priv)
 {
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index a3a62a583f27..bd53c2f50048 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ int bpf_object__load(struct bpf_object *obj);
 int bpf_object__unload(struct bpf_object *obj);
 const char *bpf_object__name(struct bpf_object *obj);
 unsigned int bpf_object__kversion(struct bpf_object *obj);
+int bpf_object__btf_fd(const struct bpf_object *obj);
 
 struct bpf_object *bpf_object__next(struct bpf_object *prev);
 #define bpf_object__for_each_safe(pos, tmp)			\
@@ -239,6 +240,8 @@ bpf_map__next(struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_object *obj);
 int bpf_map__fd(struct bpf_map *map);
 const struct bpf_map_def *bpf_map__def(struct bpf_map *map);
 const char *bpf_map__name(struct bpf_map *map);
+uint32_t bpf_map__btf_key_id(const struct bpf_map *map);
+uint32_t bpf_map__btf_value_id(const struct bpf_map *map);
 
 typedef void (*bpf_map_clear_priv_t)(struct bpf_map *, void *);
 int bpf_map__set_priv(struct bpf_map *map, void *priv,
-- 
2.9.5

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