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Date: Wed, 23 Mar 2016 09:10:37 -0700
From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>
To: discussions <discussions@...sword-hashing.net>
Subject: Re: [PHC] hash encryption

On Tue, Mar 22, 2016 at 9:38 PM, Samuel Neves <sneves@....uc.pt> wrote:
> On 23/03/2016 03:41, Solar Designer wrote:
>> Hi,
>>
>> I am planning to release yescrypt 1.0 later this year.  One planned
>> feature that stayed on my to-do list so far is builtin support for
>> (re-)encryption of hashes.
>>
>> One way to do it would be to use a block cipher like AES.  However,
>> yescrypt does not normally use any block cipher, and bringing in an
>> extra crypto primitive just for this one feature is not great.
>>
>> Another way would be to reuse the salt as IV when reusing an already
>> available hash function as a stream cipher.  However, this increases
>> reliance on salts being unique.
>>
>> Yet another way would be to create a block cipher out of a hash, using
>> the Luby-Rackoff construction.  This is my current preference.
>>
>> Attached is an implementation of a 256-bit block cipher based on
>> SHA-256 (which yescrypt has anyway).  I'd appreciate a review.
>
> Underlying the SHA-256 compression function there is already a block cipher, often known as SHACAL-2. It is used in
> Davies-Meyer mode (SHACAL-2(key, block) + block) to turn it into a compression function. Turning SHA-256 into a Feistel
> block cipher seems like overkill, but obviously works.
>
> Alternatively, sticking with primitives already in (ye)scrypt, one can reuse the underlying permutation of Salsa20 to
> turn it into an Even-Mansour block cipher---P(block xor key) xor key.
>

A while ago, I looked, and it seemed like all the security analysis of
the Salsa20 permutation assumed that a bunch of the input words to the
core permutation were fixed.  In the Even-Mansour scheme, they would
be under strong attacker control.  Did I miss something?

--Andy

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