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Date: Tue, 30 Jan 2007 17:12:04 +0200 (IST)
From: Alexander Klimov <>
Subject: Re: Defeating CAPTCHAs via Averaging

On Sat, 27 Jan 2007 wrote:
> The detailed article (including sample images) is online here:
>> To extract a series of captchas with the same information (number)
>> in them, it is sufficient to repeatedly call their captcha
>> generator.

I am not sure I understand how you propose to build an automatic
system to attack it: If you can tell that two images contain the same
number then it is very likely that you can recognize the numbers
themselves (there are only 10 different digits). OTOH, if you have a
human in the loop, they can just use gimp to create the averaged
figure images from a single image per figure, and then use these
templates to calculate correlation in different places of a given

> Do not produce images with noise-like distortions. For example,
> moving and rotaing individual letters by a large enough
> distance/angle will spoil averaging by reducing the contrast in
> averaged images.

If the number of distinct tuples (position, angle) is not a very large
number, the correlation attack will work anyway (and I doubt that it
is possible to make the number large, because the attacker can try to
start with a scaled down image and templates).


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