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Date: Fri, 29 May 2009 15:14:19 +1000
From: Patrick Webster <patrick@...hack.com>
To: bugtraq@...urityfocus.com
Subject: SonicWALL SSL-VPN Appliance Format String Vulnerability

aushack.com - Vulnerability Advisory
-----------------------------------------------
Release Date:
 29-May-2009

Software:
 SonicWALL - SSL-VPN Remote Access
 http://www.sonicwall.com/

Description:
 "SonicWALL SSL VPN appliances provide small and mid-size organizations an
 easy-to-use, secure and affordable remote access solution that requires no
 pre-installed client software. Utilizing a standard Web browser, authorized
 users such as employees, contractors, partners and customers, can easily and
 securely access e-mail, files, intranets, Web and legacy applications
 and remote desktops from any location."

Versions affected:
 SonicWALL SSL-VPN 2000/4000 3.5.0.4 and below.
 SonicWALL SSL-VPN 200 3.0.0.8 and below.


Vulnerability discovered:

 Format string vulnerability.

Vulnerability impact:

 High - Remote code execution, and the ability to remotely map out the
internal memory structures.

Vulnerability information:

 This vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute format string specifiers
 on the remote appliance as an unauthenticated user.

 The device uses a HTML form, where failed authentication results in an error:
 "Login failed - Incorrect name/password"

 https://[target]/cgi-bin/welcome/VirtualOffice?err=Login%20failed%20-%20Incorrect%20name%2Fpassword

 By inserting format strings instead of expected input, the statement
is interpreted
 by printf() and the result is returned in a HTTP GET response.

 Examples:

 The following GET request will result in "ABCD0044434241" being returned.

 https://[target]/cgi-bin/welcome/VirtualOffice?err=ABCD%x%x%x

 0x44434241 is the little endian hexadecimal representation for ABCD.

 It is possible to read memory remotely by specifying further format
 strings, such as:

 https://[target]/cgi-bin/welcome/VirtualOffice?err=%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x%x

 returns

 "007825782578257825782578257825782578257825782578257825782578257825782578257825782578257825782578254007120040304d8cbffff22840221389804b1e04007127925000"

 This may reveal sensitive information.

 Attempts to write to memory result in an error, indicating that an
access violation
 may have occurred, therefore remote code execution is likely possible
with further research (i.e. physical access :).

 https://[target]/cgi-bin/welcome/VirtualOffice?err=%n

 "Sorry, the SSL-VPN you are trying to reach is unavailable at this
time. Please try again later."

References:
 aushack.com advisory
 http://www.aushack.com/200905-sonicwall.txt

Credit:
 Patrick Webster ( patrick@...hack.com )

Disclosure timeline:
 12-Jan-2009 - Discovered during audit.
 09-Feb-2009 - 1st email sent to security@...icwall.com. No response.
 27-Feb-2009 - 2nd email sent to security@...icwall.com. No response.
 01-May-2009 - Asked contacts within the security industry for
SonicWALL contact.
 07-May-2009 - Received email from SonicWALL contact.
 08-May-2009 - Sent details to SonicWALL contact.
 15-May-2009 - SSL 200 - 3.0.0.9 fix released.
 27-May-2009 - SSL 2000/4000 - 3.5.0.5 fix released.
 29-May-2009 - Public disclosure.

EOF

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