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From: shaunige at yahoo.co.uk (Shaun Colley)
Subject: Texutil symlink vulnerability.

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

Product:      texutil
Versions:     All     
Bug:          Symlink bug
Impact:       Attackers can overwrite arbitrary files
              with the privileges of the invoking user
Risk:         Medium
Date:         April 4, 2004
Author:       Shaun Colley
              Email: shaunige yahoo co uk
              WWW: http://www.nettwerked.co.uk

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*



Introduction
#############

Vendor description:
---

"When processing a text, ConTEXt saves table and index
entries, cross references, and
some more information in a so called utility file.
After a successful run, this file is
converted into a format suitable for the next run.
This conversion is done by TEXutil,
a Perl script that comes with the ConTEXt
distribution." - Taken from the texutil man page.
---

Texutil is prone to a symlink vulnerability when
writing output to a hardcoded logfile, when the
'--silent' option is supplied when the texutil script
is invoked.



Details
########

Texutil is prone to a symlink vulnerability when
writing to a pre-defined logfile, which may allow
local users to overwrite arbitrary files with the
privileges of the invoking user of texutil.  This
issue manifests when a user supplies the '--silent'
switch at the shell.  When the texutil script is
invoked with the '--silent' flag, all standard output
is redirected to a hardcoded log file, 'texutil.log',
in the current directory.  

Below is the offending code:

--- /usr/bin/texutil snippet ---
$ProgramLog = "texutil.log" ;

sub RedirectTerminal
  { open SAVEDSTDOUT, ">&STDOUT" ;
    open STDOUT, ">$ProgramLog" ;
    select STDOUT; $| = 1 }

#D And, indeed:

if ($ProcessSilent)
  { RedirectTerminal }
else
  { $ProcessVerbose = 0 }
--- EOC ---

When the command line flags are parsed, $ProcessSilent
is set if '--silent' is supplied.

As one can see, the above code checks for the
existance of the $ProcessSilent variable, indicating
'--silent' was given, and calls the RedirectTerminal
sub-routine, which redirects standard output to
'texutil.log' - otherwise, texutil output is printed
to STDOUT.

However, when the 'texutil.log' file is opened, checks
aren't performed to ensure that a symlink doesn't
exist, or otherwise:

---
open STDOUT, ">$ProgramLog" ;
---

This line simply opens the logfile (texutil.log) with
the 'write, truncate' open() code, thus clobbering
*all* data already in 'texutil.log'.  Due to the lack
of file checks on 'texutil.log', a possibility of
exploitation exists.

If an attacker can somehow place a symlink in the
working directory of the invoking user of texutil to a
sensitive system file or otherwise, the attacker can
cause data to be overwritten/destroyed with the
privileges of the invoker of texutil.  If the user
running texutil was the root user, and their current
working directory was /tmp, almost any sensitive
system file could be destroyed.



Exploitation
#############

All that a would-be attacker needs to exploit this
flaw is the correct privileges to place a suitable
symlink in the working directory of the invoker on
texutil.

Below is an example scenario in which the
vulnerability is exploited to create a system file,
/etc/nologin.

--- attack ---
[root@...alhost shaun]# cd /tmp

[...]

[shaun@...alhost shaun]$ ls -al /etc/nologin
ls: /etc/nologin: No such file or directory
[shaun@...alhost shaun]$ cd /tmp
[shaun@...alhost tmp]$ ln -s /etc/nologin texutil.log

[...]

[root@...alhost tmp]# texutil --silent

[...]

[shaun@...alhost tmp]$ ls -al /etc/nologin
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root         1511 Apr  4
15:21 /etc/nologin
--- EO attack ---

After this attack, no users except root can log in,
due to the existance of /etc/nologin.

In the example attack above, the root user changed
directories to /tmp, whilst an attacker created a
symlink by the name of /tmp/texutil.log linked to
/etc/nologin.  Because of the non-existance of file
checks performed by texutil on 'texutil.log', the
symlink is followed, and /etc/nologin is written to by
root.  Obviously, more sensitive system files could be
overwritten/corrupted, but this scenario demonstrates
partial impact.

It should be noted that the attacker would need to
have sufficient privileges to write to the working
directory of the invoker of texutil, so as to create a
symlink.  However, this isn't really infeasible.



Solution
#########

I contacted the author of texutil on 25 March 2004,
but I haven't received any response, so I wrote my own
fix for the issue.

--- texutil.patch ---
--- /usr/bin/texutil    2002-08-30 22:11:22.000000000
+0100
+++ /usr/bin/texutil.1  2004-04-04 16:41:34.000000000
+0100
@@ -126,6 +126,16 @@

 sub RedirectTerminal
   { open SAVEDSTDOUT, ">&STDOUT" ;
+
+    # Check for existance of texutil.log
+    # if the file already exists, or a symlink
exists,
+    # the script will die, thus fixing the
vulnerability.
+    #
+    # -shaun2k2
+    if(lstat $ProgramLog) {
+    die "texutil: texutil.log exists - possibly a
symlink.\n";
+    }
+
     open STDOUT, ">$ProgramLog" ;
     select STDOUT; $| = 1 }

--- EOF ---

To apply the patch, simply create a file containing
the patch, and issue the following command as root:

---
root# patch /usr/bin/texutil texutil.patch
---

When texutil is invoked with the '--silent' flag, a
check is performed for 'texutil.log' - if it exists as
a file or a symlink, the script dies with a
semi-informative error message.


The above patch is also available from:

<http://www.nettwerked.co.uk/code/texutil.patch>



Credit
#######

This issue was discovered by Shaun Colley / shaun2k2 -
<shaunige yahoo co uk>.




Thank you for your time.
Shaun.


	
	
		
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