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From: Stephen.Agar at (Stephen Agar)
Subject: Vulnerability in IBM Windows XP: default hi
	dden Administrator account allows local Administrator access

>From the advisory:

"Remote Exploit: No 

Local Exploit: Yes"


"Local: Press CTRL+ALT+DEL,DEL to get a login prompt. Enter user name
'Administrator' and NO PASSWORD and Click OK.

Network: Because remote logins using accounts without passwords is disabled,
it is not typically possible to login to the system using RDP or remote

I think this was covered in the advisory. 





[] On Behalf Of
	Sent: Thursday, September 16, 2004 7:16 AM
	To: Michael Scheidell
	Subject: Re: [Full-Disclosure] Vulnerability in IBM Windows XP:
default hidden Administrator account allows local Administrator access
	Its my understanding that there is a default policy in Windows XP
that prevents any accounts from being used over the network if they have
blank passwords.  This means the IBM machines are no more vulnerable than
any other XP machine in a "home" setup. 
	Correct me if Im wrong.... :) 
	"Michael Scheidell" <> 
	Sent by: 

	15/09/2004 23:06 

		<>, <>,
		[Full-Disclosure] Vulnerability in IBM Windows XP: default
hidden Administrator account allows local Administrator access


	Vulnerability in IBM Windows XP default hidden Administrator account
allows local Administrator access
	Systems: IBM Workstations, Laptops, etc.
	Vulnerable: IBM Systems with preinstalled Microsoft Windows XP
Professional RTM and SP1
	Not Vulnerable: IBM Systems without Windows XP Professional
	Severity: High
	Category: Unauthorized Administrator Access
	Classification: Default Authentication
	BugTraq-ID: TBA
	CVE-Number: CAN-1999-0504
	Remote Exploit: No
	Local Exploit: Yes
	Vendor URL:
	Author: Jason Lash, SECNAP Network Security
	Internal Release date: August 6, 2004
	Notifications: August 6, 2004:,,,,,,
	August 7, 2004:,
	Vendor Response: August 13, 2004
	Public Release date: September 15, 2004
	Innovation for Business Advantage: IBM helps you become more
competitive and on demand by delivering products that offer industry-leading
capabilities, improve productivity and reduce the total cost of owning a PC.
No other vendor provides as wide a range of PC products, technologies and
software to support on demand businesses than IBM.
	Security: As information technology increases in importance, so do
the number of threats directed against it; a comprehensive security strategy
is essential to protect vital data and to ensure continuity of operations.
IBM security solutions will help protect your system and business from
network infiltration, data destruction, information theft and unauthorized
	IBM OEM XP and XP SP1 contain a default hidden administrator
account.  Use of this account will allow anyone with physical access to the
computer to fully control the computer, add spyware, keystroke loggers,
password stealing software and read all files, including temp files, local
files, documents, and any email that has been stored locally.  IBM does not
inform the installer of this account, does not give them the option of
putting a password on this account, and if a savvy installer FINDS the
function to change the password for the Administrator account, they are
warned that they could lose data. Security best practices REQUIRE a password
on all administrative (and root) accounts.
	Because IBM marketing directly targets large publicly traded
businesses, government agencies, and research organizations, these systems
are used in regulated industries. Healthcare organizations must be HIPAA
compliant; financial institutions must follow GLBA regulations; publicly
traded firms are required to adhere to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act; federally
funded educational organizations are regulated by FERPA, and government
agencies must comply with FISMA regulations. With such organizations
comprising  a major portion of IBM's market share, it would be advantageous
to ensure that products incorporated into IBM systems would help achieve
compliance with such regulations.
	OEM Version of Windows XP Professional released by Dell, HP and
others have not shown similar characteristics and has only been observed in
IBM OEM installations.
	This may not be the first report of this behavior. If others have
reported on this issue before, please let us know: however, we searched the
CVE database and only  found a distantly related problem dating back to 1999
where there is a warning against default, missing or weak administrator
	The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned
the name CAN-1999-0504
<>to this issue.
This is a candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (<>),
which standardizes names for security problems.
	A retail setup implementation of Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Edition, "Out-of-Box Experience" (OOBE), requires that the installer be
given the option to add an Administrator account. During the installation,
the XP Installer states : "You must provide a name and an Administrator
password for your computer. Setup creates a user account called
Administrator. You use this account when you need full access to your
computer." While setup will not require that a password actually be entered,
it does stress that one SHOULD be entered. Additionally, the user is
prompted to create a regular user account for general use.
	In contrast, the IBM setup implementation of Microsoft Windows XP
Professional Edition does not include such steps. The existence of an
administrator account is never mentioned. Instead, the setup asks: "Who will
use this computer? Type the name of each person who will use this computer.
Windows will create a separate user account for each person so you can
personalize the way you want Windows to organize and display information,
protect your files and computer settings, and customize the desktop. These
names will appear on the Welcome screen in alphabetical order. When you
start Windows, simply click your name on the Welcome screen to begin. If you
want to set passwords and limit permissions for each user, or add more user
accounts after you finish setting up Windows, just click CONTROL PANEL in
the START menu, and then click USER ACCOUNTS." By default, none of the
accounts added in this step have passwords. Nor is their an option to set
passwords during the install. While !
	this is not unique to the IBM install, it is a known weakness in the
Windows XP OOBE, including retail and OEM versions. Because the
Administrator account was never requested, this leaves the system in a very
vulnerable state.
	By using the Computer Management application and looking under
'System Tools->Local Users and Groups->Users', we see that the Administrator
account has been added and enabled. This account IS NOT password-protected.
If the installer sets a password for EVERY user shown under the User
	The Installation Setup never informed the user that the account
existed. If a user attempts to manually set a password for the Administrator
account, they are greeted with the following warning: "Password for
Administrator: Resetting this password might cause irreversible loss of
information for this user account. For security reasons, Windows protects
certain information by making it impossible to access if the user's password
is reset. This data loss will occur the next time the user logs off. You
should use this command only if a user has forgotten his or her password and
does not have a password reset disk. If this user has created a password
reset disk, then he or she should use that disk to set the password. If the
user knows the password and wants to change it, he or she should log in,
then press CTRL+ALT+DELETE and click Change Password. For additional
information, click Help. [Proceed] [Cancel] [Help]." This warning exists in
all versions of Windows XP, but it is no!
	t presented from the Control Panel Users Accounts tool. If a
password is changed from the Control Panel's User Accounts section, no such
warning is issue; but, again, the Administrator account is hidden from User
	In summary, Due to the lack of an Administrative Setup screen for
the IBM Windows XP OOBE flow, it is more difficult for a security-conscious
organization to manage a Windows XP-based IBM environment. In order to
protect a system, several unintuitive additional steps must be taken on each
systems in the environment, despite warnings against taking such steps.
	SECNAP has tested this situation against IBM Windows XP RTM, as well
as IBM Windows XP SP1. The vulnerability has existed since IBM began
shipping systems with Windows XP. Due to the recent release of XP SP2, an
opportunity exists for IBM to remedy this issue in a timely fashion. SECNAP
also recommends that IBM notify all existing registered clients using the
vulnerable systems to upgrade, possibly to a IBM-released patch, or modified
version of SP2, that would additionally address the issues.
	Local: Press CTRL+ALT+DEL,DEL to get a login prompt. Enter user name
'Administrator' and NO PASSWORD and Click OK.
	Network: Because remote logins using accounts without passwords is
disabled, it is not typically possible to login to the system using RDP or
remote shares.
	Under control panel, go to Administrative Tools. Open Computer
Management. Go to System Tools->Local Users and Groups->Users. Set a
password for the administrator account. Set a password for all other users
	Vendor Response: 8/13/2004
	IBM is cooperating with SECNAP concerning these issues. The IBM plan
of action is as follows:
	Release a patch to our manufacturing lines that will change the
preload to include the standard Microsoft Windows "Set an Administrator
Password" Screen as part of the Microsoft Windows XP "Out-of-Box
Experience." These are the standard screens defined by Microsoft for OEMs to
display during first boot. This patch will be cut into manufacturing during
September with all world-wide systems and languages being updated no later
than the end of October. This will include both SP1 and SP2 systems (SP1
will be phased out rapidly as Microsoft releases the different language
versions to OEMs).
	Provide a "Tip" on the IBM Support Web Site explaining the potential
for an Administrator account with no password to be set up and with detailed
instructions on how to correct this.
	Deliver a Message via the IBM Message Center to inform customers of
a potential exposure and providing the same detailed instructions on how to
correct this. Customers must "Opt In" to get message center messages.
	Jason Lash, SECNAP Network Security,
	Original copy of this report (once published) can be found here
	Above Copyright(c) 2004, SECNAP Network Security Corporation. World
rights reserved.
	This security report can be copied and redistributed electronically
provided it is not edited and is quoted in its entirety without written
consent of SECNAP Network Security Corporation. Additional information or
permission may be obtained by contacting SECNAP Network Security at
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