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Date: Sun, 30 May 2010 16:30:26 +0000
From: "Thor (Hammer of God)" <Thor@...merofgod.com>
To: "dink@...inkydink.com" <dink@...inkydink.com>,
	"full-disclosure@...ts.grok.org.uk" <full-disclosure@...ts.grok.org.uk>
Subject: Re: Websense Enterprise 6.3.3 Policy Bypass

Adding "Via:" completely bypasses monitoring too??  That is bad.  I've never used Websense,  so pardon my ignorance, but this wouldn't apply to with ISA's native monitoring and logging,  so I'm just curious about what's going on under the covers.   "Via:" bypassing the filter is "not good" but bypassing monitoring (and presumably logging) is really bad.  Nice find.

I am curious as to what your thoughts are regarding Windows Auth as a mitigation.   While it's nice that ISA could help solve a problem with Websense, I'm don't see how that would work.  How would requiring auth solve Websense's inability to filter "Via:" headers?

t

>-----Original Message-----
>From: full-disclosure-bounces@...ts.grok.org.uk [mailto:full-disclosure-
>bounces@...ts.grok.org.uk] On Behalf Of dink@...inkydink.com
>Sent: Saturday, May 29, 2010 8:25 PM
>To: full-disclosure@...ts.grok.org.uk
>Subject: [Full-disclosure] Websense Enterprise 6.3.3 Policy Bypass
>
>discovered by mrhinkydink
>
>PRODUCT: Websense Enterprise v6.3.3
>
>EXPOSURE: Trivial Web Policy Bypass
>
>
>SYNOPSIS
>========
>
>By adding a "Via:" header to an HTTP request it is possible for a user to
>completely bypass filtering and monitoring in a Websense Enterprise
>6.3.3/Microsoft ISA Server (2004 or 2006) proxy integration environment.
>
>
>PROOF OF CONCEPT
>================
>
>The following works in a Websense 6.3.3 Enterprise system using the ISA
>Server integration product and transparent authentication. It is assumed it will
>work with other proxy integration products, but this has not been tested.
>
>I. Install Firefox >= 3.5
>
>II. Obtain and install the Modify Headers plug-in by Gareth Hunt
>
>III. Configure the plug-in to add a valid "Via:" header to every request
>
>Example: "Via: 1.1 VIAPROXY"
>
>IV. Browse to a filtered Web site
>
>V. All content is allowed without monitoring
>
>
>PoC VIDEO!
>==========
>
>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H520rQ8JOLY
>
>
>PoC RESTRICTIONS
>================
>
>The Modify Headers plug-in does not work with SSL. However, in practice a
>user could browse to a so-called (by Websense) "Proxy Avoidance" Web site
>and use the SSL capabilities of the remote proxy.
>
>
>OTHER USES
>==========
>
>Properly configured, a downstream SQUID proxy can send requests to the
>upstream ISA server and all requests will pass through without blocking or
>monitoring. No evidence of activity will be logged by Websense. This was in
>fact how this vulnerability was originally discovered.
>Considering the simplicity of the attack, the author suspects this bypass
>technique is already well-known in certain circles.
>
>Also, it is trivial to modify proxy-enabled Linux utilities to leverage this bypass.
>The author has recompiled (that is, HACKED) OpenVPN, connect-proxy,
>PuTTY, stunnel, and others to take advantage of this policy bypass.
>
>Obviously, the risk of undetected (by Websense, at least) covert tunnels is
>high in a vulnerable installation of this product.
>
>Linux platforms using this method in this specific environment will also enjoy
>bypassing Websense's transparent authentication requirement.
>
>
>WORK-AROUNDS
>============
>
>For this specific installation scenario (Websense 6.3.3 + ISA 2004/6 +
>transparent authentication), none are known. The following may work:
>
>* Use Windows Integrated Authentication on the ISA Server
>
>* Upgrade to Websense 7.x
>
>* Do not use a proxy integration product
>
>
>HISTORY
>=======
>
>10/09/2009 - vendor notified
>
>05/29/2010 - PoC published
>
>
>URL
>===
>
>http://mrhinkydink.blogspot.com/2010/05/websense-633-via-bypass.html
>
>
>c. MMX mrhinkydink
>
>
>_______________________________________________
>Full-Disclosure - We believe in it.
>Charter: http://lists.grok.org.uk/full-disclosure-charter.html
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_______________________________________________
Full-Disclosure - We believe in it.
Charter: http://lists.grok.org.uk/full-disclosure-charter.html
Hosted and sponsored by Secunia - http://secunia.com/

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