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Date: Thu, 22 Aug 2013 13:43:33 -0500
From: xnite@...te.org
To: full-disclosure@...ts.grok.org.uk
Subject: Re: [DAHAX-2013-001] Cloudflare XSS Vulnerability

That's a nice trick and all, but I don't see how it's valuable. In order to trigger the XSS you 
need to modify your browser headers, therefore any victim who you are trying to get to a 
page to execute your XSS would need to also modify THEIR browser headers. I don't see 
how this is any thing more than a neat trick. Sorry.

On Thursday 22 August 2013 23:18:03 Glenn Grant wrote:


Details below of an XSS vulnerability I discovered in Cloudflare (markdown format)


- Glenn | /dev/alias
* http://blog.devalias.net[1]

* http://devalias.net[2]


-----


**Reference Number:** DAHAX-2013-001 (/dev/alias/hacks 2013-001)


**Notification Timeline:**


* 10/07/2013, Request# 38713 (https://support.cloudflare.com/anonymous_requests/new[3])
* 10/07/2013, Vendor looking into issue
* 16/07/2013, Updated vendor with new details (Length: 101 instead of 72)
* 16/07/2013, Vendor requested that I test again
* [No further response from vendor]
* 01/08/2013, Tested again, vulnerability fixed


**Details Published:** 14/08/2013 
(http://blog.devalias.net/post/58217238426/dahax-2013-001-cloudflare-xss-vulnerability[4])


## What?


* Reflected XSS (cross site scripting) attack


## Where's Affected?


* Theoretically it seems that any page that uses cloudflare will be affected.
  - Eg: http://www.cloudflare.com/[5]


## How?


* **To bring up the vulnerable page**
  - Set your X-Forwarded-For header to <del>72+</del> 101+ characters
    - <del>Eg: X-Forwarded-For: 
AAAAAAAAAABBBBBBBBBBCCCCCCCCCCDDDDDDDDDDEEEEEEEEEEFFFFFFFFFF
GGGGGGGGGGHH</del>
    - Eg: <pre>X-Forwarded-For: 
AAAAAAAAAABBBBBBBBBBCCCCCCCCCCDDDDDDDDDDEEEEEEEEEEFFFFFFFFFF
GGGGGGGGGGHHHHHHHHHHIIIIIIIIIIJJJJJJJJJJK</pre>
  - Load a site using cloudflare
  - You should end up on "DNS Points to Prohibited IP" page


* **To trigger the XSS**
  - Set your User-Agent string to the XSS attack
    - Eg: <pre>User-Agent: USER-AGENT being tested for XSS..<script>alert('Vulnerable to 
XSS via USER-AGENT header [Found by devalias.net[2]]')</script></pre>


* **The whole attack**
  - Ensure your X-Forwarded-For and User-Agent headers are configured as above
  - Navigate to a page using cloudflare
  - ???
  - Profit!


## Who?


* Discovered by [Glenn '/dev/alias' Grant](http://www.devalias.net/[6]) 
(glenn@...alias.net[7])


## Responsible Disclosure Notice


* Following in the footsteps of Google's vulnerability disclosure timeline, unless otherwise 
agreed to beforehand, I reserve the right to publicly announce the details of any discovered 
vulnerabilities 7 days post notification.
  * **Google's Rationale:** "Seven days is an aggressive timeline and may be too short for 
some vendors to update their products, but it should be enough time to publish advice about 
possible mitigations, such as temporarily disabling a service, restricting access, or contacting 
the vendor for more information. As a result, after 7 days have elapsed without a patch or 
advisory, we will support researchers making details available so that users can take steps 
to protect themselves. By holding ourselves to the same standard, we hope to improve both 
the state of web security and the coordination of vulnerability management." - [Google]
(http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.com.au/2013/05/disclosure-timeline-for-vulnerabilities.html[8])





--------
[1] http://blog.devalias.net
[2] http://devalias.net
[3] https://support.cloudflare.com/anonymous_requests/new
[4] http://blog.devalias.net/post/58217238426/dahax-2013-001-cloudflare-xss-vulnerability
[5] http://www.cloudflare.com/
[6] http://www.devalias.net/
[7] mailto:glenn@...alias.net
[8] http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.com.au/2013/05/disclosure-timeline-for-vulnerabilities.html

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