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Date: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 13:12:15 +0200
From: Maor Shwartz <maors@...ondsecurity.com>
To: fulldisclosure@...lists.org
Cc: SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure <ssd@...ondsecurity.com>
Subject: [FD] SSD Advisory – QNAP QTS Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution

SSD Advisory – QNAP QTS Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution


Full report: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3565
Twitter: @SecuriTeam_SSD
Weibo: SecuriTeam_SSD


Vulnerability Summary
The following advisory describes a memory corruption vulnerability that can
lead to an unauthenticated remote code execution in QNAP QTS versions 4.3.x
and 4.2.x, including the 4.3.3.0299.

QNAP Systems, Inc. is “a Taiwanese corporation that specializes in
providing networked solutions for file sharing, virtualization, storage
management and surveillance applications to address corporate, SMB, SOHO
and home user needs. QNAP QTS is the standard smart NAS operating systems
that empowers all file sharing, storage, backup, virtualization and
multimedia QNAP devices. ”

Credit
A security researcher from, Truelit, has reported this vulnerability to
Beyond Security’s SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program.

Vendor response
QNAP was informed of the vulnerability, and responded with “We have
confirmed this issue is the same as another recent report and have already
assigned CVE-2017-17033 to it.

Although this report is a duplicate, we will still mention both reporters
in the security advisory which will be released shortly.

The vulnerability will be fixed in upcoming releases of QTS 4.2.6 and
4.3.3.”

CVE: CVE-2017-17033

Vulnerability details
Due to lack of proper bounds checking, it is possible to overflow a stack
buffer with a specially crafted HTTP request and hijack the control flow to
achieve arbitrary code execution.

authLogin.cgi is responsible to show the system information from the web
interface, and consists in an unbounded sprintf call with user-supplied
input.

The authLogin.cgi binary, located in the /home/httpd/cgibin/ directory of
QTS file system, and is reachable by requesting the endpoint
/cgi-bin/sysinfoReq.cgi.

The binary is part of QTS and acts as a wrapper for several functionalities.

The vulnerable call is located in the handle_qpkg() (0x1C680) function,
which in turn is called by handle_sysInfoReq() (0x1D398) to show the
current system info (modelName, firmware version, ecc).

===

...

if ( !strcmp("mediaGet.cgi", endpoint) )

{

 handle_mediaGet(cgi_input);

 goto LABEL_EXIT;

}

if ( !strcmp("sysinfoReq.cgi", endpoint) )

{

 handle_sysInfoReq(cgi_input);

 goto LABEL_EXIT;

}

if ( !strcmp("authLogout.cgi", endpoint) )

{

 handle_authLogout(cgi_input);

 goto LABEL_EXIT;

}

if ( !strcmp("cgi.cgi", endpoint) )

{

 handle_cgi(cgi_input);

 goto LABEL_EXIT;

}

...

===

By sending an HTTP request to sysinfoReq.cgi, the handle_sysInfoReq()
(0x1D398) function is triggered, and based on the supplied parameters, can
handle different steps of process.

===

int handle_sysinforeq(int http_input)

{

 ...

 qpkg_value = CGI_Find_Parameter(http_input, (int)"qpkg");

 if (qpkg_value && *( qpkg_value + 4) )

 {

 handle_qpkg(http_input, 1);

 goto LABEL_EXIT;

 }

 ...

}

===

If the qpkg HTTP parameter is supplied the handle_qpkg() (0x1C680) function
is invoked.

===

int handle_qpkg(int http_input, int arg2)

{

 ...

 Get_All_QPKG_Info((int)&all_qpkg_info);

 ...

 http_param_lang_p = CGI_Find_Parameter(http_input, (int)"lang");

 if ( http_param_lang_p )

 sprintf(&xml_file_p, "/home/httpd/RSS/rssdoc/qpkgcenter_%s.xml",
http_param_lang_p + 4);

 ...

 return 0;

}

===

The handle_qpkg() function does not validate the supplied lang HTTP
parameter value from the user.

As the codepath above shows, an unauthenticated attacker can provide an
arbitrary sized value for the said parameter, which then is concatenated to
an existing string on a statically sized (stack) buffer via a sprintf()
function call.







--
Thanks
Maor Shwartz
Beyond Security
GPG Key ID: 6D273779F52A9FC2

Download attachment "SSD Advisory – QNAP QTS Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution.pdf" of type "application/pdf" (156993 bytes)


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