lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2019 13:17:00 +0000
From: Security Team Appsecco via Fulldisclosure <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>
To: "fulldisclosure@...lists.org" <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>
Subject: [FD] Sangoma SBC bypass authentication via argument injection -
 CVE-2019-12148

## Introduction

### Description

A remotely exploitable vulnerability exists in the 2.3.23-119-GA version of Sangoma SBC that would allow an unauthenticated user to bypass authentication and login as a non-existen user but with complete access to the dashboard including additional privileged user creation capabilities.

### Vulnerability Type

- Argument Injection or Modification (https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/88.html)

## Product Overview

A Sangoma SBC protects both your data and voice network and is designed to handle every aspect of phone calls that travel over the internet (or voice-over-ip phone calls).

## Background

The Sangoma SBC web application heavily relies on the python script `/usr/local/sng/bin/sng-user-mgmt` for various user operations including authenticating the user that is supplied on the login screen of the web application.

When a username and password is provided to the application, it is processed by `/var/webconfig/gui/Webconfig.inc.php` which uses the `Execute` function from `/var/webconfig/api/ShellExec.class.php` to pass the credentials to `/usr/local/sng/bin/sng-user-mgmt` as arguments. The `Execute` function applies the `escapeshellcmd` function to convert any shell characters as literals, however there is no verification that the variables passed do not contain strings that can be interpreted as additional arguments to `/usr/local/sng/bin/sng-user-mgmt`.

The `/var/webconfig/gui/Webconfig.inc.php` calls the `WebSetSessionAuthenticated()` function if the return value of the `$shell->Execute($cmd, $args, true, array('log','escape'=>true))` is 0 as shown below.

```
$rc = $shell->Execute($cmd, $args, true, array('log','escape'=>true));
if(0 == $rc){
    ...
    ...
    WebSetSessionAuthenticated();
}else{
    Logger::SysLog("webconfig", "login - ${username} login failed");
    ...
    ...
}
```

The Operating System returns a 0 if the `/usr/local/sng/bin/sng-user-mgmt` program exits successfully.

This is true for all arguments of the program unless an explicit status code is sent back to the Operating System. Invoking the help menu, for example is also a successful execution of the program as can be seen from the below two commands

```
# /usr/local/sng/bin/sng-user-mgmt -h
Usage: sng-user-mgmt [options] arg

Options:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -a ACTION, --action=ACTION
                        Action to perform.
  -u USER, --user=USER  User Name
  -s, --syslog          Log to syslog
  -p PASSWORD, --password=PASSWORD
                        Password
  -f FORCE, --force=FORCE
                        Force to remove a user
  -n NAME, --name=NAME  User Name
  -e ENCRYPTEDPASSWORD, --encrypted-password=ENCRYPTEDPASSWORD
                        Encrypted Password
  -d HASHEDPASSWORD, --hashed-password=HASHEDPASSWORD
                        Hashed Password
  -l ACCESS, --access=ACCESS
                        Toggle user login access, ie. Enable / Disable
  -o, --sudoer          Add to sudoer list
root@...goma-test ~
# echo $?
0
```

As the status code is 0, the check in `/var/webconfig/gui/Webconfig.inc.php` passes and a new user session is created.

Passing additional arguments through the username field that would cause the `sng-user-mgmt` to return a 0 would result in a session being created without any valid credentials being supplied. This session provides complete access to the application, including the ability to create additional sudo privilged users.

## Proof of Concept Exploit

1. Pass a username with the value `adam -h`
2. The password field can be set to anything as this will be ignored
3. Click login
4. The `-h` invokes the help menu for `sng-user-mgmt`, returning a 0 and causing `Webconfig.inc.php` to create a new session.
5. You are now logged in

## Versions Tested

- 2.3.23-119-GA

## Vendor Response

This issue has been responsibly disclosed to the vendor for which a patch has been released in version 2.3.24

https://wiki.sangoma.com/display/SBC/SBC+Downloads

## Credits

Appsecco Security Team
http://www.appsecco.com

## Timeline

18th May 2019: Discovered and reported to vendor
21st May 2019: Vendor confirmation
23rd July 2019: Fixed version (2.3.24) released

## Reference

- [https://www.sangoma.com/products/sbc/](https://www.sangoma.com/products/sbc/)


Riyaz Walikar

+91 9886042242

<http://www.appsecco.com/>www.appsecco.com<http://www.appsecco.com/>

Appsecco is a registered trademark of Appsecco Ltd. Appsecco Limited: Registration Number: 9500721. Registered office: Kemp House, 152 to 160 City Road, London EC1V 2NX, United Kingdom. This email message is intended for the named recipient only. It may be privileged and/or confidential. If you are not the named recipient of this email please notify us immediately and do not copy it or use it for any purpose, nor disclose its contents to any other person.


_______________________________________________
Sent through the Full Disclosure mailing list
https://nmap.org/mailman/listinfo/fulldisclosure
Web Archives & RSS: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/

Powered by blists - more mailing lists