lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Wed, 8 Jun 2022 15:56:35 +0200
From: Matthias Deeg <>
To: <>
Subject: [FD] [SYSS-2022-009]: Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD -
 Use of a Cryptographic Primitive with a Risky Implementation (CWE-1240)

Advisory ID:               SYSS-2022-009
Product:                   Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD
Manufacturer:              Verbatim
Affected Version(s):       GDMSFE01-INI3637-C VER1.1
Tested Version(s):         GDMSFE01-INI3637-C VER1.1
Vulnerability Type:        Use of a Cryptographic Primitive with a Risky
                            Implementation (CWE-1240)
Risk Level:                High
Solution Status:           Open
Manufacturer Notification: 2022-02-03
Solution Date:             -
Public Disclosure:         2022-06-08
CVE Reference:             CVE-2022-28387
Author of Advisory:        Matthias Deeg (SySS GmbH)



The Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD is a USB drive with AES
256-bit hardware encryption and a built-in fingerprint sensor for
unlocking the device with previously registered fingerprints.

The manufacturer describes the product as follows:

"The AES 256-bit Hardware Encryption seamlessly encrypts all data on the
drive in real-time. The drive is compliant with GDPR requirements as
100% of the drive is securely encrypted. The built-in fingerprint
recognition system allows access for up to eight authorised users and
one administrator who can access the device via a password. The SSD
does not store passwords in the computer or system's volatile memory
making it far more secure than software encryption."[1]

Due to an insecure design, the Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD
can be unlocked by an attacker who can thus gain unauthorized access to
the stored data.


Vulnerability Details:

When analyzing the Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD, Matthias
Deeg found out it uses an insecure design which allows retrieving the
currently used password and thus the ability to unlock and access the
stored data in an unauthorized way.

The Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD consists of the following
five main parts:

1. An SSD in M.2 form factor
2. A USB-to-SATA bridge controller (INIC-3637EN)
3. An SPI flash memory chip (XT25F01D) containing the firmware of the
4. A fingerprint sensor
5. A fingerprint sensor controller (INIC-3782N)

For encrypting the data stored on the SSD, the hardware AES engine of
the INIC-3637EN is used. More specifically, AES-256 in ECB (Electronic
Codebook) mode is used for data encryption, which is also a security
issue by itself, as described in the SySS security advisory

The SSD can be either unlocked via the fingerprint sensor using a
previously registered fingerprint or via a password.

Unlocking the SSD via a password takes place using a Windows or macOS
client software that sends specific IOCTL commands

The data part of those device-specific commands is encrypted using AES
with a hard-coded cryptographic key found within the client software
and the USB-to-SATA bridge controller's firmware.

One of the supported commands is able to retrieve the currently set
password and cryptographic key material used for the data disk

By sending this specific IOCTL command to the USB device and knowing the
used AES encryption scheme for the command data, an attacker can
instantly retrieve the correct password and thus unlock the device in
order to gain unauthorized access to its stored data.


Proof of Concept (PoC):

For demonstrating the described security vulnerability, Matthias Deeg
developed a software tool that can extract the currently set password
of a Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD. This enables an attacker
to instantly unlock the device.



SySS GmbH is not aware of a solution for the described security issue.


Disclosure Timeline:

2022-02-03: Vulnerability reported to manufacturer
2022-02-11: Vulnerability reported to manufacturer again
2022-03-07: Vulnerability reported to manufacturer again
2022-06-08: Public release of security advisory



[1] Product website for Verbatim Executive Fingerprint Secure SSD
[2] SySS Security Advisory SYSS-2022-010
[3] SySS Security Advisory SYSS-2022-009
[4] SySS GmbH, SySS Responsible Disclosure Policy



This security vulnerability was found by Matthias Deeg of SySS GmbH.

E-Mail: matthias.deeg (at)
Public Key:
Key fingerprint = D1F0 A035 F06C E675 CDB9 0514 D9A4 BF6A 34AD 4DAB



The information provided in this security advisory is provided "as is"
and without warranty of any kind. Details of this security advisory may
be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The
latest version of this security advisory is available on the SySS website.



Creative Commons - Attribution (by) - Version 3.0

Download attachment "OpenPGP_signature" of type "application/pgp-signature" (841 bytes)

Sent through the Full Disclosure mailing list
Web Archives & RSS:

Powered by blists - more mailing lists