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Date: Mon, 25 Mar 2024 10:16:54 +0100
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
To: linux-cve-announce@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Subject: CVE-2021-47178: scsi: target: core: Avoid smp_processor_id() in preemptible code

Description
===========

In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved:

scsi: target: core: Avoid smp_processor_id() in preemptible code

The BUG message "BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000]
code" was observed for TCMU devices with kernel config DEBUG_PREEMPT.

The message was observed when blktests block/005 was run on TCMU devices
with fileio backend or user:zbc backend [1]. The commit 1130b499b4a7
("scsi: target: tcm_loop: Use LIO wq cmd submission helper") triggered the
symptom. The commit modified work queue to handle commands and changed
'current->nr_cpu_allowed' at smp_processor_id() call.

The message was also observed at system shutdown when TCMU devices were not
cleaned up [2]. The function smp_processor_id() was called in SCSI host
work queue for abort handling, and triggered the BUG message. This symptom
was observed regardless of the commit 1130b499b4a7 ("scsi: target:
tcm_loop: Use LIO wq cmd submission helper").

To avoid the preemptible code check at smp_processor_id(), get CPU ID with
raw_smp_processor_id() instead. The CPU ID is used for performance
improvement then thread move to other CPU will not affect the code.

[1]

[   56.468103] run blktests block/005 at 2021-05-12 14:16:38
[   57.369473] check_preemption_disabled: 85 callbacks suppressed
[   57.369480] BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000] code: fio/1511
[   57.369506] BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000] code: fio/1510
[   57.369512] BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000] code: fio/1506
[   57.369552] caller is __target_init_cmd+0x157/0x170 [target_core_mod]
[   57.369606] CPU: 4 PID: 1506 Comm: fio Not tainted 5.13.0-rc1+ #34
[   57.369613] Hardware name: System manufacturer System Product Name/PRIME Z270-A, BIOS 1302 03/15/2018
[   57.369617] Call Trace:
[   57.369621] BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000] code: fio/1507
[   57.369628]  dump_stack+0x6d/0x89
[   57.369642]  check_preemption_disabled+0xc8/0xd0
[   57.369628] caller is __target_init_cmd+0x157/0x170 [target_core_mod]
[   57.369655]  __target_init_cmd+0x157/0x170 [target_core_mod]
[   57.369695]  target_init_cmd+0x76/0x90 [target_core_mod]
[   57.369732]  tcm_loop_queuecommand+0x109/0x210 [tcm_loop]
[   57.369744]  scsi_queue_rq+0x38e/0xc40
[   57.369761]  __blk_mq_try_issue_directly+0x109/0x1c0
[   57.369779]  blk_mq_try_issue_directly+0x43/0x90
[   57.369790]  blk_mq_submit_bio+0x4e5/0x5d0
[   57.369812]  submit_bio_noacct+0x46e/0x4e0
[   57.369830]  __blkdev_direct_IO_simple+0x1a3/0x2d0
[   57.369859]  ? set_init_blocksize.isra.0+0x60/0x60
[   57.369880]  generic_file_read_iter+0x89/0x160
[   57.369898]  blkdev_read_iter+0x44/0x60
[   57.369906]  new_sync_read+0x102/0x170
[   57.369929]  vfs_read+0xd4/0x160
[   57.369941]  __x64_sys_pread64+0x6e/0xa0
[   57.369946]  ? lockdep_hardirqs_on+0x79/0x100
[   57.369958]  do_syscall_64+0x3a/0x70
[   57.369965]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
[   57.369973] RIP: 0033:0x7f7ed4c1399f
[   57.369979] Code: 08 89 3c 24 48 89 4c 24 18 e8 7d f3 ff ff 4c 8b 54 24 18 48 8b 54 24 10 41 89 c0 48 8b 74 24 08 8b 3c 24 b8 11 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 31 44 89 c7 48 89 04 24 e8 cd f3 ff ff 48 8b
[   57.369983] RSP: 002b:00007ffd7918c580 EFLAGS: 00000293 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000011
[   57.369990] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00000000015b4540 RCX: 00007f7ed4c1399f
[   57.369993] RDX: 0000000000001000 RSI: 00000000015de000 RDI: 0000000000000009
[   57.369996] RBP: 00000000015b4540 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000001
[   57.369999] R10: 0000000000e5c000 R11: 0000000000000293 R12: 00007f7eb5269a70
[   57.370002] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000001000 R15: 00000000015b4568
[   57.370031] CPU: 7 PID: 1507 Comm: fio Not tainted 5.13.0-rc1+ #34
[   57.370036] Hardware name: System manufacturer System Product Name/PRIME Z270-A, BIOS 1302 03/15/2018
[   57.370039] Call Trace:
[   57.370045]  dump_stack+0x6d/0x89
[   57.370056]  check_preemption_disabled+0xc8/0xd0
[   57.370068]  __target_init_cmd+0x157/0x170 [target_core_mod]
[   57.370121]  target_init_cmd+0x76/0x90 [target_core_mod]
[   57.370178]  tcm_loop_queuecommand+0x109/0x210 [tcm_loop]
[   57.370197]  scsi_queue_rq+0x38e/0xc40
[   57.370224]  __blk_mq_try_issue_directly+0x109/0x1c0
..

[2]

[  117.458597] BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000] code: kworker/u16:8
[  117.467279] caller is __target_init_cmd+0x157/0x170 [target_core_mod]
[  117.473893] CPU: 1 PID: 418 Comm: kworker/u16:6 Not tainted 5.13.0-rc1+ #34
[  117.481150] Hardware name: System manufacturer System Product Name/PRIME Z270-A, BIOS 8
[  117.481153] Workqueue: scsi_tmf_7 scmd_eh_abort_handler
[  117.481156] Call Trace:
[  117.481158]  dump_stack+0x6d/0x89
[  117.481162]  check_preemption_disabled+0xc8/0xd0
[  117.512575]  target_submit_tmr+0x41/0x150 [target_core_mod]
[  117.519705]  tcm_loop_issue_tmr+0xa7/0x100 [tcm_loop]
[  117.524913]  tcm_loop_abort_task+0x43/0x60 [tcm_loop]
[  117.530137]  scmd_eh_abort_handler+0x7b/0x230
[  117.534681]  process_one_work+0x268/0x580
[  117.538862]  worker_thread+0x55/0x3b0
[  117.542652]  ? process_one_work+0x580/0x580
[  117.548351]  kthread+0x143/0x160
[  117.551675]  ? kthread_create_worker_on_cpu+0x40/0x40
[  117.556873]  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30

The Linux kernel CVE team has assigned CVE-2021-47178 to this issue.


Affected and fixed versions
===========================

	Issue introduced in 5.11 with commit 1526d9f10c61 and fixed in 5.12.9 with commit a20b6eaf4f35
	Issue introduced in 5.11 with commit 1526d9f10c61 and fixed in 5.13 with commit 70ca3c57ff91

Please see https://www.kernel.org for a full list of currently supported
kernel versions by the kernel community.

Unaffected versions might change over time as fixes are backported to
older supported kernel versions.  The official CVE entry at
	https://cve.org/CVERecord/?id=CVE-2021-47178
will be updated if fixes are backported, please check that for the most
up to date information about this issue.


Affected files
==============

The file(s) affected by this issue are:
	drivers/target/target_core_transport.c


Mitigation
==========

The Linux kernel CVE team recommends that you update to the latest
stable kernel version for this, and many other bugfixes.  Individual
changes are never tested alone, but rather are part of a larger kernel
release.  Cherry-picking individual commits is not recommended or
supported by the Linux kernel community at all.  If however, updating to
the latest release is impossible, the individual changes to resolve this
issue can be found at these commits:
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/a20b6eaf4f35046a429cde57bee7eb5f13d6857f
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/70ca3c57ff914113f681e657634f7fbfa68e1ad1

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