lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  linux-cve-announce  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Tue, 26 Mar 2024 15:17:24 +0000
From: Lee Jones <lee@...nel.org>
To: linux-cve-announce@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Lee Jones <lee@...nel.org>
Subject: CVE-2024-26645: tracing: Ensure visibility when inserting an element into tracing_map

Description
===========

In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved:

tracing: Ensure visibility when inserting an element into tracing_map

Running the following two commands in parallel on a multi-processor
AArch64 machine can sporadically produce an unexpected warning about
duplicate histogram entries:

 $ while true; do
     echo hist:key=id.syscall:val=hitcount > \
       /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
     cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
     sleep 0.001
   done
 $ stress-ng --sysbadaddr $(nproc)

The warning looks as follows:

[ 2911.172474] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 2911.173111] Duplicates detected: 1
[ 2911.173574] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 12247 at kernel/trace/tracing_map.c:983 tracing_map_sort_entries+0x3e0/0x408
[ 2911.174702] Modules linked in: iscsi_ibft(E) iscsi_boot_sysfs(E) rfkill(E) af_packet(E) nls_iso8859_1(E) nls_cp437(E) vfat(E) fat(E) ena(E) tiny_power_button(E) qemu_fw_cfg(E) button(E) fuse(E) efi_pstore(E) ip_tables(E) x_tables(E) xfs(E) libcrc32c(E) aes_ce_blk(E) aes_ce_cipher(E) crct10dif_ce(E) polyval_ce(E) polyval_generic(E) ghash_ce(E) gf128mul(E) sm4_ce_gcm(E) sm4_ce_ccm(E) sm4_ce(E) sm4_ce_cipher(E) sm4(E) sm3_ce(E) sm3(E) sha3_ce(E) sha512_ce(E) sha512_arm64(E) sha2_ce(E) sha256_arm64(E) nvme(E) sha1_ce(E) nvme_core(E) nvme_auth(E) t10_pi(E) sg(E) scsi_mod(E) scsi_common(E) efivarfs(E)
[ 2911.174738] Unloaded tainted modules: cppc_cpufreq(E):1
[ 2911.180985] CPU: 2 PID: 12247 Comm: cat Kdump: loaded Tainted: G            E      6.7.0-default #2 1b58bbb22c97e4399dc09f92d309344f69c44a01
[ 2911.182398] Hardware name: Amazon EC2 c7g.8xlarge/, BIOS 1.0 11/1/2018
[ 2911.183208] pstate: 61400005 (nZCv daif +PAN -UAO -TCO +DIT -SSBS BTYPE=--)
[ 2911.184038] pc : tracing_map_sort_entries+0x3e0/0x408
[ 2911.184667] lr : tracing_map_sort_entries+0x3e0/0x408
[ 2911.185310] sp : ffff8000a1513900
[ 2911.185750] x29: ffff8000a1513900 x28: ffff0003f272fe80 x27: 0000000000000001
[ 2911.186600] x26: ffff0003f272fe80 x25: 0000000000000030 x24: 0000000000000008
[ 2911.187458] x23: ffff0003c5788000 x22: ffff0003c16710c8 x21: ffff80008017f180
[ 2911.188310] x20: ffff80008017f000 x19: ffff80008017f180 x18: ffffffffffffffff
[ 2911.189160] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000 x15: ffff8000a15134b8
[ 2911.190015] x14: 0000000000000000 x13: 205d373432323154 x12: 5b5d313131333731
[ 2911.190844] x11: 00000000fffeffff x10: 00000000fffeffff x9 : ffffd1b78274a13c
[ 2911.191716] x8 : 000000000017ffe8 x7 : c0000000fffeffff x6 : 000000000057ffa8
[ 2911.192554] x5 : ffff0012f6c24ec0 x4 : 0000000000000000 x3 : ffff2e5b72b5d000
[ 2911.193404] x2 : 0000000000000000 x1 : 0000000000000000 x0 : ffff0003ff254480
[ 2911.194259] Call trace:
[ 2911.194626]  tracing_map_sort_entries+0x3e0/0x408
[ 2911.195220]  hist_show+0x124/0x800
[ 2911.195692]  seq_read_iter+0x1d4/0x4e8
[ 2911.196193]  seq_read+0xe8/0x138
[ 2911.196638]  vfs_read+0xc8/0x300
[ 2911.197078]  ksys_read+0x70/0x108
[ 2911.197534]  __arm64_sys_read+0x24/0x38
[ 2911.198046]  invoke_syscall+0x78/0x108
[ 2911.198553]  el0_svc_common.constprop.0+0xd0/0xf8
[ 2911.199157]  do_el0_svc+0x28/0x40
[ 2911.199613]  el0_svc+0x40/0x178
[ 2911.200048]  el0t_64_sync_handler+0x13c/0x158
[ 2911.200621]  el0t_64_sync+0x1a8/0x1b0
[ 2911.201115] ---[ end trace 0000000000000000 ]---

The problem appears to be caused by CPU reordering of writes issued from
__tracing_map_insert().

The check for the presence of an element with a given key in this
function is:

 val = READ_ONCE(entry->val);
 if (val && keys_match(key, val->key, map->key_size)) ...

The write of a new entry is:

 elt = get_free_elt(map);
 memcpy(elt->key, key, map->key_size);
 entry->val = elt;

The "memcpy(elt->key, key, map->key_size);" and "entry->val = elt;"
stores may become visible in the reversed order on another CPU. This
second CPU might then incorrectly determine that a new key doesn't match
an already present val->key and subsequently insert a new element,
resulting in a duplicate.

Fix the problem by adding a write barrier between
"memcpy(elt->key, key, map->key_size);" and "entry->val = elt;", and for
good measure, also use WRITE_ONCE(entry->val, elt) for publishing the
element. The sequence pairs with the mentioned "READ_ONCE(entry->val);"
and the "val->key" check which has an address dependency.

The barrier is placed on a path executed when adding an element for
a new key. Subsequent updates targeting the same key remain unaffected.

>From the user's perspective, the issue was introduced by commit
c193707dde77 ("tracing: Remove code which merges duplicates"), which
followed commit cbf4100efb8f ("tracing: Add support to detect and avoid
duplicates"). The previous code operated differently; it inherently
expected potential races which result in duplicates but merged them
later when they occurred.

The Linux kernel CVE team has assigned CVE-2024-26645 to this issue.


Affected and fixed versions
===========================

	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 4.19.307 with commit 5022b331c041
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 5.4.269 with commit dad9b28f675e
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 5.10.210 with commit ef70dfa0b1e5
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 5.15.149 with commit aef1cb00856c
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 6.1.76 with commit f4f7e696db02
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 6.6.15 with commit a1eebe76e187
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 6.7.3 with commit bf4aeff7da85
	Issue introduced in 4.17 with commit c193707dde77 and fixed in 6.8 with commit 2b44760609e9

Please see https://www.kernel.org for a full list of currently supported
kernel versions by the kernel community.

Unaffected versions might change over time as fixes are backported to
older supported kernel versions.  The official CVE entry at
	https://cve.org/CVERecord/?id=CVE-2024-26645
will be updated if fixes are backported, please check that for the most
up to date information about this issue.


Affected files
==============

The file(s) affected by this issue are:
	kernel/trace/tracing_map.c


Mitigation
==========

The Linux kernel CVE team recommends that you update to the latest
stable kernel version for this, and many other bugfixes.  Individual
changes are never tested alone, but rather are part of a larger kernel
release.  Cherry-picking individual commits is not recommended or
supported by the Linux kernel community at all.  If however, updating to
the latest release is impossible, the individual changes to resolve this
issue can be found at these commits:
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/5022b331c041e8c54b9a6a3251579bd1e8c0fc0b
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/dad9b28f675ed99b4dec261db2a397efeb80b74c
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/ef70dfa0b1e5084f32635156c9a5c795352ad860
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/aef1cb00856ccfd614467cfb50b791278992e177
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/f4f7e696db0274ff560482cc52eddbf0551d4b7a
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/a1eebe76e187dbe11ca299f8dbb6e45d5b1889e7
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/bf4aeff7da85c3becd39fb73bac94122331c30fb
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/2b44760609e9eaafc9d234a6883d042fc21132a7

Powered by blists - more mailing lists