lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:	Sat, 12 May 2007 08:26:37 -0700
From:	Andreas Dilger <>
To:	Eric <>
Cc:	linux-ext4 <>
Subject: Re: [RFC] store RAID stride in superblock

On May 12, 2007  01:11 -0700, Eric wrote:
> The concept is really tempting. RAID is good, and not asking the user
> for information that the system can find out for itself is good too.
> In the unlikely event that the RAID stride were to change, I think the
> autodetect-each-time method would be superior to the store-in-superblock
> method. Doubly so if the code to detect MD and LVM stride is lean and
> clean.

I've asked the block layer folks a couple of times if it would be possible
to have an interface for this in the kernel, but so far I've had little
success in getting them to do it and I don't have time for it myself.

I agree that auto-detection is best (would need a userspace interface too)
but a lot can be done with a format-time detection.  It is unlikely that
the RAID striping will change under the filesystem, and if it does then
the stripe size is usually kept the same (e.g. RAID 5 restriping to add
a disk).

Even if the stiping does change, the current alignment of bitmaps is
about the worst possible case for power-of-two stride sizes because a
single disk has all of the bitmaps (using the terms "stripe = N * stride"
for N+1 RAID5 or N+2 RAID6 - if anyone knows the "more correct" terms
please speak up).  It would also be possible to use tune2fs to change
the stride + stripe size in the superblock to at least tune the mballoc
allocation even if we can't move the bitmaps around very easily.

> I wonder if, in a RAID 0 configuration, deliberately misaligning data
> structures smaller than (size of stride * number of disks in array)
> would yield a performance benefit.

Yes, that would definitely be something to do.  If you have N-disk RAID0,
each disk having "stride" blocks at a time, then offsetting the bitmaps by
"stride" blocks each is exactly what "mke2fs -E stride=" does.  The
mballoc "stripe" option tries to put large allocations covering the whole
stripe to avoid parity read-modify-write if possible.

Cheers, Andreas
Andreas Dilger
Principal Software Engineer
Cluster File Systems, Inc.

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-ext4" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at

Powered by blists - more mailing lists