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Date:	Mon, 29 Oct 2007 17:11:26 -0700
From:	Mark Fasheh <>
To:, David Chinner <>,,,,
	Anton Altaparmakov <>,
	Mike Waychison <>,
Subject: Re: [RFC] add FIEMAP ioctl to efficiently map file allocation

On Mon, Oct 29, 2007 at 04:13:02PM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:
> On Oct 29, 2007  13:57 -0700, Mark Fasheh wrote:
> > 	Thanks for posting this. I believe that an interface such as FIEMAP
> > would be very useful to Ocfs2 as well. (I added ocfs2-devel to the e-mail)
> I tried to make it as Lustre-agnostic as possible...

IMHO, your description succeeded at that. I'm hoping that the final patch
can have mostly generic code, like FIBMAP does today.

> > > #define FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST      0x00000020 /* last extent in the file */
> > > #define FIEMAP_EXTENT_EOF       0x00000100 /* fm_start + fm_len beyond EOF*/
> > 
> > Is "EOF" here considering "beyond i_size" or "beyond allocation"?
> _EOF == beyond i_size.
> _LAST == last extent in the file.
> In most cases FIEMAP_EXTENT_EOF will be set at the same time as
> FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST, but in case of e.g. prealloc beyond i_size the 
> EOF flag may be set on one or more earlier extents.

Oh, ok great - I was primarily looking for a way to say "there's allocation
past i_size" and it looks like we have it.

> > > FIEMAP_EXTENT_NO_DIRECT means data cannot be directly accessed (maybe
> > > encrypted, compressed, etc.)
> > 
> > Would it be valid to use FIEMAP_EXTENT_NO_DIRECT for marking in-inode data?
> > Btrfs, Ocfs2, and Gfs2 pack small amounts of user data directly in inode
> > blocks.
> Hmm, but part of the issue would be how to request the extra data, and
> what offset it would be given?  One could, for example, use negative
> offsets to represent metadata or something, or add a FIEMAP_EXTENT_META
> or similar, I hadn't given that much thought.

Well, fe_offset and fe_length are already expressed in bytes, so we could
just put the byte offset to where the inline data starts in there. fe_length
is just used as the length allocated for inline-data.

If fe_offset is required to be block aligned, then we could add a field to
express an offset within the block where data would be found - say
'fe_data_start_offset'. In the non-inline case, we could guarantee that
fe_data_start_offset is zero. That way software which doesn't want to care
whether something is inline-data (for example, a backup program) or not
could just blidly add it to fe_offset before looking at the data.

Regardless, I think we also want to explicitely flag this:

#define FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_IN_INODE 0x00000400 /* extent data is stored in inode block */

I'm going to pretend that I completely understand reiserfs tail-packing and
say that my approaches above looks like they could work for that case too.
We'd want to add a seperate flag for tail packed data though.

> The other issue is that I'd like to get the basics of the API in place
> before it gets too complex. We can always add functionality with more
> FIEMAP_FLAG_* (whether in the INCOMPAT range or not, depending on what is
> being done).

Sure, but I think whatever goes upstream should be able to handle this case
- there's file systems in use _today_ which put data in inode blocks and
pack file tails.


Mark Fasheh
Senior Software Developer, Oracle
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