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Date:	Thu, 10 Jan 2008 14:31:03 -0700
From:	Andreas Dilger <adilger@....com>
To:	Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
Cc:	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
	"Amit K. Arora" <aarora@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: fix uniniatilized extend splitting error.

On Jan 10, 2008  17:31 +0300, Dmitry Monakhov wrote:
> While playing with new fancy fallocate interface on ext4 i've triggered
> bug which corrupted my grub :).

I notice I'm CC'd on this, but in fact Amit wrote the code.  I've CC'd
him even though I expect he will notice it anyways.

> My testcase:
> ~~~~~~~~~~~~
> blksize = 0x1000;
> fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR|O_CREAT, 0700);
> unsigned long long sz = 0x10000000UL;
> /* allocating big blocks chunk */
> syscall(__NR_fallocate, fd, 0, 0UL, sz)
> 
> /* grab all other available filesystem space */
> tfd = open("tmp", O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_DIRECT, 0700);
> while( write(tfd, buf, 4096) > 0); /* loop untill ENOSPC */
> fsync(fd); /* just in case */
> while (pos < sz) {
> 	/* each seek+ write operation result in splits uninitialized extent
> 	in three extents. Splitting may result in new extent allocation
> 	which probably will fail because of ENOSPC*/
> 
> 	lseek(fd, blksize*2 -1, SEEK_CUR);
> 	if ((ret = write(fd, 'a', 1)) != 1)
> 		exit(1);
> 	pos += blksize * 2;
> }

Interesting test, and well thought out...

> Buggy place:
> ~~~~~~~~~~~~
> ext4_ext_get_blocks(..., bh_result,..)
> {
> 	err = 0;
> 	allocated = 0;
> ....
> 	 ret = ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(...)
>  	if (ret < 0)
> << By occasion real error code was lost here.
> 		goto out2
> ....
> out2:
> ....
> 	return err? err: allocated;
> << Wow.. exit with "0", and caller assumes what bh_result was properly filled
> <<   and then will submit it for write. But in fact bh contains random data in
> <<   ->b_bdev, ->b_blocknr fileds :).
> }

The other item that Amit and I discussed in the past is in the case of
ENOSPC it would be possible instead of splitting the extent to zero-fill
the smaller extent (1 block in your test case) and write the whole thing
as an initialized extent.  This could then either be merged with the
previous or following allocated extent, or the whole extent zeroed if that
was not possible.

It would add some latency in the worst case to do this in the kernel,
but this would only happen if there is no free space at all.  It might
even be desirable to always zero-fill small extents instead of splitting
uninitialized extents, because a random write of 64kB is not more expensive
than 4kB and avoids overhead of splitting the nicely contiguous extent tree.

> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
> ---
>  fs/ext4/extents.c |    5 +++--
>  1 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index 8528774..fc8e508 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> @@ -2320,9 +2320,10 @@ int ext4_ext_get_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
>  			ret = ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle, inode,
>  								path, iblock,
>  								max_blocks);
> -			if (ret <= 0)
> +			if (ret <= 0) {
> +				err = ret;
>  				goto out2;
> -			else
> +			} else
>  				allocated = ret;
>  			goto outnew;
>  		}
> -- 
> 1.5.3.1.40.g6972-dirty
> 
> 
> -
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Cheers, Andreas
--
Andreas Dilger
Sr. Staff Engineer, Lustre Group
Sun Microsystems of Canada, Inc.

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