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Date:	Wed, 06 Aug 2008 15:57:57 -0700
From:	Mingming Cao <cmm@...ibm.com>
To:	Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
Cc:	Chris Mason <chris.mason@...cle.com>,
	Hisashi Hifumi <hifumi.hisashi@....ntt.co.jp>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] jbd jbd2: fix dio write returning EIO
	whentry_to_release_page fails


在 2008-08-06三的 15:53 +0200,Jan Kara写道:
> On Wed 06-08-08 09:25:13, Chris Mason wrote:
> > On Tue, 2008-08-05 at 14:17 -0700, Mingming Cao wrote:
> > > 在 2008-08-05二的 12:17 -0400,Chris Mason写道:
> > > > On Tue, 2008-08-05 at 13:51 +0900, Hisashi Hifumi wrote:
> > > > > >> > 
> > > > > >> > diff -Nrup linux-2.6.27-rc1.org/fs/jbd/transaction.c 
> > > > > >linux-2.6.27-rc1/fs/jbd/transaction.c
> > > > > >> > --- linux-2.6.27-rc1.org/fs/jbd/transaction.c	2008-07-29 
> > > > > >19:28:47.000000000 +0900
> > > > > >> > +++ linux-2.6.27-rc1/fs/jbd/transaction.c	2008-07-29 20:40:12.000000000 +0900
> > > > > >> > @@ -1764,6 +1764,12 @@ int journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_
> > > > > >> >  	*/
> > > > > >> >  	if (ret == 0 && (gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT) && (gfp_mask & __GFP_FS)) {
> > > > > >> >  		journal_wait_for_transaction_sync_data(journal);
> > > > > >> > +
> > > > > >> > +		bh = head;
> > > > > >> > +		do {
> > > > > >> > +			while (atomic_read(&bh->b_count))
> > > > > >> > +				schedule();
> > > > > >> > +		} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
> > > > > >> >  		ret = try_to_free_buffers(page);
> > > > > >> >  	}
> > > > > >> 
> > > > > >> The loop is problematic.  If the scheduler decides to keep running this
> > > > > >> task then we have a busy loop.  If this task has realtime policy then
> > > > > >> it might even lock up the kernel.
> > > > > >> 
> > > > > >
> > > > > >ocfs2 calls journal_try_to_free_buffers too, looping on b_count might
> > > > > >not be the best idea there either.
> > > > > >
> > > > > >This code gets called from releasepage, which is used other places than
> > > > > >the O_DIRECT invalidation paths, I'd be worried about performance
> > > > > >problems here.
> > > > > >
> > > > > 
> > > > > try_to_release_page has gfp_mask parameter. So when try_to_releasepage
> > > > > is called from performance sensitive part, gfp_mask should not be set.
> > > > > b_count check loop is inside of (gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT) && (gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) check.
> > > > 
> > > > Looks like try_to_free_pages will go into releasepage with wait & fs
> > > > both set.  This kind of change would make me very nervous.
> > > > 
> > > 
> > > Hi Chris,
> > > 
> > > The gfp_mask try_to_free_pages() takes from it's caller will past it
> > > down to try_to_release_page().  Based on the meaning of __GFP_WAIT and
> > > GFP_FS, if the upper level caller set these two flags,  I assume the
> > > upper level caller expect delay and wait for fs to finish?
> > > 
> > > 
> > > But I agree that using a loop in journal_try_to_free_buffers() to wait
> > > for the busy bh release the counter is expensive...
> > 
> > I rediscovered your old thread about trying to do this in a launder_page
> > call ;)
>   Yes, we thought about using launder_page() before :).
> 
> > Does it make more sense to fix do_launder_page to call into the FS on
> > every page, and let the FS check for PageDirty on its own?  That way
> > invalidate_inode_pages2_range basically gets its own private call into
> > the FS that says wait around until this page is really free.
>   That would certainly work as well. But IMHO waiting for ->writepage()
> call to finish isn't really a big deal even in try_to_release_page() if
> __GFP_FS (and __GFP_WAIT) is set. The only problem is that there is no
> effective way to do so and so Hisashi used that "wait for b_count to drop"
> which looks really scary and I don't like it as well.
> 

I was  looking at the comment in invalidate_complete_page2(), which is
now only called from DIO path, it saids

/*
 * This is like invalidate_complete_page(), except it ignores the page's
 * refcount.  We do this because invalidate_inode_pages2() needs
stronger
 * invalidation guarantees, and cannot afford to leave pages behind
because
 * shrink_page_list() has a temp ref on them, or because they're
transiently
 * sitting in the lru_cache_add() pagevecs.
 */


I am wondering why we need stronger invalidate hurantees for DIO->
invalidate_inode_pages_range(),which force the page being removed from
page cache? In case of bh is busy due to ext3 writeout,
journal_try_to_free_buffers() could return different error number(EBUSY)
to try_to_releasepage() (instead of EIO).  In that case,  could we just
leave the page in the cache, clean pageuptodate() (to force later buffer
read to read from disk) and then invalidate_complete_page2() return
successfully? Any issue with this way?

Mingming




> 									Honza

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