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Date:	Fri, 15 Apr 2011 00:10:45 +0800
From:	Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@...il.com>
To:	Eric Sandeen <sandeen@...deen.net>
Cc:	Pádraig Brady <P@...igbrady.com>,
	xfs-oss <xfs@....sgi.com>, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
	coreutils@....org, Markus Trippelsdorf <markus@...ppelsdorf.de>
Subject: Re: Files full of zeros with coreutils-8.11 and xfs (FIEMAP related?)

Hi,

I am off my working computer.  Maybe below fix could fix the problem.

fs/ext4/extent.c
static int ext4_ext_walk_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block,
1877                 } else if (block >= le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) {
1878                         /*
1879                          * some part of requested space is covered
1880                          * by found extent
1881                          */
1882                         start = block;
1883                         end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)
1884                                 + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex);
1885                         if (block + num < end)
1886                                 end = block + num;
       +                        if (!ext4_ext_is_uninitialized(ex))
1887                         exists = 1;
1888                 } else {
1889                         BUG();
1890                 }


On Fri, Apr 15, 2011 at 12:04 AM, Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@...il.com> wrote:
> 2011/4/14 Eric Sandeen <sandeen@...deen.net>:
>> On 4/14/11 10:52 AM, Pádraig Brady wrote:
>>> On 14/04/11 16:50, Eric Sandeen wrote:
>>>> On 4/14/11 9:59 AM, Pádraig Brady wrote:
>>>>> On 14/04/11 15:02, Markus Trippelsdorf wrote:
>>>>>>>> Hi Pádraig,
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> here you go:
>>>>>>>> + filefrag -v unwritten.withdata
>>>>>>>> Filesystem type is: ef53
>>>>>>>> File size of unwritten.withdata is 5120 (2 blocks, blocksize 4096)
>>>>>>>>  ext logical physical expected length flags
>>>>>>>>    0       0   274432            2560 unwritten,eof
>>>>>>>> unwritten.withdata: 1 extent found
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Please notice that this also happens with ext4 on the same kernel.
>>>>>>>> Btrfs is fine.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>> `filefrag -vs` fixes the issue on both xfs and ext4.
>>>>>
>>>>> So in summary, currently on (2.6.39-rc3), the following
>>>>> will (usually?) report a single unwritten extent,
>>>>> on both ext4 and xfs
>>>>>
>>>>>   fallocate -l 10MiB -n k
>>>>>   dd count=10 if=/dev/urandom conv=notrunc iflag=fullblock of=k
>>>>>   filefrag -v k # grep for an extent without unwritten || fail
>>>>
>>>> right, that's what I see too in testing.
>>>>
>>>> But would the coreutils install have done a preallocation of the destination file?
>>>>
>>>> Otherwise this looks like a different bug...
>>>>
>>>>> This particular issue has been discussed so far at:
>>>>> http://debbugs.gnu.org/cgi/bugreport.cgi?bug=8411
>>>>> Note there it was stated there that ext4 had this
>>>>> fixed as of 2.6.39-rc1, so maybe there is something lurking?
>>>>
>>>> ext4 got a fix, but not xfs, I guess.  My poor brain can't remember, I think I started looking into it, but it's clearly still broken.
>>>>
>>>> Still, I don't know for sure what happened to Markus - did something preallocate, in his case?
>>>
>>> Well that preallocate test is failing for him
>>> when the source file is either on ext4 or xfs.
>>> He noticed the issue initially on XFS when copying
>>> none preallocated files, so XFS probably just has
>>> the general issue of needing a sync before fiemap,
>>> where as EXT4 just has this preallocate one
>>> (though I've not seen it myself).
>>>
>>> cheers,
>>> Pádraig.
>>>
>>
>> well, if I simply take the preallocation step out of the testcase, it works fine on xfs without a sync.
>>
>> So I still don't know what Markus hit...
> Sorry for that my patch ignored fallocate.  The situation is like this:
> An user allocated space for a file with fallocate, and write a small
> part of it. and the written is not flushed.
> The extent stays one unwritten extent in disk and memory with delayed
> allocation.
>
> In ext4 ext4_ext_walk_space() thinks an extent does not exist only if
> there is no any extents on disk.  So ext4_ext_walk_space()
> thinks there is a extent and   ext4_ext_fiemap_cb() thus ignores pagecache.
>
> I think ext4_ext_walk_space() should take unwritten extent not exist.
>
> Yongqiang.
>>
>> -Eric
>> --
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>>
>
>
>
> --
> Best Wishes
> Yongqiang Yang
>



-- 
Best Wishes
Yongqiang Yang
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