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Date:	Fri, 20 Jan 2012 21:34:46 +0100
From:	Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
To:	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	Eric Sandeen <sandeen@...deen.net>,
	Dave Chinner <dchinner@...hat.com>,
	Surbhi Palande <csurbhi@...il.com>,
	Kamal Mostafa <kamal@...onical.com>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, xfs@....sgi.com,
	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, Valerie Aurora <val@...consulting.com>,
	Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
Subject: [PATCH 8/8] vfs: Document s_frozen state through freeze_super

From: Valerie Aurora <val@...consulting.com>

[kamal@...onical.com: patch restructure]
[jack@...e.cz: updated comments to reflect new situation]

Signed-off-by: Valerie Aurora <val@...consulting.com>
Tested-by: Peter M. Petrakis <peter.petrakis@...onical.com>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@...onical.com>
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
---
 fs/super.c |   18 ++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 4aaad7e..557a4ef 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -1312,6 +1312,24 @@ static void sb_freeze_to_level(struct super_block *sb, int level)
  * Syncs the super to make sure the filesystem is consistent and calls the fs's
  * freeze_fs.  Subsequent calls to this without first thawing the fs will return
  * -EBUSY.
+ *
+ * During this function, sb->s_frozen goes through these values:
+ *
+ * SB_UNFROZEN: File system is normal, all writes progress as usual.
+ *
+ * SB_FREEZE_WRITE: The file system is in the process of being frozen.
+ * New writes should be blocked, we wait for in-progress writes (using
+ * s_writers[SB_FREEZE_WRITE-1]) and then sync the file system.
+ *
+ * SB_FREEZE_TRANS: The file system is frozen. We wait for all metadata writes
+ * to finish using s_writers[SB_FREEZE_TRANS-1] and after that call ->freeze_fs
+ * to finish filesystem freezing. After ->freeze_fs is done nothing should be
+ * dirty and all modifications are blocked until the file system is thawed.
+ *
+ * sb->s_frozen is protected by sb->s_umount.  Additionally,
+ * SB_FREEZE_WRITE is only temporarily set during freeze/thaw while
+ * holding sb->s_umount for writing, so any other callers holding
+ * sb->s_umount will never see this state.
  */
 int freeze_super(struct super_block *sb)
 {
-- 
1.7.1

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