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Date:	Mon, 30 Jan 2012 14:41:53 -0600
From:	Eric Sandeen <>
To:	Robin Dong <>
CC:	"Ted Ts'o" <>, Andreas Dilger <>,
	Ext4 Developers List <>
Subject: Re: [RFC] Add new extent structure in ext4

On 1/23/12 6:51 AM, Robin Dong wrote:
> Hi Ted, Andreas and the list,
> After the bigalloc-feature is completed in ext4, we could have much more
> big size of block-group (also bigger continuous space), but the extent
> structure of files now limit the extent size below 128MB, which is not
> optimal.
> We could solve the problem by creating a new extent format to support
> larger extent size, which looks like this:
> struct ext4_extent2 {
> 	__le64	ee_block;	/* first logical block extent covers */
> 	__le64	ee_start;	        /* starting physical block */
> 	__le32	ee_len;		/* number of blocks covered by extent */
> 	__le32	ee_flags;	/* flags and future extension */
> };
> struct ext4_extent2_idx {
> 	__le64	ei_block;	        /* index covers logical blocks from 'block' */
> 	__le64	ei_leaf;	        /* pointer to the physical block of the next level */
> 	__le32	ei_flags;	        /* flags and future extension */
> 	__le32	ei_unused;	/* padding */
> };
> I think we could keep the structure of ext4_extent_header and add new
> The new extent format could support 16TB continuous space and larger volumes.

(larger volumes?)

> What's your opinion?

I think that mailing list drama aside ;) Dave has a decent point that we shouldn't
allow structures to scale out further than the code *using* them can scale.

In other words, if we already have some trouble being efficient with 2^32 blocks
in a file, it is risky and perhaps unwise to allow even larger files, until
those problems are resolved.  At a minimum, I'd suggest that such a change
should not go in until it is demonstrated that ext4 can, in general, handle such
large file sizes efficiently.

It'd be nice to be able to self-host large sparse images for large fs testing,

I suppose bigalloc solves that a little, though with some backing store space
usage penalty.  I suppose if a bigalloc fs is hosted on a bigalloc fs, things
should (?) line up and be reasonable.

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