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Date:	Sat, 10 Mar 2012 23:38:40 +0200
From:	Sami Liedes <sami.liedes@....fi>
To:	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 5/5] libext2fs: Implement fast find_first_zero() for bitarray
 bitmaps.

From 020d7721d9de525e511b4778795d375675160844 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Sami Liedes <sami.liedes@....fi>
Date: Sat, 10 Mar 2012 22:50:51 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] libext2fs: Implement fast find_first_zero() for bitarray
 bitmaps.

With this change the CPU time needed to shrink a 100G filesystem drops
to 0.8% of the original (17 CPU seconds instead of 2057).

Signed-off-by: Sami Liedes <sami.liedes@....fi>

diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
index 3f0c643..8eddde9 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
@@ -317,6 +317,86 @@ static void ba_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
 		sizeof(struct ext2fs_ba_private_struct));
 }
 
+/* Find the first zero bit between start and end, inclusive. */
+static errcode_t ba_find_first_zero(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
+				    __u64 start, __u64 end, __u64 *out)
+{
+	ext2fs_ba_private bp = (ext2fs_ba_private)bitmap->private;
+	unsigned long bitpos = start - bitmap->start;
+	unsigned long count = end - start + 1;
+	int byte_found = 0; /* whether a != 0xff byte has been found */
+	const unsigned char *pos;
+	unsigned long max_loop_count, i;
+
+	if (start < bitmap->start || end > bitmap->end || start > end)
+		return EINVAL;
+
+	if (bitmap->cluster_bits)
+		return EINVAL;
+
+	/* scan bits until we hit a byte boundary */
+	while ((bitpos & 0x7) != 0 && count > 0) {
+		if (!ext2fs_test_bit64(bitpos, bp->bitarray)) {
+			*out = bitpos + bitmap->start;
+			return 0;
+		}
+		bitpos++;
+		count--;
+	}
+
+	if (!count)
+		return ENOENT;
+
+	pos = ((unsigned char *)bp->bitarray) + (bitpos >> 3);
+	/* scan bytes until 8-byte (64-bit) aligned */
+	while (count >= 8 && (((unsigned long)pos) & 0x07)) {
+		if (*pos != 0xff) {
+			byte_found = 1;
+			break;
+		}
+		pos++;
+		count -= 8;
+		bitpos += 8;
+	}
+
+	if (!byte_found) {
+		max_loop_count = count >> 6; /* 8-byte blocks */
+		i = max_loop_count;
+		while (i) {
+			if (*((const __u64 *)pos) != ((__u64)-1))
+				break;
+			pos += 8;
+			i--;
+		}
+		count -= 64 * (max_loop_count - i);
+		bitpos += 64 * (max_loop_count - i);
+
+		max_loop_count = count >> 3;
+		i = max_loop_count;
+		while (i) {
+			if (*pos != 0xff) {
+				byte_found = 1;
+				break;
+			}
+			pos++;
+			i--;
+		}
+		count -= 8 * (max_loop_count - i);
+		bitpos += 8 * (max_loop_count - i);
+	}
+
+	/* Here either count < 8 or byte_found == 1. */
+	while (count-- > 0) {
+		if (!ext2fs_test_bit64(bitpos, bp->bitarray)) {
+			*out = bitpos + bitmap->start;
+			return 0;
+		}
+		bitpos++;
+	}
+
+	return ENOENT;
+}
+
 struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray = {
 	.type = EXT2FS_BMAP64_BITARRAY,
 	.new_bmap = ba_new_bmap,
@@ -333,4 +413,5 @@ struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray = {
 	.get_bmap_range = ba_get_bmap_range,
 	.clear_bmap = ba_clear_bmap,
 	.print_stats = ba_print_stats,
+	.find_first_zero = ba_find_first_zero
 };

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