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Date:	Sun, 22 Jul 2012 05:49:26 +0100
From:	Ben Hutchings <>
To:	Imran Chaudhry <>,
	Akinobu Mita <>,
	Theodore Ts'o <>
Subject: Re: Bug#679830: linux-image-2.6.32-5-686: Kernel bug observed in
 syslog when performing an rsync operation.

On Sun, 2012-07-01 at 23:14 +0100, Imran Chaudhry wrote:
> Package: linux-2.6
> Version: 2.6.32-45
> Severity: normal
> Kernel bug observed in syslog when performing an rsync operation. I
> use rsnapshot and I believe an rsnapshot operation "conflicted" or
> "interfered" somehow with my manual rsync command. The source and
> destination are USB HDDs with ext4 filesystems. After the kernel bug
> was observed I discovered the source filesystem had a corrupt
> filesystem. If it is relevant I was using the rsync command with
> --hard-links and I also observed messages of this sort:
> "[1075483.039915] EXT4-fs error (device sdb1): htree_dirblock_to_tree:
> bad entry in directory #7143723: directory entry across blocks -
> block=34323866offset=0(0), inode=135151872, rec_len=66180,
> name_len=66" and "Jul  1 06:33:06 altair kernel: [1075335.376996]
> EXT4-fs error (device sdb1): ext4_lookup: deleted inode referenced:
> 8954048".

Sorry to hear this.  I cannot recommend using ext4 in Linux 2.6.32.

> Relevant kernel log trace with bug:
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.349172] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] kernel BUG at /build/buildd-linux-2.6_2.6.32-45-i386-yQfQSv/linux-2.6-2.6.32/debian/build/source_i386_none/fs/ext4/extents.c:1873!
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP 
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] last sysfs file: /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1e.0/0000:02:09.1/usb4/4-0:1.0/bInterfaceProtocol
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] Modules linked in: xt_multiport iptable_filter ip_tables x_tables fuse nfsd exportfs nfs lockd fscache nfs_acl auth_rpcgss sunrpc ext4 jbd2 crc16 loop raid1 md_mod snd_intel8x0 snd_ac97_codec ac97_bus snd_pcm i2c_i801 snd_timer shpchp snd psmouse evdev soundcore parport_pc parport serio_raw i2c_core snd_page_alloc pcspkr pci_hotplug rng_core processor button ext3 jbd mbcache usb_storage sd_mod crc_t10dif ata_generic ata_piix uhci_hcd e100 libata ehci_hcd thermal floppy r8169 mii usbcore nls_base scsi_mod thermal_sys [last unloaded: scsi_wait_scan]
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] 
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] Pid: 31553, comm: rsync Not tainted (2.6.32-5-686 #1) Deskpro
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] EIP: 0060:[<e0ea5b00>] EFLAGS: 00010246 CPU: 0
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] EIP is at ext4_ext_get_blocks+0x286/0x1916 [ext4]
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] EAX: 00000000 EBX: 00000000 ECX: 00000000 EDX: 00000000
> Jul  1 05:37:53 altair kernel: [1072022.352027] ESI: 00000000 EDI: db1216f4 EBP: 00000000 ESP: dfad7ad0

This specific failure mode seems to have been made possible by:

commit 731eb1a03a8445cde2cb23ecfb3580c6fa7bb690
Author: Akinobu Mita <>
Date:   Wed Mar 3 23:55:01 2010 -0500

    ext4: consolidate in_range() definitions

which was backported into a stable update.  If the 'first' and 'len'
arguments to in_range() are both 0 and either of them is unsigned, it
wrongly returns true.  This means that:

		if (in_range(iblock, ee_block, ee_len)) {
				ext4_ext_put_in_cache(inode, ee_block,
							ee_len, ee_start,

may pass ee_len == 0 to ext4_ext_put_in_cache(), triggering the BUG_ON
there.  Maybe that's just not a valid case so this doesn't matter, but
it seems like it might be possible with a corrupt filesystem?

Anyway, I think the proper definition of in_range() is:

#define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && ((b) - (first)) < (len))


Ben Hutchings
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