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Date:	Tue, 04 Sep 2012 14:33:45 -0500
From:	Eric Sandeen <sandeen@...hat.com>
To:	ext4 development <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: Why clear the orphan list when mounting a fs with errors?

On 8/27/12 2:12 PM, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> in ext3_orphan_cleanup (same for ext4) we do:
> 
>         if (EXT3_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT3_ERROR_FS) {
>                 if (es->s_last_orphan)
>                         jbd_debug(1, "Errors on filesystem, "
>                                   "clearing orphan list.\n");
>                 es->s_last_orphan = 0;
>                 jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n");
>                 return;
>         }
> 
> I can sort of understand not processing the orphan inode list if the
> fs is already known to be potentially corrupted, but actually clearing
> the list seems to go too far.  This means that a subsequent e2fsck
> will find even more problems as a result of the orphan list not being
> available.
> 
> It's been this way for a while though, so the original reason for the
> behavior may be lost.  Does anyone know?
> 
> I've been alerted to a somewhat odd behavior where a filesystem with
> an orphan inode list *and* in error state behaves differently if:
> 
> 1) e2fsck -p is done: e2fsck fixes things and exits happily
> 
> vs.
> 
> 2) mount is done first, then e2fsck -p: due to the orphan inode
>    list being gone, enough errors are found that e2fsck exits with
>    UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY.
> 
> The 2nd case above has the tendency to halt the boot process, which
> is unfortunate.

Just for posterity, replying to this first email rather than just down-thread.

I was testing a version of e2fsck which was missing one or both of these fixes (sorry):

63b3913dbc0bc7cdf8a63f3bdb0c8d7d605e9a40 e2fsck: correctly propagate error from journal to superblock
6d75685e2b76f4099589ad33732cf59f279b5d65 e2fsck: handle an already recovered journal with a non-zero s_error field

which are present in 1.42.4.  With error state properly propagated, e2fsck *also* junks the orphan inode list, and stops the preen pass:

        /* Deal with inodes that were part of corrupted orphan linked
           list (latch question) */
        { PR_1_ORPHAN_LIST_REFUGEES,
          N_("@is that were part of a corrupted orphan linked list found.  "),
          PROMPT_FIX, 0 },

So there is no inconsistency here between kernel & e2fsck behavior; neither trusts the orphan list in this case.  I guess the only remaining question is whether it's really necessary to stop the preen pass, but I suppose it is.

-Eric

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