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Date:	Sun,  9 Sep 2012 21:27:09 +0400
From:	Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
To:	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	tytso@....edu, jack@...e.cz, wenqing.lz@...bao.com,
	Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
Subject: [PATCH 2/7] ext4: completed_io locking cleanup

Current unwritten extent conversion state-machine is very fuzzy.
- By unknown reason it want perform conversion under i_mutex. What for?
  All this games with mutex_trylock result in following deadlock
   truncate:                          kworker:
    ext4_setattr                       ext4_end_io_work
    mutex_lock(i_mutex)
    inode_dio_wait(inode)  ->BLOCK
                             DEADLOCK<- mutex_trylock()
                                        inode_dio_done()
  #TEST_CASE1_BEGIN
  MNT=/mnt_scrach
  unlink $MNT/file
  fallocate -l $((1024*1024*1024)) $MNT/file
  aio-stress -I 100000 -O -s 100m -n -t 1 -c 10 -o 2 -o 3 $MNT/file
  sleep 2
  truncate -s 0 $MNT/file
  #TEST_CASE1_END

This patch makes state machine simple and clean:

(1) ext4_flush_completed_IO is responsible for handling all pending
    end_io from ei->i_completed_io_list(per inode list)
    NOTE1: i_completed_io_lock is acquired only once
    NOTE2: i_mutex is not required because it does not protect
           any data guarded by i_mutex

(2) xxx_end_io schedule end_io context completion simply by pushing it
    to the inode's list.
    NOTE1: because of (1) work should be queued only if
    ->i_completed_io_list was empty at the moment, otherwise it
    work is scheduled already.

- remove useless END_IO_XXX flags
- Improve smp scalability by removing useless i_mutex which does not
  protect anything
- Reduce lock contention on i_completed_io_lock
- Move open coded logic from various xx_end_xx routines to ext4_add_complete_io()

Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
---
 fs/ext4/ext4.h     |    5 +--
 fs/ext4/fsync.c    |   47 +++++++++++---------------------
 fs/ext4/indirect.c |    6 +---
 fs/ext4/inode.c    |   25 +---------------
 fs/ext4/page-io.c  |   76 ++++++++++++++-------------------------------------
 5 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 116 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index b3f3c55..be976ca 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -184,9 +184,7 @@ struct mpage_da_data {
  */
 #define	EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN	0x0001
 #define EXT4_IO_END_ERROR	0x0002
-#define EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED	0x0004
-#define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT	0x0008
-#define EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC	0x0010
+#define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT	0x0004
 
 struct ext4_io_page {
 	struct page	*p_page;
@@ -2405,6 +2403,7 @@ extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp,
 
 /* page-io.c */
 extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void);
+extern void ext4_add_complete_io(ext4_io_end_t *io_end);
 extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void);
 extern void ext4_ioend_wait(struct inode *);
 extern void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/fsync.c b/fs/ext4/fsync.c
index 323eb15..24f3719 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/fsync.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/fsync.c
@@ -73,46 +73,31 @@ static void dump_completed_IO(struct inode * inode)
  * might needs to do the conversion. This function walks through
  * the list and convert the related unwritten extents for completed IO
  * to written.
- * The function return the number of pending IOs on success.
+ * The function return first error;
  */
 int ext4_flush_completed_IO(struct inode *inode)
 {
+	struct ext4_inode_info	*ei = EXT4_I(inode);
+	unsigned long		flags;
+	struct list_head complete_list;
+	int err, ret = 0;
 	ext4_io_end_t *io;
-	struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
-	unsigned long flags;
-	int ret = 0;
-	int ret2 = 0;
 
 	dump_completed_IO(inode);
+
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	while (!list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list)){
-		io = list_entry(ei->i_completed_io_list.next,
-				ext4_io_end_t, list);
+	list_replace_init(&ei->i_completed_io_list, &complete_list);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
+
+	while(!list_empty(&complete_list)) {
+		io = list_entry(complete_list.next, ext4_io_end_t, list);
 		list_del_init(&io->list);
-		io->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC;
-		/*
-		 * Calling ext4_end_io_nolock() to convert completed
-		 * IO to written.
-		 *
-		 * When ext4_sync_file() is called, run_queue() may already
-		 * about to flush the work corresponding to this io structure.
-		 * It will be upset if it founds the io structure related
-		 * to the work-to-be schedule is freed.
-		 *
-		 * Thus we need to keep the io structure still valid here after
-		 * conversion finished. The io structure has a flag to
-		 * avoid double converting from both fsync and background work
-		 * queue work.
-		 */
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-		ret = ext4_end_io_nolock(io);
-		if (ret < 0)
-			ret2 = ret;
-		spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-		io->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC;
+	        err = ext4_end_io_nolock(io);
+		ext4_free_io_end(io);
+		if (unlikely(err && !ret))
+			ret = err;
 	}
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	return (ret2 < 0) ? ret2 : 0;
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/ext4/indirect.c b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
index 830e1b2..61f13e5 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/indirect.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
@@ -807,11 +807,9 @@ ssize_t ext4_ind_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
 
 retry:
 	if (rw == READ && ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) {
-		if (unlikely(!list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list))) {
-			mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+		if (unlikely(!list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list)))
 			ext4_flush_completed_IO(inode);
-			mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
-		}
+
 		ret = __blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode,
 				 inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iov,
 				 offset, nr_segs,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 202ae3f..762b955 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -2885,9 +2885,6 @@ static void ext4_end_io_dio(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
 {
 	struct inode *inode = iocb->ki_filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
         ext4_io_end_t *io_end = iocb->private;
-	struct workqueue_struct *wq;
-	unsigned long flags;
-	struct ext4_inode_info *ei;
 
 	/* if not async direct IO or dio with 0 bytes write, just return */
 	if (!io_end || !size)
@@ -2916,24 +2913,14 @@ out:
 		io_end->iocb = iocb;
 		io_end->result = ret;
 	}
-	wq = EXT4_SB(io_end->inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
-
-	/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed aio dio list*/
-	ei = EXT4_I(io_end->inode);
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &ei->i_completed_io_list);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
 
-	/* queue the work to convert unwritten extents to written */
-	queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
+	ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
 }
 
 static void ext4_end_io_buffer_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
 {
 	ext4_io_end_t *io_end = bh->b_private;
-	struct workqueue_struct *wq;
 	struct inode *inode;
-	unsigned long flags;
 
 	if (!test_clear_buffer_uninit(bh) || !io_end)
 		goto out;
@@ -2952,15 +2939,7 @@ static void ext4_end_io_buffer_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
 	 */
 	inode = io_end->inode;
 	ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, io_end);
-
-	/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed io list*/
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-
-	wq = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
-	/* queue the work to convert unwritten extents to written */
-	queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
+	ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
 out:
 	bh->b_private = NULL;
 	bh->b_end_io = NULL;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/page-io.c b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
index dcdeef1..c369419 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/page-io.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
@@ -57,6 +57,22 @@ void ext4_ioend_wait(struct inode *inode)
 	wait_event(*wq, (atomic_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_ioend_count) == 0));
 }
 
+/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed aio dio list. */
+void ext4_add_complete_io(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
+{
+	struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(io_end->inode);
+	struct workqueue_struct *wq;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	wq = EXT4_SB(io_end->inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
+	if (list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list))
+		queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
+	list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &ei->i_completed_io_list);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
+}
+
 static void put_io_page(struct ext4_io_page *io_page)
 {
 	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io_page->p_count)) {
@@ -81,12 +97,7 @@ void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io)
 	kmem_cache_free(io_end_cachep, io);
 }
 
-/*
- * check a range of space and convert unwritten extents to written.
- *
- * Called with inode->i_mutex; we depend on this when we manipulate
- * io->flag, since we could otherwise race with ext4_flush_completed_IO()
- */
+/* check a range of space and convert unwritten extents to written. */
 int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io)
 {
 	struct inode *inode = io->inode;
@@ -94,6 +105,8 @@ int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io)
 	ssize_t size = io->size;
 	int ret = 0;
 
+	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&io->list));
+
 	ext4_debug("ext4_end_io_nolock: io 0x%p from inode %lu,list->next 0x%p,"
 		   "list->prev 0x%p\n",
 		   io, inode->i_ino, io->list.next, io->list.prev);
@@ -124,45 +137,7 @@ int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io)
 static void ext4_end_io_work(struct work_struct *work)
 {
 	ext4_io_end_t		*io = container_of(work, ext4_io_end_t, work);
-	struct inode		*inode = io->inode;
-	struct ext4_inode_info	*ei = EXT4_I(inode);
-	unsigned long		flags;
-
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	if (io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC)
-		goto requeue;
-	if (list_empty(&io->list)) {
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-		goto free;
-	}
-
-	if (!mutex_trylock(&inode->i_mutex)) {
-		bool was_queued;
-requeue:
-		was_queued = !!(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED);
-		io->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED;
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-		/*
-		 * Requeue the work instead of waiting so that the work
-		 * items queued after this can be processed.
-		 */
-		queue_work(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq, &io->work);
-		/*
-		 * To prevent the ext4-dio-unwritten thread from keeping
-		 * requeueing end_io requests and occupying cpu for too long,
-		 * yield the cpu if it sees an end_io request that has already
-		 * been requeued.
-		 */
-		if (was_queued)
-			yield();
-		return;
-	}
-	list_del_init(&io->list);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	(void) ext4_end_io_nolock(io);
-	mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
-free:
-	ext4_free_io_end(io);
+	(void) ext4_flush_completed_IO(io->inode);
 }
 
 ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags)
@@ -195,9 +170,7 @@ static void buffer_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh)
 static void ext4_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int error)
 {
 	ext4_io_end_t *io_end = bio->bi_private;
-	struct workqueue_struct *wq;
 	struct inode *inode;
-	unsigned long flags;
 	int i;
 	sector_t bi_sector = bio->bi_sector;
 
@@ -255,14 +228,7 @@ static void ext4_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int error)
 		return;
 	}
 
-	/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed io list*/
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-	list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
-
-	wq = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
-	/* queue the work to convert unwritten extents to written */
-	queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
+	ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
 }
 
 void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io)
-- 
1.7.7.6

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