lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  linux-cve-announce  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite for Android: free password hash cracker in your pocket
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:	Mon, 26 Nov 2012 18:17:40 -0800
From:	"Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@...cle.com>
To:	Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
Cc:	NeilBrown <neilb@...e.de>, axboe@...nel.dk, lucho@...kov.net,
	ericvh@...il.com, tytso@....edu, rminnich@...dia.gov,
	viro@...iv.linux.org.uk, martin.petersen@...cle.com,
	david@...morbit.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, adilger.kernel@...ger.ca,
	bharrosh@...asas.com, jlayton@...ba.org,
	v9fs-developer@...ts.sourceforge.net, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/4] ext3: Warn if mounting rw on a disk requiring stable
 page writes

On Thu, Nov 22, 2012 at 10:12:40AM +0100, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Wed 21-11-12 17:47:55, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > On Thu, Nov 22, 2012 at 08:47:13AM +1100, NeilBrown wrote:
> > > On Wed, 21 Nov 2012 22:33:33 +0100 Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz> wrote:
> > > 
> > > > On Wed 21-11-12 13:13:19, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > > > > On Wed, Nov 21, 2012 at 03:15:43AM +0100, Jan Kara wrote:
> > > > > > On Tue 20-11-12 18:00:56, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > > > > > > ext3 doesn't properly isolate pages from changes during writeback.  Since the
> > > > > > > recommended fix is to use ext4, for now we'll just print a warning if the user
> > > > > > > tries to mount in write mode.
> > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@...cle.com>
> > > > > > > ---
> > > > > > >  fs/ext3/super.c |    8 ++++++++
> > > > > > >  1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)
> > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > diff --git a/fs/ext3/super.c b/fs/ext3/super.c
> > > > > > > index 5366393..5b3725d 100644
> > > > > > > --- a/fs/ext3/super.c
> > > > > > > +++ b/fs/ext3/super.c
> > > > > > > @@ -1325,6 +1325,14 @@ static int ext3_setup_super(struct super_block *sb, struct ext3_super_block *es,
> > > > > > >  			"forcing read-only mode");
> > > > > > >  		res = MS_RDONLY;
> > > > > > >  	}
> > > > > > > +	if (!read_only &&
> > > > > > > +	    queue_requires_stable_pages(bdev_get_queue(sb->s_bdev))) {
> > > > > > > +		ext3_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
> > > > > > > +			"error: ext3 cannot safely write data to a disk "
> > > > > > > +			"requiring stable pages writes; forcing read-only "
> > > > > > > +			"mode.  Upgrading to ext4 is recommended.");
> > > > > > > +		res = MS_RDONLY;
> > > > > > > +	}
> > > > > > >  	if (read_only)
> > > > > > >  		return res;
> > > > > > >  	if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT3_VALID_FS))
> > > > > >   Why this? ext3 should be fixed by your change to
> > > > > > filemap_page_mkwrite()... Or does testing show otherwise?
> > > > > 
> > > > > Yes, it's still broken even with this new set of changes.  Now that I think
> > > > > about it a little more, I recall that writeback mode was actually fine, so this
> > > > > is a little harsh.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Hm... looking at the ordered code a little more, it looks like
> > > > > ext3_ordered_write_end is calling journal_dirty_data_fn, which (I guess?) tries
> > > > > to write mapped buffers back through the journal?  Taking it out seems to fix
> > > > > ordered mode, though I have a suspicion that it might very well break ordered
> > > > > mode too.
> > > >   Oh, right. kjournald writing buffers directly (without setting
> > > > PageWriteback) will break things. So please, change warning to:
> > 
> > Maybe we should just fix this anyway?
> > 
> > I still have the patch that adds PG_stable (and changes the
> > wait_for_page_stable() test to use this flag instead of PG_writeback) kicking
> > around in my tree.  I wrote a patch to jbd that changes journal_do_submit_data
> > to set PG_stable, call clear_page_dirty_for_io(), and unsets the stable bit in
> > the end_io processing.
> > 
> > It seems to get rid of the checksum-after-write errors, though I'm not
> > convinced it's correct.  But, I'll send both patches along.
>   I'll check the patches. Fixing PageWriteback logic for ext3 is not easily
> doable due to lock ranking constraints - PageWriteback has to be set under
> PageLocked but that ranks above transaction start so kjournald cannot grab
> page locks so it cannot set PageWriteback... And changing the lock ordering
> is a major surgery.
> 
> What could be doable is waiting for buffer locks from ext3's ->write_begin
> and ->page_mkwrite implementations in case stable writes are required. If
> your approach with a separate page bit doesn't work out (and I have some
> doubts about that as mm people are *really* thrifty with page bits).
> 
> > > > 	/*
> > > > 	 * In data=ordered mode, kjournald writes buffers without setting
> > > > 	 * PageWriteback bit thus generic code does not properly wait for
> > > > 	 * writeback of those buffers to finish.
> > > > 	 */
> > > > 	if (!read_only &&
> > > > 	    test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT3_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA &&
> > 
> > test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) != EXT3_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA
> > 
> > since I bet data=journal mode is also borken wrt PageWriteback.
>   It is broken wrt PageWriteback but it actually waits for buffer locks in
> ->write_begin() so at least write path should be properly protected. But
> mmap is not handled properly there (although that wouldn't be that hard to
> fix). So I agree the condition should rather be what you suggest.

Hm.  In journal mode, write_begin calls do_journal_get_write_access on each
buffer for a given page, and in turn, jbd's do_get_write_access calls
lock_buffer.  Is that what you're referring to by "actually waits for buffer
locks"?  I'm wondering how that helps us, since afaict PG_writeback doesn't get
set in that path, and I think it's a little early to be setting PG_writeback
anyway.

If the page has to be locked before the transaction starts, how much of a
problem is it to set PG_writeback?  Even though that seems a bit early to be
doing that?

Just for fun, I tried porting ext4_page_mkwrite into ext3 (removing all the
parts that don't exist in ext3) so that do_journal_get_write_access would also
get called here, but it didn't seem to fix journal mode.  

--D
> 
> 								Honza
> -- 
> Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-fsdevel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@...r.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-ext4" in
the body of a message to majordomo@...r.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

Powered by blists - more mailing lists