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Date:	Thu,  6 Jun 2013 11:41:15 -0400
From:	Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
To:	Ext4 Developers List <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>
Cc:	Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
Subject: [PATCH 3/3] ext4: optimize test_root()

The test_root() function could potentially loop forever due to
overflow issues.  So rewrite test_root() to avoid this issue; as a
bonus, it is 38% faster when benchmarked via a test loop:

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int  i;

	for (i = 0; i < 1 << 24; i++) {
		if (test_root(i, 7))
			printf("%d\n", i);
	}
}

Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>
---
 fs/ext4/balloc.c | 14 +++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/balloc.c b/fs/ext4/balloc.c
index d0f13ea..5833939 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/balloc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/balloc.c
@@ -682,11 +682,15 @@ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb)
 
 static inline int test_root(ext4_group_t a, int b)
 {
-	int num = b;
-
-	while (a > num)
-		num *= b;
-	return num == a;
+	while (1) {
+		if (a < b)
+			return 0;
+		if (a == b)
+			return 1;
+		if ((a % b) != 0)
+			return 0;
+		a = a / b;
+	}
 }
 
 static int ext4_group_sparse(ext4_group_t group)
-- 
1.7.12.rc0.22.gcdd159b

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