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Date:	Mon, 28 Sep 2015 12:08:55 -0400
From:	"J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@...ldses.org>
To:	Andreas Gruenbacher <agruenba@...hat.com>
Cc:	Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
	Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>,
	Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
	Jeff Layton <jlayton@...chiereds.net>,
	Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@...marydata.com>,
	Anna Schumaker <anna.schumaker@...app.com>,
	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-nfs@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-api@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v8 10/41] richacl: Permission check algorithm

On Mon, Sep 28, 2015 at 12:09:01AM +0200, Andreas Gruenbacher wrote:
> A richacl roughly grants a requested access if the NFSv4 acl in the
> richacl grants the requested permissions according to the NFSv4
> permission check algorithm and the file mask that applies to the process
> includes the requested permissions.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruenba@...hat.com>
> Reviewed-by: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@...ldses.org>
> ---
>  fs/Makefile             |   2 +-
>  fs/richacl_inode.c      | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/richacl.h |   3 +
>  3 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>  create mode 100644 fs/richacl_inode.c
> 
> diff --git a/fs/Makefile b/fs/Makefile
> index fe3e9dd..ec665fd 100644
> --- a/fs/Makefile
> +++ b/fs/Makefile
> @@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL)		+= drop_caches.o
>  
>  obj-$(CONFIG_FHANDLE)		+= fhandle.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_FS_RICHACL)	+= richacl.o
> -richacl-y			:= richacl_base.o
> +richacl-y			:= richacl_base.o richacl_inode.o
>  
>  obj-y				+= quota/
>  
> diff --git a/fs/richacl_inode.c b/fs/richacl_inode.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..54e899d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/richacl_inode.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,148 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2010  Novell, Inc.
> + * Copyright (C) 2015  Red Hat, Inc.
> + * Written by Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@...nel.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
> + * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
> + * later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> + * General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/richacl.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * richacl_permission  -  richacl permission check algorithm
> + * @inode:	inode to check
> + * @acl:	rich acl of the inode
> + * @want:	requested access (MAY_* flags)
> + *
> + * Checks if the current process is granted @mask flags in @acl.
> + */
> +int
> +richacl_permission(struct inode *inode, const struct richacl *acl,
> +		   int want)
> +{
> +	const struct richace *ace;
> +	unsigned int mask = richacl_want_to_mask(want);
> +	unsigned int requested = mask, denied = 0;
> +	int in_owning_group = in_group_p(inode->i_gid);
> +	int in_owner_or_group_class = in_owning_group;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * A process is
> +	 *   - in the owner file class if it owns the file,
> +	 *   - in the group file class if it is in the file's owning group or
> +	 *     it matches any of the user or group entries, and
> +	 *   - in the other file class otherwise.
> +	 * The file class is only relevant for determining which file mask to
> +	 * apply, which only happens for masked acls.
> +	 */
> +	if (acl->a_flags & RICHACL_MASKED) {
> +		if ((acl->a_flags & RICHACL_WRITE_THROUGH) &&
> +		    uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid)) {
> +			denied = requested & ~acl->a_owner_mask;
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +	} else {
> +		/*
> +		 * When the acl is not masked, there is no need to determine if
> +		 * the process is in the group class and we can break out
> +		 * earlier of the loop below.
> +		 */
> +		in_owner_or_group_class = 1;
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Check if the acl grants the requested access and determine which
> +	 * file class the process is in.
> +	 */
> +	richacl_for_each_entry(ace, acl) {
> +		unsigned int ace_mask = ace->e_mask;
> +
> +		if (richace_is_inherit_only(ace))
> +			continue;
> +		if (richace_is_owner(ace)) {
> +			if (!uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid))
> +				continue;
> +			goto entry_matches_owner;
> +		} else if (richace_is_group(ace)) {
> +			if (!in_owning_group)
> +				continue;
> +		} else if (richace_is_unix_user(ace)) {
> +			if (!uid_eq(current_fsuid(), ace->e_id.uid))
> +				continue;
> +			goto entry_matches_owner;
> +		} else if (richace_is_unix_group(ace)) {
> +			if (!in_group_p(ace->e_id.gid))
> +				continue;
> +		} else
> +			goto entry_matches_everyone;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * Apply the group file mask to entries other than owner@ and
> +		 * everyone@ or user entries matching the owner.

The above also skips the following group_mask application on any unix
group.  But that's OK, since a non-owner matching a unix group will be
placed into the group class, so the RICHACL_MASKED clause after the loop
below will apply the group mask.  That logic is a little subtle, but OK.

--b.

> This ensures
> +		 * that we grant the same permissions as the acl computed by
> +		 * richacl_apply_masks().
> +		 *
> +		 * Without this restriction, the following richacl would grant
> +		 * rw access to processes which are both the owner and in the
> +		 * owning group, but not to other users in the owning group,
> +		 * which could not be represented without masks:
> +		 *
> +		 *  owner:rw::mask
> +		 *  group@:rw::allow
> +		 */
> +		if ((acl->a_flags & RICHACL_MASKED) && richace_is_allow(ace))
> +			ace_mask &= acl->a_group_mask;
> +
> +entry_matches_owner:
> +		/* The process is in the owner or group file class. */
> +		in_owner_or_group_class = 1;
> +
> +entry_matches_everyone:
> +		/* Check which mask flags the ACE allows or denies. */
> +		if (richace_is_deny(ace))
> +			denied |= ace_mask & mask;
> +		mask &= ~ace_mask;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * Keep going until we know which file class
> +		 * the process is in.
> +		 */
> +		if (!mask && in_owner_or_group_class)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +	denied |= mask;
> +
> +	if (acl->a_flags & RICHACL_MASKED) {
> +		/*
> +		 * The file class a process is in determines which file mask
> +		 * applies.  Check if that file mask also grants the requested
> +		 * access.
> +		 */
> +		if (uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid))
> +			denied |= requested & ~acl->a_owner_mask;
> +		else if (in_owner_or_group_class)
> +			denied |= requested & ~acl->a_group_mask;
> +		else {
> +			if (acl->a_flags & RICHACL_WRITE_THROUGH)
> +				denied = requested & ~acl->a_other_mask;
> +			else
> +				denied |= requested & ~acl->a_other_mask;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +out:
> +	return denied ? -EACCES : 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(richacl_permission);
> diff --git a/include/linux/richacl.h b/include/linux/richacl.h
> index e00f313..9768eeb 100644
> --- a/include/linux/richacl.h
> +++ b/include/linux/richacl.h
> @@ -300,4 +300,7 @@ extern unsigned int richacl_want_to_mask(unsigned int);
>  extern void richacl_compute_max_masks(struct richacl *);
>  extern struct richacl *richacl_chmod(struct richacl *, mode_t);
>  
> +/* richacl_inode.c */
> +extern int richacl_permission(struct inode *, const struct richacl *, int);
> +
>  #endif /* __RICHACL_H */
> -- 
> 2.4.3
--
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