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Date:	Thu, 22 Oct 2015 10:16:01 +0200
From:	Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
To:	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	Ted Tso <tytso@....edu>, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
	ross.zwisler@...ux.intel.com, willy@...ux.intel.com,
	Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
Subject: [PATCH 9/9] ext4: Use pre-zeroed blocks for DAX page faults

Make DAX fault path use pre-zeroed blocks to avoid races with extent
conversion and zeroing when two page faults to the same block happen.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
---
 fs/ext4/ext4.h  |  4 +--
 fs/ext4/file.c  | 20 +++-----------
 fs/ext4/inode.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 3 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 0a11a34d54c9..9b6e5813968b 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -2284,8 +2284,8 @@ struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int);
 struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int);
 int ext4_get_block_write(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
 			 struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
-int ext4_get_block_dax(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
-			 struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
+int ext4_dax_mmap_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
+			    struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
 int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
 				struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
 int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/file.c b/fs/ext4/file.c
index 0d24ebcd7c9e..749b222e6498 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/file.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/file.c
@@ -193,18 +193,6 @@ out:
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX
-static void ext4_end_io_unwritten(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
-{
-	struct inode *inode = bh->b_assoc_map->host;
-	/* XXX: breaks on 32-bit > 16TB. Is that even supported? */
-	loff_t offset = (loff_t)(uintptr_t)bh->b_private << inode->i_blkbits;
-	int err;
-	if (!uptodate)
-		return;
-	WARN_ON(!buffer_unwritten(bh));
-	err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(NULL, inode, offset, bh->b_size);
-}
-
 static int ext4_dax_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 {
 	int result;
@@ -225,8 +213,7 @@ static int ext4_dax_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 	if (IS_ERR(handle))
 		result = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
 	else
-		result = __dax_fault(vma, vmf, ext4_get_block_dax,
-						ext4_end_io_unwritten);
+		result = __dax_fault(vma, vmf, ext4_dax_mmap_get_block, NULL);
 
 	if (write) {
 		if (!IS_ERR(handle))
@@ -262,7 +249,7 @@ static int ext4_dax_pmd_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
 		result = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
 	else
 		result = __dax_pmd_fault(vma, addr, pmd, flags,
-				ext4_get_block_dax, ext4_end_io_unwritten);
+				ext4_dax_mmap_get_block, NULL);
 
 	if (write) {
 		if (!IS_ERR(handle))
@@ -283,8 +270,7 @@ static int ext4_dax_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 	sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
 	file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
 	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem);
-	err = __dax_mkwrite(vma, vmf, ext4_get_block_dax,
-			    ext4_end_io_unwritten);
+	err = __dax_mkwrite(vma, vmf, ext4_dax_mmap_get_block, NULL);
 	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem);
 	sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
 
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 73c6214084d4..c2a476a35464 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -718,16 +718,6 @@ static int _ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
 
 		map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk);
 		bh->b_state = (bh->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | map.m_flags;
-		if (IS_DAX(inode) && buffer_unwritten(bh)) {
-			/*
-			 * dgc: I suspect unwritten conversion on ext4+DAX is
-			 * fundamentally broken here when there are concurrent
-			 * read/write in progress on this inode.
-			 */
-			WARN_ON_ONCE(io_end);
-			bh->b_assoc_map = inode->i_mapping;
-			bh->b_private = (void *)(unsigned long)iblock;
-		}
 		if (io_end && io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)
 			set_buffer_defer_completion(bh);
 		bh->b_size = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize * map.m_len;
@@ -3050,17 +3040,74 @@ static int ext4_get_block_overwrite(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-int ext4_get_block_dax(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
-		   struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX
+int ext4_dax_mmap_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
+			    struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
 {
-	int flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT;
+	int ret, err;
+	int credits;
+	struct ext4_map_blocks map;
+	handle_t *handle = NULL;
+	int flags = 0;
 
-	if (create)
-		flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE;
-	ext4_debug("ext4_get_block_dax: inode %lu, create flag %d\n",
+	ext4_debug("ext4_dax_mmap_get_block: inode %lu, create flag %d\n",
 		   inode->i_ino, create);
-	return _ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh_result, flags);
+	map.m_lblk = iblock;
+	map.m_len = bh_result->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
+	credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, map.m_len);
+	if (create) {
+		flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO;
+		handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits);
+		if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
+			ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, flags);
+	if (create) {
+		err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
+		if (ret >= 0 && err < 0)
+			ret = err;
+	}
+	if (ret <= 0)
+		goto out;
+	if (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) {
+		int err2;
+
+		/*
+		 * We are protected by i_mmap_sem so we know block cannot go
+		 * away from under us even though we dropped i_data_sem.
+		 * Convert extent to written and write zeros there.
+		 *
+		 * Note: We may get here even when create == 0.
+		 */
+		handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits);
+		if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
+			ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+		err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map,
+		      EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO);
+		if (err < 0)
+			ret = err;
+		err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
+		if (err2 < 0 && ret > 0)
+			ret = err2;
+	}
+out:
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(ret == 0 && create);
+	if (ret > 0) {
+		map_bh(bh_result, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk);
+		bh_result->b_state = (bh_result->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) |
+					map.m_flags;
+		bh_result->b_size = map.m_len << inode->i_blkbits;
+		ret = 0;
+	}
+	return ret;
 }
+#endif
 
 static void ext4_end_io_dio(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
 			    ssize_t size, void *private)
-- 
2.1.4

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