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Date:	Fri, 23 Oct 2015 11:35:42 +0800
From:	Eryu Guan <guaneryu@...il.com>
To:	Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@...ux.intel.com>
Cc:	Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
	Ted Tso <tytso@....edu>,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>, willy@...ux.intel.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH 0/9 v2] ext4: Punch hole and DAX fixes

On Thu, Oct 22, 2015 at 12:09:10PM -0600, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> On Thu, Oct 22, 2015 at 10:15:52AM +0200, Jan Kara wrote:
> > Hello,
> > 
> > This series fixes a long standing problem of racing punch hole and page fault
> > resulting in possible filesystem corruption or stale data exposure. We fix the
> > problem by using a new inode-private rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem to synchronize
> > page faults with truncate and punch hole operations.
> > 
> > When having this exclusion, the only remaining problem with DAX implementation
> > are races between two page faults zeroing out same block concurrently (where
> > the data written after the first fault finishes are possibly overwritten by
> > the second fault still doing zeroing).
> > 
> > Patch 1 introduces i_mmap_sem lock in ext4 inode and uses it to properly
> > serialize extent manipulation operations and page faults.
> > 
> > Patch 2 is mostly a preparatory cleanup patch which also avoids double lock /
> > unlock in unlocked DIO protections (currently harmless but nasty surprise).
> > 
> > Patches 3-4 fix further races of extent manipulation functions (such as zero
> > range, collapse range, insert range) with buffered IO, page writeback
> > 
> > Patch 5 documents locking order of ext4 filesystem locks.
> > 
> > Patch 6 removes locking abuse of i_data_sem from the get_blocks() path when
> > dioread_nolock is enabled since it is not needed anymore.
> > 
> > Patches 7-9 implement allocation of pre-zeroed blocks in ext4_map_blocks()
> > callback and use such blocks for allocations from DAX page faults.
> > 
> > The patches survived xfstests run both in dax and non-dax mode.
> > 
> > 								Honza
> 
> In my setup generic/081 passes, but causes all sorts of errors reported in
> syslog.  I think these errors are a normal part of the test because they happen
> in the non-DAX case as well, but in the DAX case I think we end up in a bad
> state.  After this, all other tests fail.
> 
> Here is a run of generic/081 and generic/082, where generic/082 dies as a
> bystander of the bad state left by generic/081:
> 
> # ./check generic/081 generic/082
> FSTYP         -- ext4
> PLATFORM      -- Linux/x86_64 lorwyn 4.3.0-rc6_ext4_dax_v2+
> MKFS_OPTIONS  -- /dev/pmem0p2
> MOUNT_OPTIONS -- -o dax -o context=system_u:object_r:nfs_t:s0 /dev/pmem0p2 /mnt/xfstests_scratch
> 
> generic/081 2s ... 1s
> generic/082 0s ... [failed, exit status 1] - output mismatch (see /root/xfstests/results//generic/082.out.bad)
>     --- tests/generic/082.out	2015-10-02 10:20:40.816712128 -0600
>     +++ /root/xfstests/results//generic/082.out.bad	2015-10-22 12:07:06.009024134 -0600
>     @@ -1,3 +1,9 @@
>      QA output created by 082
>     -group quota on SCRATCH_MNT (SCRATCH_DEV) is on
>     -user quota on SCRATCH_MNT (SCRATCH_DEV) is on
>     +mount: /dev/pmem0p2 is already mounted or /mnt/xfstests_scratch busy
>     +quotaon: Mountpoint (or device) /mnt/xfstests_scratch not found or has no quota enabled.
>     +mount: /mnt/xfstests_scratch not mounted or bad option
>     +
>     ...
>     (Run 'diff -u tests/generic/082.out /root/xfstests/results//generic/082.out.bad'  to see the entire diff)
> Ran: generic/081 generic/082
> Failures: generic/082
> Failed 1 of 2 tests
> 
> When run by itself on a clean system with DAX generic/082 passes repeatedly.
> 
> After you get into this bad state, all other tests fail to run:
> 
> # ./check generic/082
> FSTYP         -- ext4
> PLATFORM      -- Linux/x86_64 lorwyn 4.3.0-rc6_ext4_dax_v2+
> MKFS_OPTIONS  -- /dev/pmem0p2
> MOUNT_OPTIONS -- -o dax -o context=system_u:object_r:nfs_t:s0 /dev/pmem0p2 /mnt/xfstests_scratch
> 
> our local _scratch_mkfs routine ...
> mke2fs 1.42.12 (29-Aug-2014)
> /dev/pmem0p2 is apparently in use by the system; will not make a filesystem here!

Sometimes generic/081 fails to remove test vg/lv on SCRATCH_DEV (EBUSY
iirc) and leaves SCRATCH_DEV in use. And Dave suggests that's a lvm bug,
because the device is already umounted, nothing should stop the removal
of vg/lv.

As a workaround, you can remove "-c fsync" from the xfs_io command line,
but I'm not sure if that works for pmem.

Thanks,
Eryu

> check: failed to mkfs $SCRATCH_DEV using specified options
> Passed all 0 tests
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