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Date:   Wed, 31 May 2017 11:59:00 -0700
From:   Eduardo Valentin <eduval@...zon.com>
To:     Jeff Layton <jlayton@...hat.com>
CC:     <fstests@...r.kernel.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "Al Viro" <viro@...IV.linux.org.uk>, Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>,
        <tytso@....edu>, <axboe@...nel.dk>, <mawilcox@...rosoft.com>,
        <ross.zwisler@...ux.intel.com>, <corbet@....net>,
        <dhowells@...hat.com>, <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-block@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [xfstests PATCH v3 1/5] generic: add a writeback error handling
 test

Hello,

On Wed, May 31, 2017 at 09:08:16AM -0400, Jeff Layton wrote:
> I'm working on a set of kernel patches to change how writeback errors
> are handled and reported in the kernel. Instead of reporting a
> writeback error to only the first fsync caller on the file, I aim
> to make the kernel report them once on every file description.
> 
> This patch adds a test for the new behavior. Basically, open many fds
> to the same file, turn on dm_error, write to each of the fds, and then
> fsync them all to ensure that they all get an error back.
> 
> To do that, I'm adding a new tools/dmerror script that the C program
> can use to load the error table. For now, that's all it can do, but
> we can fill it out with other commands as necessary.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@...hat.com>
> ---
>  common/dmerror             |  13 ++--
>  doc/auxiliary-programs.txt |   8 +++
>  src/Makefile               |   2 +-
>  src/fsync-err.c            | 161 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  tests/generic/999          |  76 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  tests/generic/999.out      |   3 +
>  tests/generic/group        |   1 +
>  tools/dmerror              |  44 +++++++++++++
>  8 files changed, 302 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 src/fsync-err.c
>  create mode 100755 tests/generic/999
>  create mode 100644 tests/generic/999.out
>  create mode 100755 tools/dmerror
> 
> diff --git a/common/dmerror b/common/dmerror
> index d46c5d0b7266..238baa213b1f 100644
> --- a/common/dmerror
> +++ b/common/dmerror
> @@ -23,22 +23,25 @@ if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
>  	_notrun "Cannot run tests with DAX on dmerror devices"
>  fi
>  
> -_dmerror_init()
> +_dmerror_setup()
>  {
>  	local dm_backing_dev=$SCRATCH_DEV
>  
> -	$DMSETUP_PROG remove error-test > /dev/null 2>&1
> -
>  	local blk_dev_size=`blockdev --getsz $dm_backing_dev`
>  
>  	DMERROR_DEV='/dev/mapper/error-test'
>  
>  	DMLINEAR_TABLE="0 $blk_dev_size linear $dm_backing_dev 0"
>  
> +	DMERROR_TABLE="0 $blk_dev_size error $dm_backing_dev 0"
> +}
> +
> +_dmerror_init()
> +{
> +	_dmerror_setup
> +	$DMSETUP_PROG remove error-test > /dev/null 2>&1
>  	$DMSETUP_PROG create error-test --table "$DMLINEAR_TABLE" || \
>  		_fatal "failed to create dm linear device"
> -
> -	DMERROR_TABLE="0 $blk_dev_size error $dm_backing_dev 0"
>  }
>  
>  _dmerror_mount()
> diff --git a/doc/auxiliary-programs.txt b/doc/auxiliary-programs.txt
> index 21ef118596b6..191ac0596511 100644
> --- a/doc/auxiliary-programs.txt
> +++ b/doc/auxiliary-programs.txt
> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ note the dependency with:
>  Contents:
>  
>   - af_unix		-- Create an AF_UNIX socket
> + - fsync-err		-- tests fsync error reporting after failed writeback
>   - open_by_handle	-- open_by_handle_at syscall exercise
>   - stat_test		-- statx syscall exercise
>   - t_dir_type		-- print directory entries and their file type
> @@ -30,6 +31,13 @@ af_unix
>  
>  	The af_unix program creates an AF_UNIX socket at the given location.
>  
> +fsync-err
> +	Specialized program for testing how the kernel reports errors that
> +	occur during writeback. Works in conjunction with the dmerror script
> +	in tools/ to write data to a device, and then force it to fail
> +	writeback and test that errors are reported during fsync and cleared
> +	afterward.
> +
>  open_by_handle
>  
>  	The open_by_handle program exercises the open_by_handle_at() system
> diff --git a/src/Makefile b/src/Makefile
> index 4ec01975f8f7..b79c4d84d31b 100644
> --- a/src/Makefile
> +++ b/src/Makefile
> @@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ TARGETS = dirstress fill fill2 getpagesize holes lstat64 \
>  	multi_open_unlink dmiperf unwritten_sync genhashnames t_holes \
>  	t_mmap_writev t_truncate_cmtime dirhash_collide t_rename_overwrite \
>  	holetest t_truncate_self t_mmap_dio af_unix t_mmap_stale_pmd \
> -	t_mmap_cow_race
> +	t_mmap_cow_race fsync-err
>  
>  LINUX_TARGETS = xfsctl bstat t_mtab getdevicesize preallo_rw_pattern_reader \
>  	preallo_rw_pattern_writer ftrunc trunc fs_perms testx looptest \
> diff --git a/src/fsync-err.c b/src/fsync-err.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..cbeb37fb1790
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/src/fsync-err.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,161 @@
> +/*
> + * fsync-err.c: test whether writeback errors are reported to all open fds
> + * 		and properly cleared as expected after being seen once on each
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2017: Jeff Layton <jlayton@...hat.com>
> + */
> +#include <sys/types.h>
> +#include <sys/stat.h>
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <string.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * btrfs has a fixed stripewidth of 64k, so we need to write enough data to
> + * ensure that we hit both stripes.
> + *
> + * FIXME: have the test script pass in the length?
> + */
> +#define BUFSIZE (65 * 1024)
> +
> +/* FIXME: should this be tunable */
> +#define NUM_FDS	10
> +
> +static void usage() {
> +	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: fsync-err <filename>\n");
> +}

Just to follow the same style as your main:

+static void usage() 
+{
+	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: fsync-err <filename>\n");
+}

> +
> +int main(int argc, char **argv)
> +{
> +	int fd[NUM_FDS], ret, i;
> +	char *fname, *buf;
> +
> +	if (argc < 1) {
> +		usage();
> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* First argument is filename */
> +	fname = argv[1];
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		fd[i] = open(fname, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0644);
> +		if (fd[i] < 0) {
> +			printf("open of fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	buf = malloc(BUFSIZE);
> +	if (!buf) {
> +		printf("malloc failed: %m\n");
> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +
> +	memset(buf, 0x7c, BUFSIZE);
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = write(fd[i], buf, BUFSIZE);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			printf("First write on fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = fsync(fd[i]);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			printf("First fsync on fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* flip the device to non-working mode */
> +	ret = system("./tools/dmerror load_error_table");

Just assuming a hardcoded relative path?

> +	if (ret) {
> +		if (WIFEXITED(ret))
> +			printf("system: program exited: %d\n",
> +					WEXITSTATUS(ret));
> +		else
> +			printf("system: 0x%x\n", (int)ret);
> +
> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = write(fd[i], buf, strlen(buf) + 1);

Why not BUFSIZE here?

> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			printf("Second write on fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = fsync(fd[i]);
> +		/* Now, we EXPECT the error! */
> +		if (ret >= 0) {
> +			printf("Success on second fsync on fd[%d]!\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = fsync(fd[i]);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			/* Now the error should be clear */
> +			printf("Third fsync on fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* flip the device to working mode */
> +	ret = system("./tools/dmerror load_working_table");
> +	if (ret) {
> +		if (WIFEXITED(ret))
> +			printf("system: program exited: %d\n",
> +					WEXITSTATUS(ret));
> +		else
> +			printf("system: 0x%x\n", (int)ret);
> +
> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = fsync(fd[i]);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			/* The error should still be clear */
> +			printf("fsync after healing device on fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * reopen each file one at a time to ensure the same inode stays
> +	 * in core. fsync each one to make sure we see no errors on a fresh
> +	 * open of the inode.
> +	 */
> +	for (i = 0; i < NUM_FDS; ++i) {
> +		ret = close(fd[i]);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			printf("Close of fd[%d] returned unexpected error: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +		fd[i] = open(fname, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0644);
> +		if (fd[i] < 0) {
> +			printf("Second open of fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +		ret = fsync(fd[i]);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			/* New opens should not return an error */
> +			printf("First fsync after reopen of fd[%d] failed: %m\n", i);
> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	printf("Test passed!\n");
> +	return 0;
> +}
> diff --git a/tests/generic/999 b/tests/generic/999
> new file mode 100755
> index 000000000000..6de143d1149e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tests/generic/999
> @@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
> +#! /bin/bash
> +# FS QA Test No. 999
> +#
> +# Open a file several times, write to it, fsync on all fds and make sure that
> +# they all return 0. Change the device to start throwing errors. Write again
> +# on all fds and fsync on all fds. Ensure that we get errors on all of them.
> +# Then fsync on all one last time and verify that all return 0.
> +#
> +#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
> +# Copyright (c) 2017, Jeff Layton <jlayton@...hat.com>
> +#
> +# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> +# modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
> +# published by the Free Software Foundation.
> +#
> +# This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
> +# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> +# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> +# GNU General Public License for more details.
> +#
> +# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> +# along with this program; if not, write the Free Software Foundation,
> +# Inc.,  51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
> +#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Sure you want to track the address? Maybe just remove it?

> +



> +seq=`basename $0`
> +seqres=$RESULT_DIR/$seq
> +echo "QA output created by $seq"
> +
> +here=`pwd`
> +tmp=/tmp/$$
> +status=1    # failure is the default!
> +trap "_cleanup; exit \$status" 0 1 2 3 15
> +
> +_cleanup()
> +{
> +    cd /
> +    rm -rf $tmp.* $testdir
> +    _dmerror_cleanup
> +}
> +
> +# get standard environment, filters and checks
> +. ./common/rc
> +. ./common/filter
> +. ./common/dmerror
> +
> +# real QA test starts here
> +_supported_os Linux
> +_require_scratch
> +_require_logdev
> +_require_dm_target error
> +_require_test_program fsync-err
> +
> +rm -f $seqres.full
> +
> +echo "Format and mount"
> +$XFS_IO_PROG -d -c "pwrite -S 0x7c -b 1048576 0 $((64 * 1048576))" $SCRATCH_DEV >> $seqres.full
> +_scratch_mkfs > $seqres.full 2>&1
> +_dmerror_init
> +_dmerror_mount >> $seqres.full 2>&1
> +_dmerror_unmount
> +_dmerror_mount
> +
> +_require_fs_space $SCRATCH_MNT 8192
> +
> +testfile=$SCRATCH_MNT/fsync-err-test
> +
> +$here/src/fsync-err $testfile
> +
> +# success, all done
> +_dmerror_load_working_table
> +_dmerror_unmount
> +_dmerror_cleanup
> +_repair_scratch_fs >> $seqres.full
> +status=0
> +exit
> diff --git a/tests/generic/999.out b/tests/generic/999.out
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..2e48492ff6d1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tests/generic/999.out
> @@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
> +QA output created by 999
> +Format and mount
> +Test passed!
> diff --git a/tests/generic/group b/tests/generic/group
> index 438c299030f2..39f7b14657f1 100644
> --- a/tests/generic/group
> +++ b/tests/generic/group
> @@ -440,3 +440,4 @@
>  435 auto encrypt
>  436 auto quick rw
>  437 auto quick
> +999 auto quick
> diff --git a/tools/dmerror b/tools/dmerror
> new file mode 100755
> index 000000000000..4aaf682ee5f9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/dmerror
> @@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
> +#!/bin/bash
> +#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
> +# Copyright (c) 2017, Jeff Layton <jlayton@...hat.com>
> +#
> +# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> +# modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
> +# published by the Free Software Foundation.
> +#
> +# This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
> +# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> +# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> +# GNU General Public License for more details.
> +#
> +# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> +# along with this program; if not, write the Free Software Foundation,
> +# Inc.,  51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
> +#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
> +
> +. ./common/config
> +. ./common/dmerror
> +
> +_dmerror_setup
> +
> +case $1 in
> +cleanup)
> +	_dmerror_cleanup
> +	;;
> +init)
> +	_dmerror_init
> +	;;
> +load_error_table)
> +	_dmerror_load_error_table
> +	;;
> +load_working_table)
> +	_dmerror_load_working_table
> +	;;
> +*)
> +	echo "Usage: $0 {init|cleanup|load_error_table|load_working_table}"
> +	exit 1
> +	;;
> +esac
> +
> +status=0
> +exit
> -- 
> 2.9.4
> 
> 

-- 
All the best,
Eduardo Valentin

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