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Date:   Fri, 13 Apr 2018 19:38:14 -0700
From:   Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
To:     Dave Chinner <david@...morbit.com>
Cc:     Jeff Layton <jlayton@...hat.com>,
        lsf-pc <lsf-pc@...ts.linuxfoundation.org>,
        Andres Freund <andres@...razel.de>,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>,
        "Theodore Y. Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>,
        Ext4 Developers List <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux FS Devel <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "Joshua D. Drake" <jd@...mandprompt.com>
Subject: Re: fsync() errors is unsafe and risks data loss

On Sat, Apr 14, 2018 at 11:47:52AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 13, 2018 at 07:02:32AM -0700, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > 1. If we get an error while wbc->for_background is true, we should not clear
> >    uptodate on the page, rather SetPageError and SetPageDirty.
> 
> So you're saying we should treat it as a transient error rather than
> a permanent error.

Yes, I'm proposing leaving the data in memory in case the user wants to
try writing it somewhere else.

> > 2. Background writebacks should skip pages which are PageError.
> 
> That seems decidedly dodgy in the case where there is a transient
> error - it requires a user to specifically run sync to get the data
> to disk after the transient error has occurred. Say they don't
> notice the problem because it's fleeting and doesn't cause any
> obvious problems?

That's fair.  What I want to avoid is triggering the same error every
30 seconds (or whatever the periodic writeback threshold is set to).

> e.g. XFS gets to enospc, runs out of reserve pool blocks so can't
> allocate space to write back the page, then space is freed up a few
> seconds later and so the next write will work just fine.
> 
> This is a recipe for "I lost data that I wrote /days/ before the
> system crashed" bug reports.

So ... exponential backoff on retries?

> > 3. for_sync writebacks should attempt one last write.  Maybe it'll
> >    succeed this time.  If it does, just ClearPageError.  If not, we have
> >    somebody to report this writeback error to, and ClearPageUptodate.
> 
> Which may well be unmount. Are we really going to wait until unmount
> to report fatal errors?

Goodness, no.  The errors would be immediately reportable using the wb_err
mechanism, as soon as the first error was encountered.

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