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Date:   Thu, 21 Mar 2019 16:48:23 -0400
From:   "Theodore Ts'o" <>
To:     Lukas Czerner <>
Cc:     Ext4 Developers List <>,
Subject: Re: [PATCH 8/9] e2scrub_all: refactor device probe loop

On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 09:17:10PM +0100, Lukas Czerner wrote:
> Right, I did mention it later in the reply. It can be filtered
> grep -v '^/dev/'

Well, that assumes all device nodes are in /dev.  Which is not
necessarily always the case, especially in some of the more _whacky_
container setups which I've seen.   (Hmm, is whacky redundant here?)

I suppose can test whether or not the path is a block device or a

> For me this new function is the wors of all.
> cold cache:
> real	0m2.115s
> user	0m0.040s
> sys	0m0.154s
> second time:
> real	0m1.100s
> user	0m0.037s
> sys	0m0.122s
> But that's because of blkid which is terribly slow for some reason.

I ran my test on a system with a NVMe SSD, and no HDD's attached.  I
just did an strace, and I see the util-linux folks have really done a
great job of pessimizing blkid.  :-(

My version used to just pull the information from the blkid cache file
and then verified the results, but it looks like the new, improved
util-linux version of blkid scans the /dev directory and opens and
reads from each device node, even when we're querying a single block
device.  <groan>

Even lsblk is *amazingly* inefficient in terms of the number of
useless file opens which it performs, although at least they are all
/sysfs files.

I'm half tempted to create and ship a binary which just calls
ext2fs_check_mount_point() and returns the value, since it's the most
efficient.  This command

sudo strace -o /tmp/st /build/e2fsprogs-maint/lib/ext2fs/tst_ismounted  /dev/lambda/tp

Opens /proc/mounts and does a trial mount of /dev/lambda/tp to make
sure it's actually busy, and that's it.


						- Ted

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