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Date:   Tue, 15 Oct 2019 17:34:31 +0800
From:   Chengguang Xu <cgxu519@...ernel.net>
To:     "Jan Kara" <jack@...e.cz>
Cc:     "tytso" <tytso@....edu>,
        "adilger.kernel" <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
        "linux-ext4" <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: choose hardlimit when softlimit is larger than
 hardlimit in ext4_statfs_project()

 ---- 在 星期二, 2019-10-15 16:20:01 Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz> 撰写 ----
 > On Thu 10-10-19 13:14:26, Chengguang Xu wrote:
 > > Setting softlimit larger than hardlimit seems meaningless
 > > for disk quota but currently it is allowed. In this case,
 > > there may be a bit of comfusion for users when they run
 > > df comamnd to directory which has project quota.
 > > 
 > > For example, we set 20M softlimit and 10M hardlimit of
 > > block usage limit for project quota of test_dir(project id 123).
 > > 
 > > [root@...es mnt_ext4]# repquota -P -a
 > > *** Report for project quotas on device /dev/loop0
 > > Block grace time: 7days; Inode grace time: 7days
 > >                         Block limits                File limits
 > > Project         used    soft    hard  grace    used  soft  hard  grace
 > > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 > >  0        --      13       0       0              2     0     0
 > >  123      --   10237   20480   10240              5   200   100
 > > 
 > > The result of df command as below:
 > > 
 > > [root@...es mnt_ext4]# df -h test_dir
 > > Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
 > > /dev/loop0       20M   10M   10M  50% /home/cgxu/test/mnt_ext4
 > > 
 > > Even though it looks like there is another 10M free space to use,
 > > if we write new data to diretory test_dir(inherit project id),
 > > the write will fail with errno(-EDQUOT).
 > > 
 > > After this patch, the df result looks like below.
 > > 
 > > [root@...es mnt_ext4]# df -h test_dir
 > > Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
 > > /dev/loop0       10M   10M  3.0K 100% /home/cgxu/test/mnt_ext4
 > > 
 > > Signed-off-by: Chengguang Xu <cgxu519@...ernel.net>
 > 
 > Good spotting! But the patch has a bug:
 > 
 > > diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
 > > index dd654e53ba3d..08d4f993b365 100644
 > > --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
 > > +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
 > > @@ -5546,9 +5546,11 @@ static int ext4_statfs_project(struct super_block *sb,
 > >          return PTR_ERR(dquot);
 > >      spin_lock(&dquot->dq_dqb_lock);
 > >  
 > > -    limit = (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit ?
 > > -         dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit :
 > > -         dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
 > > +    limit = ((dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit &&
 > > +        (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit < dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit)) ?
 > > +        dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit :
 > > +        dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
 > > +
 > 
 > This is wrong in case softlimit isn't set and hardlimit is. In that case
 > you'd have 'limit' equal to 0, which is wrong. Also the formula is rather
 > hard to parse already. So I'd rather go with something like:

Ah, you are right, I overlooked it. 
I'll fix in next version. Thanks for your review.

Thanks,
Chengguang

 > 
 >     limit = 0;
 >     if (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit &&
 >         (!limit || dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit < limit))
 >         limit = dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit;
 >     if (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit &&
 >         (!limit || dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit < limit))
 >         limit = dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit;
 >     limit >>= sb->s_blocksize_bits;
 > 
 > and similarly for inode limit...
 > 
 >                                 Honza
 > 
 > >      if (limit && buf->f_blocks > limit) {
 > >          curblock = (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_curspace +
 > >                  dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_rsvspace) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
 > > @@ -5558,9 +5560,11 @@ static int ext4_statfs_project(struct super_block *sb,
 > >               (buf->f_blocks - curblock) : 0;
 > >      }
 > >  
 > > -    limit = dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_isoftlimit ?
 > > -        dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_isoftlimit :
 > > -        dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_ihardlimit;
 > > +    limit = (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_ihardlimit &&
 > > +        (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_ihardlimit < dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_isoftlimit)) ?
 > > +        dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_ihardlimit :
 > > +        dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_isoftlimit;
 > > +
 > >      if (limit && buf->f_files > limit) {
 > >          buf->f_files = limit;
 > >          buf->f_ffree =
 > > -- 
 > > 2.20.1
 > > 
 > > 
 > > 
 > -- 
 > Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
 > SUSE Labs, CR
 >

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