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Date:   Wed, 13 Nov 2019 14:25:28 -0700
From:   Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>
To:     Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
Cc:     Ext4 Developers List <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        stable@...nel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: work around deleting a file with i_nlink == 0
 safely

On Nov 11, 2019, at 8:29 PM, Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu> wrote:
> 
> If the file system is corrupted such that a file's i_links_count is
> too small, then it's possible that when unlinking that file, i_nlink
> will already be zero.  Previously we were working around this kind of
> corruption by forcing i_nlink to one; but we were doing this before
> trying to delete the directory entry --- and if the file system is
> corrupted enough that ext4_delete_entry() fails, then we exit with
> i_nlink elevated, and this causes the orphan inode list handling to be
> FUBAR'ed, such that when we unmount the file system, the orphan inode
> list can get corrupted.
> 
> A better way to fix this is to simply skip trying to call drop_nlink()
> if i_nlink is already zero, thus moving the check to the place where
> it makes the most sense.
> 
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=205433
> 
> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>

Reviewed-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>

> Cc: stable@...nel.org
> ---
> fs/ext4/namei.c | 11 +++++------
> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/namei.c b/fs/ext4/namei.c
> index a67cae3c8ff5..a856997d87b5 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/namei.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/namei.c
> @@ -3196,18 +3196,17 @@ static int ext4_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
> 	if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir))
> 		ext4_handle_sync(handle);
> 
> -	if (inode->i_nlink == 0) {
> -		ext4_warning_inode(inode, "Deleting file '%.*s' with no links",
> -				   dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name);
> -		set_nlink(inode, 1);
> -	}
> 	retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh);
> 	if (retval)
> 		goto end_unlink;
> 	dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(dir);
> 	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
> 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir);
> -	drop_nlink(inode);
> +	if (inode->i_nlink == 0)
> +		ext4_warning_inode(inode, "Deleting file '%.*s' with no links",
> +				   dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name);
> +	else
> +		drop_nlink(inode);
> 	if (!inode->i_nlink)
> 		ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode);
> 	inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
> --
> 2.23.0
> 


Cheers, Andreas






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