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Date:   Mon, 18 Nov 2019 10:38:45 +0100
From:   Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
To:     Sebastian Siewior <bigeasy@...utronix.de>
Cc:     Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        Anna-Maria Gleixner <anna-maria@...utronix.de>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        Julia Cartwright <julia@...com>, Theodore Tso <tytso@....edu>,
        Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>, Mark Fasheh <mark@...heh.com>,
        Joseph Qi <joseph.qi@...ux.alibaba.com>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        Joel Becker <jlbec@...lplan.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] fs/buffer: Make BH_Uptodate_Lock bit_spin_lock a
 regular spinlock_t

On Fri 15-11-19 18:54:20, Sebastian Siewior wrote:
> From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
> 
> Bit spinlocks are problematic if PREEMPT_RT is enabled, because they
> disable preemption, which is undesired for latency reasons and breaks when
> regular spinlocks are taken within the bit_spinlock locked region because
> regular spinlocks are converted to 'sleeping spinlocks' on RT. So RT
> replaces the bit spinlocks with regular spinlocks to avoid this problem.
> Bit spinlocks are also not covered by lock debugging, e.g. lockdep.
> 
> Substitute the BH_Uptodate_Lock bit spinlock with a regular spinlock.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
> [bigeasy: remove the wrapper and use always spinlock_t and move it into
>           the padding hole]
> Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@...utronix.de>
> ---
> 
> v1…v2: Move the spinlock_t to the padding hole as per Jan Kara. pahole says
> its total size remained unchanged, before
> 
> | atomic_t                   b_count;              /*    96     4 */
> |
> | /* size: 104, cachelines: 2, members: 12 */
> | /* padding: 4 */
> | /* last cacheline: 40 bytes */
> 
> after
> 
> | atomic_t                   b_count;              /*    96     4 */
> | spinlock_t                 uptodate_lock;        /*   100     4 */
> |
> | /* size: 104, cachelines: 2, members: 13 */
> | /* last cacheline: 40 bytes */

To follow the naming of other members in struct buffer_head, please name
this b_uptodate_lock (note the b_ prefix). Otherwise the patch looks good
to me so feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>

after fixing this.

								Honza

> 
>  fs/buffer.c                 | 19 +++++++------------
>  fs/ext4/page-io.c           |  8 +++-----
>  fs/ntfs/aops.c              |  9 +++------
>  include/linux/buffer_head.h |  6 +++---
>  4 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
> index 0ac4ae15ea4dc..2c6f2b41a88e4 100644
> --- a/fs/buffer.c
> +++ b/fs/buffer.c
> @@ -277,8 +277,7 @@ static void end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  	 * decide that the page is now completely done.
>  	 */
>  	first = page_buffers(page);
> -	local_irq_save(flags);
> -	bit_spin_lock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	clear_buffer_async_read(bh);
>  	unlock_buffer(bh);
>  	tmp = bh;
> @@ -291,8 +290,7 @@ static void end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  		}
>  		tmp = tmp->b_this_page;
>  	} while (tmp != bh);
> -	bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> -	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * If none of the buffers had errors and they are all
> @@ -304,8 +302,7 @@ static void end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  	return;
>  
>  still_busy:
> -	bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> -	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	return;
>  }
>  
> @@ -333,8 +330,7 @@ void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  	}
>  
>  	first = page_buffers(page);
> -	local_irq_save(flags);
> -	bit_spin_lock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  
>  	clear_buffer_async_write(bh);
>  	unlock_buffer(bh);
> @@ -346,14 +342,12 @@ void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  		}
>  		tmp = tmp->b_this_page;
>  	}
> -	bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> -	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	end_page_writeback(page);
>  	return;
>  
>  still_busy:
> -	bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> -	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	return;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_buffer_async_write);
> @@ -3422,6 +3416,7 @@ struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags)
>  	struct buffer_head *ret = kmem_cache_zalloc(bh_cachep, gfp_flags);
>  	if (ret) {
>  		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ret->b_assoc_buffers);
> +		spin_lock_init(&ret->uptodate_lock);
>  		preempt_disable();
>  		__this_cpu_inc(bh_accounting.nr);
>  		recalc_bh_state();
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/page-io.c b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
> index 893913d1c2fe3..592816713e0d6 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/page-io.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
> @@ -125,11 +125,10 @@ static void ext4_finish_bio(struct bio *bio)
>  		}
>  		bh = head = page_buffers(page);
>  		/*
> -		 * We check all buffers in the page under BH_Uptodate_Lock
> +		 * We check all buffers in the page under uptodate_lock
>  		 * to avoid races with other end io clearing async_write flags
>  		 */
> -		local_irq_save(flags);
> -		bit_spin_lock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &head->b_state);
> +		spin_lock_irqsave(&head->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  		do {
>  			if (bh_offset(bh) < bio_start ||
>  			    bh_offset(bh) + bh->b_size > bio_end) {
> @@ -141,8 +140,7 @@ static void ext4_finish_bio(struct bio *bio)
>  			if (bio->bi_status)
>  				buffer_io_error(bh);
>  		} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
> -		bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &head->b_state);
> -		local_irq_restore(flags);
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&head->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  		if (!under_io) {
>  			fscrypt_free_bounce_page(bounce_page);
>  			end_page_writeback(page);
> diff --git a/fs/ntfs/aops.c b/fs/ntfs/aops.c
> index 7202a1e39d70c..14ca433b3a9e4 100644
> --- a/fs/ntfs/aops.c
> +++ b/fs/ntfs/aops.c
> @@ -92,8 +92,7 @@ static void ntfs_end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  				"0x%llx.", (unsigned long long)bh->b_blocknr);
>  	}
>  	first = page_buffers(page);
> -	local_irq_save(flags);
> -	bit_spin_lock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	clear_buffer_async_read(bh);
>  	unlock_buffer(bh);
>  	tmp = bh;
> @@ -108,8 +107,7 @@ static void ntfs_end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  		}
>  		tmp = tmp->b_this_page;
>  	} while (tmp != bh);
> -	bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> -	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	/*
>  	 * If none of the buffers had errors then we can set the page uptodate,
>  	 * but we first have to perform the post read mst fixups, if the
> @@ -142,8 +140,7 @@ static void ntfs_end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
>  	unlock_page(page);
>  	return;
>  still_busy:
> -	bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &first->b_state);
> -	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->uptodate_lock, flags);
>  	return;
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/buffer_head.h b/include/linux/buffer_head.h
> index 7b73ef7f902d4..e3f8421d17bab 100644
> --- a/include/linux/buffer_head.h
> +++ b/include/linux/buffer_head.h
> @@ -22,9 +22,6 @@ enum bh_state_bits {
>  	BH_Dirty,	/* Is dirty */
>  	BH_Lock,	/* Is locked */
>  	BH_Req,		/* Has been submitted for I/O */
> -	BH_Uptodate_Lock,/* Used by the first bh in a page, to serialise
> -			  * IO completion of other buffers in the page
> -			  */
>  
>  	BH_Mapped,	/* Has a disk mapping */
>  	BH_New,		/* Disk mapping was newly created by get_block */
> @@ -76,6 +73,9 @@ struct buffer_head {
>  	struct address_space *b_assoc_map;	/* mapping this buffer is
>  						   associated with */
>  	atomic_t b_count;		/* users using this buffer_head */
> +	spinlock_t	uptodate_lock;	/* Used by the first bh in a page, to
> +					 * serialise IO completion of other
> +					 * buffers in the page */
>  };
>  
>  /*
> -- 
> 2.24.0
> 
-- 
Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
SUSE Labs, CR

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