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Date:   Thu, 23 Jan 2020 20:12:34 -0800
From:   Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org>
To:     linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net,
        Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@...gle.com>,
        Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.com>
Subject: [PATCH] ext4: fix race conditions in ->d_compare() and ->d_hash()

From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...gle.com>

Since ->d_compare() and ->d_hash() can be called in RCU-walk mode,
->d_parent and ->d_inode can be concurrently modified, and in
particular, ->d_inode may be changed to NULL.  For ext4_d_hash() this
resulted in a reproducible NULL dereference if a lookup is done in a
directory being deleted, e.g. with:

	int main()
	{
		if (fork()) {
			for (;;) {
				mkdir("subdir", 0700);
				rmdir("subdir");
			}
		} else {
			for (;;)
				access("subdir/file", 0);
		}
	}

... or by running the 't_encrypted_d_revalidate' program from xfstests.
Both repros work in any directory on a filesystem with the encoding
feature, even if the directory doesn't actually have the casefold flag.

I couldn't reproduce a crash in ext4_d_compare(), but it appears that a
similar crash is possible there.

Fix these bugs by reading ->d_parent and ->d_inode using READ_ONCE() and
falling back to the case sensitive behavior if the inode is NULL.

Reported-by: Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>
Fixes: b886ee3e778e ("ext4: Support case-insensitive file name lookups")
Cc: <stable@...r.kernel.org> # v5.2+
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...gle.com>
---
 fs/ext4/dir.c | 9 ++++++---
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/dir.c b/fs/ext4/dir.c
index 8964778aabefb..0129d14629881 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/dir.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/dir.c
@@ -671,9 +671,11 @@ static int ext4_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len,
 			  const char *str, const struct qstr *name)
 {
 	struct qstr qstr = {.name = str, .len = len };
-	struct inode *inode = dentry->d_parent->d_inode;
+	const struct dentry *parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent);
+	const struct inode *inode = READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode);
 
-	if (!IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) || !EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_encoding) {
+	if (!inode || !IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ||
+	    !EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_encoding) {
 		if (len != name->len)
 			return -1;
 		return memcmp(str, name->name, len);
@@ -686,10 +688,11 @@ static int ext4_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str)
 {
 	const struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(dentry->d_sb);
 	const struct unicode_map *um = sbi->s_encoding;
+	const struct inode *inode = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_inode);
 	unsigned char *norm;
 	int len, ret = 0;
 
-	if (!IS_CASEFOLDED(dentry->d_inode) || !um)
+	if (!inode || !IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) || !um)
 		return 0;
 
 	norm = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_ATOMIC);
-- 
2.25.0

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